National association of principals and deputy principals conference galway ireland october 17 2014
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National Association of principals and Deputy Principals Conference Galway, Ireland October 17, 2014. Paul Reville. Francis Keppel Professor of Practice and Educational Policy and Administration Director, Education Redesign LabHarvard University Graduate School of Education.

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National association of principals and deputy principals conference galway ireland october 17 2014

National Association of principals and Deputy Principals ConferenceGalway, IrelandOctober 17, 2014

Paul Reville

Francis Keppel Professor of Practice and Educational Policy and Administration

Director, Education Redesign LabHarvard University Graduate School of Education


The us principalship a snapshot

The US Principalship – A Snapshot


Trends

Trends

  • Centralization re Standards and Assessments

  • Devolution re: strategy


Middle manager dilemma

Middle Manager Dilemma

  • Lots of Responsibility (Accountability), Not Enough Authority


Leadership dilemma

Leadership Dilemma

  • Operational Management vs. Instructional Leadership

  • Limited time, capacity and support


What is instructional leadership

What is Instructional Leadership?

  • Instructional Expertise (Technical) vs. Mobilizing Talents of Others (Adaptive)

  • Creating an Adult Learning Community, A Community of Practice


Technical challenges

Technical Challenges

  • unprecedented quantities of data

  • teacher evaluation

  • English language learners

  • adapting technology eg hybrid learning, flipped classrooms, on-line assessments

  • early learning, reading by grade 3

  • applied learning

  • 21st century skills

  • career readiness, college readiness

  • technology in students’ lives

  • student engagement

  • poverty


Journey toward equity and excellence the massachusetts experience

Journey Toward Equity and ExcellenceThe Massachusetts Experience

Paul Reville

Francis Keppel Professor of Practice and Educational Policy and Administration

Director, Education Redesign LabHarvard University Graduate School of Education


Achievements mcas

Achievements - MCAS


Achievements naep

Achievements - naep

  • In NAEP Reading and Math tests (4th and 8th grades), administered in 2005, 2009, 2011, and 2013, Massachusetts was 1st or tied for 1st on all four tests each year.


Achievements international

Achievements - International

  • TIMMS 2011

    • Eighth-graders ranked 2nd in Science

    • 6th in Mathematics

      PISA 2012 Results


Gaps mcas

GAPS - MCAS

MCAS 2010 Results


Gaps mcas1

GAPS - MCAS

MCAS 2013 Results


Paul reville

Gaps

  • Drop-out Rates

    • Black Males: 5.4%

    • White Males: 1.8%

    • Hispanic Males: 6.8%

  • Low-income students are 20% less likely to graduate high school on time

    • 31% less likely to enroll in college


Historical origins of reform

Historical origins of reform

  • Budget Pressure / Proposition 2½

  • Court Case

  • Business Involvement MBAE

  • Executive and Legislative Leadership

  • Grand Bargain


Business concerns about education system

Business Concerns about education system

  • Lack of Goals

  • Lack of Performance Measurement

  • Lack of HR System

  • Uneven Performance and High Failure Rates

  • Unsupported Educators

    • Inadequate, Irrational Finance System

  • Lack of Choice and Competition


Education reform act of 1993

Education reform act of 1993

  • Standards, Assessments, and Accountability

  • System Improvements

  • Finance Reform and Reinvestment


Implementation success

Implementation Success

  • Leadership - Deep, Non-Partisan, Persistent

  • Clear, Powerful Equity and Excellence Rationale

  • High Expectations, Standards, and Stakes

  • Significant Investment in Capacity and Equity

  • Inclusive Implementation Approach

  • Long-term Commitment


Key strategies

Key strategies

  • Shared Ownership in Building Standards

  • High Quality Assessments

  • Focus on Building Educator Accountability

  • Strengthening Districts

  • Central Role of Data

  • High Quality Charters and Other Innovations

  • Strengthened Accountability

  • Expanded Turn-arounds

  • Limited Attention to Time and Wrap-around

  • Balance on Teacher Evaluation

  • Race to the Top

  • Collaboration with Early and Higher Education


Major challenges

Major challenges

  • Gap Closing, Sub Groups

  • Early Literacy

  • Turn-arounds

  • Career Readiness (STEM Inspiration Gap)

  • Inadequate Time

  • Problems Associated with Poverty


Looking ahead

Looking ahead

  • Need for a “New Engine”

  • Schools Alone Cannot Do It

  • Limits of School Reform and Standards Paradigm


New engine

New Engine

  • Drives Achievement of “All Means All”

  • Braided Systems

  • Schools - Expanded, Extended and Differentiated

  • Health and Human Services Integrated

  • Out of School Learning Accessible


Big idea 1

Big Idea #1:

  • A Felicitous Coincidence: All Means AllReflectsEconomic Interests Converging withMoral Obligations


All means all

All Means All

  • Everyone ready for success in:

  • 21st century employment

  • Active citizenship

  • Family leadership

  • Lifelong learning


Big idea 2

Big Idea #2:

  • Schooling Alone Is Insufficient


Massachusetts fourth graders who scored below proficient reading level by family income

Massachusetts Fourth Graders Who Scored Below Proficient Reading Level by Family Income

Data Courtesy of Kids Count Data Center


Paul reville

2013 Statewide MCAS Results: Grade 3 English Language Arts - Percentage of Students at Each Achievement Level –

  • Select Subgroups

  • Data Courtesy of MA Department of Elementary and Secondary Education


Big idea 3

Big Idea #3:

  • The Current System Is Outmoded


What s the problem

What’s the Problem?

  • Too little time

  • “One size fits all” approach

  • Designed for another era with different goals

  • Schools are too weak of an intervention


What are biggest challenges

What Are Biggest Challenges?

  • Poverty

  • Growing inequality

  • Special needs

  • Immigration and language acquisition


Big idea 4

Big Idea #4:

  • We Need A New Design:

  • Integrated Systems of Child Development and Education


Our goal is and must be

Our Goal Is And Must Be:

  • Prepare each and every student for success.


Big idea 5

Big Idea #5:

  • Need to Differentiate

  • Meet each child where (s)he is and give him the education and support (s)he needs to be successful at each stage of development and ultimately in college, career, citizenship, and life.


Big idea 6

Big Idea #6:

  • Need to braid systems of health, mental health and education while building social and emotional learning and student resiliency.

  • Need to eliminate impediments to students attending school and being attentive and supplying motivated

  • effort when in school.


Big idea 7

Big Idea #7:

  • Need to increase access to out of school time learning for disadvantaged students:

  • 20%-80% challenge

  • Level the learning field


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