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大地之水 - 水資源環境課程教材 湖泊與水庫 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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大地之水 - 水資源環境課程教材 湖泊與水庫. 中華科技大學 機械工程系 王怡諭. 課程內容. 1. 湖泊與水庫簡介 2. 湖泊生態系的組成 3. 湖泊生態系保育面面觀. 1. 湖泊與水庫簡介 水是生命泉源. 地表總面積 71.5﹪. 1. 湖泊與水庫簡介 水的循環與特性. 1. 湖泊與水庫簡介 水的循環與特性. 高比熱 : 比熱就是在相同的環境下該物質單位質量升高 1 度 ( 任何溫標 ) 所需之熱量; 冰的比熱為 0.48 cal/g'C ;水的比熱為 1 cal/g'C ;水蒸氣的比熱為 0.55 cal/g'C 高溶點 高沸點 高蒸發熱

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大地之水 - 水資源環境課程教材 湖泊與水庫

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1.

2.

3.


1.

71.5


1.


1.

  • 1()

  • 0.48 cal/g'C 1 cal/g'C 0.55 cal/g'C



1.

  • 1-2


1.

  • 1-2-1

    • 408 11.6

    • 1,74214.8--40

    • -40018.5 5,5563,520


Caspian Sea


Lake Superior


1

  • 1-2-1

    • 408 11.6

    • 1,74214.8--40

    • -40018.5 5,5563,556


Lake Baikal1,742


14.840

0.12

2,150


1

  • 1-2-1

    • 408 11.6

    • 1,74214.8--40

    • -40018.5 5,5563,520


3,520


18.5


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  • 1-2-2

    • Rock basins


Lake Crater





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  • 1-2-2

    • Rock basins

    • Barrier basins



Gunnison River




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  • 1-2-2

    • Rock basins

    • Barrier basins

    • Organic basins




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  • 1-2-3

    • oligotrophicmesotrophiceutrophic

    • turnoveramicticmonomicticdimicticpolymictic

    • autochthonousallochthonous

    • 35 0.5

    • outlet


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2-3

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875


top-down controls

vs.

bottom-up loading


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  • 2-3

    • speciation

    • dispersal


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  • 2-3

    • speciation


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  • 2-3

    • speciation

    • dispersal

      • mobility

      • vagility


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  • 2-3

    • speciation

    • dispersal


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  • 2-3



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  • 2-4


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  • 2-4

    • 100

    • 180

    • 76


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3-1

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  • 3-1


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  • 3-1


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  • 3-3



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  • 3-4



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