Motivation we all need it
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MOTIVATION! WE ALL NEED IT . FAST FIVE record answers in your notes. What’s the name of the song playing? What is the name of the musical group? How do you describe where things are? What tools do you use to describe where things are? What do GIS and GPS stand for?.

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MOTIVATION! WE ALL NEED IT 

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Motivation we all need it

MOTIVATION! WE ALL NEED IT 


Fast five record answers in your notes

FAST FIVErecord answers in your notes

  • What’s the name of the song playing?

  • What is the name of the musical group?

  • How do you describe where things are?

  • What tools do you use to describe where things are?

  • What do GIS and GPS stand for?


What is human geography

WHAT IS HUMAN GEOGRAPHY?

  • Vocabulary important – weekly quizzes

  • Geography: study of location of people & activities across earth & the reasons for their distribution; the study of the logical arrangement of human activities in space

  • Human Geography: study where & why human activities are located where they are; i.e. religions, cities, businesses, schools, malls, military bases etc.

  • 2 themes constantly present that are in opposition with each other - globalization & localism

  • Most want globalizations benefits as well as preservation of local uniqueness


When do we use geography

WHEN DO WE USE GEOGRAPHY?

  • WRITE DOWN 3 EXAMPLES OF HOW YOU HAVE EXPERIENCED OR DO EXPERIENCE THESE 2 TENSIONS IN YOUR DAILY LIFE?

  • WHEN WAS THE LAST TIME YOU USED GEOGRAPHY?

  • WHO WAS ERATOSTHENES?


The historical development of geography really cool maps

THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF GEOGRAPHY & REALLY COOL MAPS

OBJ: TO THINK GEOGRAPHICALLY BY LEARNING & IDENTIFYING EARLY GEOGRAPHERS AND THEIR METHODS


Where in the world

WHERE IN THE WORLD?


The world from space

THE WORLD FROM SPACE


Vocabulary

VOCABULARY

PLACE: SPECIFIC LOCATION

REGION: AREA OF EARTH DISTINGUISHED BY COMBINATION OF CULTURAL & PHYSICAL FEATURES

SCALE: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PORTION OF EARTH BEING STUDIED & EARTH AS A WHOLE

UHS – PLACE, REGION, SCALE


Motivation we all need it

TYPES OF SCALESMALL SCALE SHOWS A LARGER AREA ON THE EARTH’S SURFACE W/LESS DETAILLARGE SCALE SMALLER AREA BUT W/MORE DETAILRATIO OR FRACTION 1/1,000WRITTEN: 1 INCH = 1 MILEGRAPHIC: BAR LINE


In the beginning

IN THE BEGINNING…

  • BABYLONIANS: 2300BCE 1ST MAPS

  • MEDITERRANEAN SAILORS: MAPS OF ROCKS, SEA, CURRENTS EARLY 800’S BCE

  • GREEKS: THALES USED GEOMETRY, ANAXIMANDER WORLD MAP, HECATEUS 1ST GEOGRAPHY BOOK 500BCE, ARISTOTLE 384-322BCE 1ST TO DEMONSTRATE EARTH WAS SPHERICAL, ERATOSTHENES 276?-194?BCE 1ST TO USE WORD GEOGRAPHY, CALCULATED EARTH’S CIRCUMFERENCE, 1 OF EARLIEST KNOWN WORLD MAPS, DIVIDED EARTH INTO 5 CLIMATE REGIONS

  • PTOLEMY 100-170?CE 8 VOLUME GUIDE TO GEOGRAPHY

  • INQUIRY IN CHINA, MUSLIMS

  • REVIVAL OF CARTOGRAPHY AGE OF EXPLORATION & DISCOVERY 165H - 17TH CENT. COLUMBUS, MAGELLAN, HENRY THE NAVIGATOR

  • MORE ACCURATE MAPS & TEXTS AS RESULT

  • MERCATOR 1512-1594 & ORTELIUS 1527-1650


Maps what are they good for

MAPS! WHAT ARE THEY GOOD FOR?

  • CARTOGRAPHY – SCIENCE OF MAPMAKING. TODAY THIS IS DONE WITH THE AID OF COMPUTERS & SATELLITE IMAGERY

  • PURPOSES? – DIRECTIONS, STORE REFERENCE MATERIAL, COMMUNICATE GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION, FIND LOCATION, DISTRIBUTION OF PHYSICAL FEATURES & HUMAN ACTIVITIES

  • SCALE, PROJECTION, TELLING TIME

  • MAPS LIE


Map of countries that have mcdonald s what kind of map is this

MAP OF COUNTRIES THAT HAVE McDONALD’SWHAT KIND OF MAP IS THIS?


World map of national iq scores

WORLD MAP OF NATIONAL IQ SCORES


Equal area map goode

EQUAL AREA MAP/GOODE


Advantages disadvantages of map projections

ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF MAP PROJECTIONS

  • DISTORTION: SHAPE, DISTANCE, RELATIVE SIZE OF AREAS, DIRECTION

  • EQUAL AREA/GOODE: TEXT USES THESE MAPS - RELATIVE SIZES OF LANDMASSES SAME AS IN REALITY; SHAPE OF LANDMASS DISTORTION MINIMIZED BUT EASTERN & WESTERN HEMISPHERES SEPARATED – THIS IS CALLED INTERRUPTION

  • MERIDIANS DON’T CONVERGE NORTH & SOUTH, LAT & LONG DON’T FORM RIGHT ANGLES

  • ROBINSON: DISPLAYS INFO ACROSS OCEANS WELL BUT LAND AREAS SMALLER THAN AN EQUAL AREA/HOMOLOSINE MAP AS A RESULT

  • MERCATOR: MINIMAL SHAPE DISTORTION, DIRECTION CONSISTENT, MAP RECTANGULAR BUT RELATIVE SIZE GROSSLY DISTORTED TOWARD THE POLES

  • CONIC:FOCUS OF MAP IS AREA WHERE CONE TOUCHES THE GLOBE; THERE’S LESS DISTORTION. THE FURTHER AWAY THE AREA ON YOUR MAP IS FROM THE LINE OF INTERSECTION THE MORE DISTORTIONADVANTAGES: GOOD FOR POLAR REGIONS, STANDARD MAP OF CANADA & AERONAUTICAL MAPS BECAUSE IT SHOWS LATITUDE IN THE FORM OF A CIRCLEDISADVANTAGES: NOT GOOD FOR DISPLAYING LARGE AREAS BECAUSE THE DISTORTION BECOMES GREATER THE FURTHER YOU MOVE FROM THE LINE WHERE THE CONE INTERSECTS THE GLOBE.


Locating points on earth

LOCATING POINTS ON EARTH

  • GEOGRAPHIC GRID

  • MERIDIAN, LONGITUDE

  • M. IS AN ARC DRAWN B/W N&S POLES

  • L. IS NUMBERING SYSTEM THAT IDENTIFIES LOCATION OF EACH MERIDIAN ON EARTH’S SURFACE

  • PARALLEL IS A CIRCLE DRAWN AROUNG THE GLOBE PARALLEL TO EQUATOR

  • LATITUDE IS NUMBERING SYSTEM USED TO INDICATE LOCATION OF A PARALLEL


Geographic grid telling time

GEOGRAPHIC GRID & TELLING TIME

  • EARTH DIVIDED INTO 360° OF LONGITUDE & AS EARTH TURNS ALL LINES OF LONG. PASS UNDER THE SUN

  • ONE TIME ZONE = 15° L. AND DIVIDE 360°/15° WE GET 24 TIME ZONES; 1 FOR EACH HOUR OF THE DAY

  • GREENWICH MEAN TIME (UT) IS MASTER REFERENCE TIME FOR ALL POINTS ON EARTH AT 0 LONGITUDE AKA PRIME MERIDIAN

  • INTERNATIONAL DATE LINE 180° LONGITUDE FOR THE MOST PART.

  • CLOCK MOVES BACK 24 HOURS OR 1 DAY IF HEADING WEST TOWARD AMERICA

  • MOVE 1 DAY FORWARD IF HEADING EAST TOWARD ASIA (FROM DATE LINE)


Using the map below complete the worksheet

USING THE MAP BELOW COMPLETE THE WORKSHEET


Fast five

FAST FIVE

  • NAME 2 TYPES OF MAP PROJECTION

  • LIST 1 DISADVANTAGE & 1 ADVANTAGE OF EACH OF THE 2

  • WHAT IS THE INTERNATIONAL DATE LINE

  • HOW MANY TIME ZONES ARE THERE IN THE WORLD?

  • WHAT ARE 3 WAYS TO WRITE SCALE?


5 themes of geo

5 THEMES OF GEO.

  • PLACE: NAME, SITE, SITUATION,

  • LOCATION: ABSOLUTE & RELATIVE

  • REGION: FORMAL, NODAL (FUNCTIONAL), VERNACULAR

  • MOVEMENT: PEOPLE, IDEAS, DISEASE, GOODS ETC.

  • HUMAN ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION


Toponym site situation

TOPONYM, SITE & SITUATION

  • PERSON, RELIGION, ORIGIN OF SETTLERS ETC. – NAME/TOPONYM

  • SITE: PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

  • SITUATION: LOCATION OF A PLACE RELATIVE TO OTHER PLACES. FINDING AN UNFAMILIAR PLACE & UNDERSTANDING ITS IMPORTANCE

  • SHANGHAI – ALONG S. SIDE OF YANGTZE RIVER, SITUATION CRITICAL BECAUSE AT MOUTH OF YANGTZE WHICH FLOWS INTO E. CHINA SEA, LARGEST WORLD PORT


Types of regions

TYPES OF REGIONS

  • AN AREA OF EARTH DEFINED BY 1 OR MORE DISTINCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS

  • DISTINCTIVE CHARACTER DERIVED THROUGH CULTURAL LANDSCAPE OR REGIONAL STUDIES APPROACH

  • BEGAN IN FRANCE 19TH C. & ADOPTED BY AMERICANS, SAUER & PLATT.

  • GEOGRAPHERS SEEK TO IDENTIFY THE RELATIONSHIPS AMONG COMBO OF CHARACTERISTICS THAT DEFINE REGION

  • FORMAL OR UNIFORM: SHARE IN 1 OR MORE COMMONALITIES SUCH AS LANGUAGE, CROP, CLIMATE.

  • MUST RECOGNIZE DIVERSITY WHEN MAKING GENERALIZATIONS

  • EXAMPLES:MONTANA, RED STATES, WHEAT BELT ETC.


Vernacular functional nodal

VERNACULAR & FUNCTIONAL (NODAL)

  • PERCEPTUAL REGION AREA THAT PEOPLE BELIEVE EXISTS AS A PART OF THEIR CULTURAL ID; LITTLE ITALY, THE SOUTH ETC.

  • ECO, CULTURAL & ENVIRON-MENTAL FEATURES DISTINCT IN S. U.S

  • FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZED AROUND A NODE OR FOCAL POINT SO THE CHARACTERISTIC (AIRLINE HUB) THAT DEFINES A FUNCTIONAL REGION DOMINATES AT A CENTRAL FOCUS & DECLINES IN IMPORTANCE OUTWARD.

  • TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNI-CATION, ECONOMIC LOCUS, CELL SERVICE


Regions of culture

REGIONS OF CULTURE

  • CULTURE: “BODY OF CUSTOMARY BELIEFS, MATERIAL TRAITS & SOCIAL FORMS THAT TOGETHER CONSTITUTE THE DISTINCT TRADITON OF A GROUP OF PEOPLE” – IT’S COMPLEX!

  • TO CARE ABOUT – ADORE, WORSHIP

  • TAKE CARE OF – NURSE, LOOK AFTER

  • ESPECIALLY IMPORTANT CULTURAL TRAITS COME FROM: LANGUAGE, RELIGION & ETHNICITY

  • THESE 3 ARE SUPERB WAYS OF IDENTIFYING LOCATION OF A CULTURE & MEANS BY WHICH THE VALUES OF THAT CULTURE ARE DISTRIBUTED THROUGHOUT WORLD

Holi is a festival celebrated by Hindus around the world. Holi marks the beginning of spring, and is usually celebrated at the end of February or early March. Participants in a Holi festival often throw brightly colored powder and scented water at each other.


Spatial association cranberry production in the us

SPATIAL ASSOCIATION – CRANBERRY PRODUCTION IN THE US


Check in

CHECK IN

  • LOCATION IDENTIFIED THROUGH ?

  • 3 TYPES OF REGIONS?

  • CULTURE ENCOMPASSES WHAT PEOPLE CARE ABOUT & WHAT THEY TAKE CARE OF

  • SPATIAL ASSOCIATION: ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: CLIMATE, SOIL, WATER, AVAILABLE LAND. GREEN AREAS CONSIDERED THE CRANBERRY REGION


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