The
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 31

The Right to Health Protection PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 67 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Right to Health Protection. Art . 1º . All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood - Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Art . 25º.

Download Presentation

The Right to Health Protection

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The right to health protection

TheRight to HealthProtection


Art 1

Art. 1º

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood

- Universal Declaration of Human Rights


Art 25

Art. 25º

Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control

- Universal Declaration of Human Rights


The right to health protection

VS


Art 64

Art. 64º

1.º Everyone shall possess the right to health protection and the duty to defend and promotehealth.

2.º The right to health protection shall be fulfilled:

a) By means of a national health service that shall be universal and general and, with particular regard to the economic and social conditions of the citizens who use it, shall tend to be free of charge;


The right to health protection

b) By creating economic, social, cultural and environmental conditions that particularly guarantee the protection of childhood, youth and old age; by systematically improving living and working conditions and also promoting physical fitness and sport at school and among the people; and by developing both the people’s health and hygiene education and healthy living practises;


The right to health protection

3.º In order to ensure enjoyment of the right to the protection of health, the state shall be under a primaryduty:

a) To guarantee access by every citizen, regardless of his economic situation, to preventive, curativeandrehabilitativemedicalcare;

b) To guarantee a rational and efficient nationwide coverage in terms of healthcare units andhumanresources;

c) To work towards the public funding of the costs of medical care and medicines;


The right to health protection

d) To regulate and inspect corporate and private forms of medicine and articulate them with the national health service, in such a way as to ensure adequate standards of efficiency and quality in both public and private healthcare institutions;

e) To regulate and control the production, distribution, marketing, sale and use of chemical, biological and pharmaceutical products and other means of treatment and diagnosis;


The right to health protection

f) To establish policies for the prevention and treatment of drug abuse.

4.º The national health service shall possess a decentralised and participatory managementsystem.

- Constitution of the Portuguese Republic


Perspectives on right to health protection

Perspectives onright to healthprotection

  • Negative perspective consists in giving the citizens the right to demand that anyone (including the State) doesn’t prejudice their health.

  • Positive perspective consists in the citizens right to demand from the State the necessary provisions to insure health and diseases.


Pt health care systems

PT healthcaresystems

NHS

PublicandPrivateSubsystems

PrivateVoluntaryHealthInsurances


Expenditure on health

Expenditure on Health


Problems

Problems

High use of hospital emergencydeparments;

Longwaitinglists for surgicalprocedures;

Mixedevidenceaboutsatisfactionofconsumers and professionals about public services;

Major increase in health expenditure and difficulties with costs control;

Increased demand for health care from vulnerable groups;

Difficulty in reducing mortality due to traffic accidents and life-style related diseases.


Barriers to access to primary health care

Barriers to access to primaryhealthcare

Limitedsupplyof services

Geographical areas limitations

Opening times

Excessive cost/Unaffordability of services

Lack of information

Higher use of hospital emergencydepartments


Waiting lis ts

Waiting Lists

Isthecapacitysufficient to meet current needs?


Responsiveness

Responsiveness?

Dignity

Autonomy

Confidenciality


Satisfaction

Satisfaction

Physicians

Nurses

Pharmaceuticals


Us health care system

US healthcaresystem

PrivateInsurances

Publicprograms: Medicare, Medicaid, TheChildren’sHealthInsuranceProgram


Health expenditure

HealthExpenditure


Sources of payment for health care

Sourcesofpayment for healthcare


Does the us recognize the human right to health care

Does the US recognizetheHumanRight to HealthCare?

No.

The US as failed to recognize a universal humanright to healthcareprotectionon a nationallevel, andhasnotevenadoptednationalprinciplesthatwoulddistinguishthehumanrightsandpublichealthgoalsofhealthfromthepursuitofprofits. Thisfailureisreflectedin a healthcarefinancingsystemthatleaves 47 millionpeoplewithoutanyhealthinsurance.


Can the us afford universal health care

Canthe US afford Universal HealthCare?

Yes.

The US isalreadytheworld’sbiggesthealthcarespender. A shift to a universal coverageand a singlepayersystemwouldsaveinadministrativecosts (10% ofhealthcarespending) anditwouldbe more thanenoutgh to offset the universal coverage. Itwouldnotrequiredecreasingthequality, insteaditwouldredirecthealthcarespentonwastefuladministrativecostsbyinsurancecompaniesandadvertisingbypharmaceuticalcompanies, as well as eliminatingunjustifiedandexcessiveprivate sector profits.


Obstacles to achieving universal quality care

Obstacles to Achieving Universal QualityCare

Lackof a nationalhealthcareplan

Sharing ofcostsandbenefits


The right to health protection

Thehumanright to healthguaranteesthecreationofconditionswhichwouldassure to allmedicalserviceandmedicalattentionintheeventofsickness.

InternationalCovenantonEconomic, Social and Cultural Rights (art. 12º)

Carla Costa

2334


  • Login