The skills gap
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The Skills Gap. Lord Baker of Dorking C.H. The economy is changing. An even bigger story: the baby boomers are retiring. (Thousands). Huge numbers of people will be needed by 2020. Between 2012 and 2020, we need – 830,000 SET professionals (degree level)

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The Skills Gap

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The skills gap

The Skills Gap

Lord Baker of Dorking C.H.


The economy is changing

The economy is changing


An even bigger story the baby boomers are retiring

An even bigger story: the baby boomers are retiring

(Thousands)


Huge numbers of people will be needed by 2020

Huge numbers of people will be needed by 2020

Between 2012 and 2020, we need –

  • 830,000 SET professionals (degree level)

  • 450,000 SET technicians (levels 3 and 4)

    SET = science, engineering and technology

    Figures include growth + replacement demand (mainly to replace baby boomers planning to retire)


But supply won t meet demand

But supply won’t meet demand

Demand for science, engineering and technology graduates: 104,000 per year between 2012 and 2020

Number of new graduates taking UK jobs in SET occupations: 64,000 per year

Shortfall: 40,000 graduates per year


Education is out of step with the economy

Education is out of step with the economy.

Schools, further education colleges, training providers and universities are failing to deliver the skills we need today, let alone tomorrow.


Higher education has grown rapidly but not in all subjects

Higher education has grown rapidly – but not in all subjects


M any graduates are under employed

Many graduates are under-employed


Apprenticeships have grown but the numbers are unbalanced

Apprenticeships have grown – but the numbers are unbalanced


Britain s plight

Britain’s plight

Only 4% of 15 year olds in the UK want careers in engineering and computing ...

… placing the UK 35thout of 37 countries in an OECD survey.


Other countries value vocational education more highly

Other countries value vocational education more highly …


And have lower youth unemployment

…and have lower youth unemployment


The connection is obvious

The connection is obvious


Uk and austria

UK and Austria


We are wrong to delay technical education

We are wrong to delay technical education

In Austria, technical education starts at 14.

In England, most technical education starts at 16 – two years behind.


Too many young people start rather than finish level 2 at 16

Too many young people start – rather than finish – level 2 at 16

QCF: Qualifications and Curriculum Framework


The time has come to rethink 14 18 education

The time has come to rethink 14-18 education


What is a utc

What is a UTC?

  • Independent state school

  • 14-18 age range

  • All-ability intake

  • Sub-regional

  • Commitment of a local university

  • Employers involved from the start in shaping and delivering the curriculum


Curriculum

Curriculum

14 - 16

40%

Technical

60%

General & bridging

Post-16

40%

General & bridging

60%

Technical


Key characteristics of utcs

Key characteristics of UTCs

  • Technical and academic education are integrated

  • Practical work is as highly valued as academic work

  • Longer days (8-30 to 5) and school years (36-40 weeks)

  • Enrichment for all

  • Curriculum projects devised by employers and universities

  • Progression routes include HE, FE, Apprenticeships and employment


What s more

What’s more …

  • Every student who left the JCB Academy last summer had somewhere to go –

    • Apprenticeships

    • Further education

    • University

    • Work


The skills gap

Four types of 14-18 college:

  • UTCs

  • Liberal arts colleges

  • Career colleges

  • Performing arts and sports colleges


The skills gap

Thank you


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