Science based approaches to teen pregnancy prevention
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Science-Based Approaches to Teen Pregnancy Prevention. Susan E. Washinger, M.Ed. Project Coordinator, SBP. Participant poll: (Please choose the best response). I am attending this presentation because: I want to be able to assess programs to determine if they are science-based

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Science-Based Approaches to Teen Pregnancy Prevention

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Science based approaches to teen pregnancy prevention

Science-Based Approaches toTeen Pregnancy Prevention

Susan E. Washinger, M.Ed.

Project Coordinator, SBP


Participant poll please choose the best response

Participant poll:(Please choose the best response)

I am attending this presentation because:

  • I want to be able to assess programs to determine if they are science-based

  • I want to know which science-based programs will reduce teen pregnancy among teen males

  • I want to know which science-based programs will reduce repeat teen pregnancies

  • I want to promote the use of science-based approaches to prevent teen pregnancy

  • I want to improve my teen pregnancy prevention program


Science based approaches sba project

Science-Based Approaches (SBA) Project

5-year Cooperative Agreement with CDC, 3 national partners and 9 states to increase the capacity of local organizations to select, implement, and evaluate science-based approaches to prevent teen pregnancy, STIs and HIV/AIDS


What are sbas

What are SBAs?

  • Using SBAs simply means relying on that which has been proven to work.

  • SBAs include techniques, characteristics, activities, and programs for which there is evidence of effectiveness.


Participant poll please choose the best response1

Participant poll:(Please choose the best response)

To claim a program “science-based” it should include which of the following evaluation criteria:

A. A control group and an experimental group

B. Demonstration of knowledge, attitude and behavior change

C. Results published in a peer-reviewed journal

D. Similar evaluation results in multiple program locations

E. All of the above


Science based program sbp evaluation criteria

Science-Based Program (SBP) Evaluation Criteria

  • Experimental or quasi-experimental design

  • Had adequate sample size

  • Collected data at least 3 months after intervention

  • Replicated in different location with similar results

  • Results published in a peer-reviewed journal

  • Measured knowledge, attitude and behavior change


Sbp behavior change

SBP Behavior Change

At least one of the following:

  • Delayed sexual initiation

  • Reduced frequency of sexual intercourse

  • Reduced number of sexual partners

  • Increased use of condoms/contraceptives


Program lists

Program Lists

  • Advocates for Youth: Science and Success

    • www.advocatesforyouth.org

  • National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy: What Works

    • www.teenpregnancy.org

  • Program Archive on Sexuality, Health & Adolscence (PASHA)

    • www.socio.com/pasha.htm


Promising programs

Promising Programs

  • Dr. Doug Kirby’s 17 Characteristics of Effective Programs

    • www.etr.org/recapp


Current trends teen males

Current trends … teen males

  • % of teen males who have had sexual intercourse has decreased

  • Rates of condom use have increased

  • Teen fathers more likely:

    • economically disadvantaged

    • have lower academic performance

    • more problem behaviors

    • have a mom who was a teen parent

  • Young adult men who have sex with significantly younger women (6 years +) are far less likely to use contraception


Participant poll please choose true or false

Participant poll:(Please choose true or false)

My program currently provides boys-only programs to prevent teen pregnancy?


Characteristics of programs that work teen males

Characteristics of programs that work … teen males

Limitations of the research on “boys-only” programs:

  • Relatively new to prevention efforts

  • Few have been rigorously evaluated

  • Few have shown behavior change


Characteristics of programs that work teen males1

Characteristics of programs that work … teen males

  • Co-educational school-based programs have shown positive changes in the sexual and contraceptive behavior of teen boys. These programs:

    • Go beyond the classroom

    • Include a cultural component

    • Extend across school years

  • Review of program lists


Implications for programs teen males

Implications for programs … teen males

  • Make programs more male-friendly

  • Go where the boys are

  • Help parents talk to boys

  • Tailor programs

  • Be positive rather than punitive


Current trends repeat teen pregnancies

Current trends … repeat teen pregnancies

  • 21% of all teen births are to teens who are already moms

  • Contributing factors:

    • Age

    • Race/ethnicity

    • Marital status

    • Education

    • Intendedness


Participant poll please choose true or false1

Participant poll:(Please choose true or false)

My program currently provides programs to reduce repeat teen pregnancies?


Characteristics of programs that work repeat teen pregnancies

Characteristics of programs that work … repeat teen pregnancies

Limitations of the research:

  • Only three (3) studies using experimental design showed positive effects

    • 2 home visitation programs

    • 1 program in medical setting


Characteristics of programs that work repeat teen pregnancies1

Characteristics of programs that work … repeat teen pregnancies

  • Significant factors:

    • The strength of the relationship between the teen and provider

    • On-the-job training is not sufficient for providers

    • Long-term involvement is important (starting during pregnancy)


Implications for programs repeat teen pregnancies

Implications for programs … repeat teen pregnancies

  • Develop close and sustained relationships

  • Employ skilled personnel

  • Use appropriate family planning techniques

  • Support teen moms to finish school


For more information

For more information …

  • The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy – “What Works”

    • www.teenpregnancy.org

      • “It’s a Guy Thing”

      • “Another Chance”


Potential impact

Potential Impact

More science-based programs

=

More teens participate in programs that work

=

Less teen pregnancies; less teen STI


Contacting

Contacting

Susan E. Washinger, M.Ed.

Project Coordinator, SBP

3461 Market Street

Camp Hill, PA 17011-4412

(717) 761-7380 ext. 3101

[email protected]


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