Integrated healthcare information services through mobiles ihism
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Integrated Healthcare Information Services Through Mobiles (IHISM). Henry Nyongesa University of Botswana. Digital Exclusion. Digital exclusion is most evident in Africa Attributable to poor communications infrastructure in most countries Case: Mobile telephony in Botswana

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Integrated Healthcare Information Services Through Mobiles (IHISM)

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Integrated healthcare information services through mobiles ihism

Integrated HealthcareInformation ServicesThrough Mobiles (IHISM)

Henry Nyongesa

University of Botswana


Digital exclusion

Digital Exclusion

  • Digital exclusion is most evident in Africa

    • Attributable to poor communicationsinfrastructure in most countries

  • Case: Mobile telephony in Botswana

    • 80% of communication lines are cellular

    • 80% of the populated areas covered

    • 1 in 2 adults has access to a mobile phone

  • Mobile telephony represents the best solution for digital inclusion in Africa (computer literacy is still low; HCI is not natural)


Information therapy

Information Therapy

  • Ignorance and lack of access to relevant information is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in Africa

  • Information can be a powerful form of therapy

    • Personalized Information is provided to patients as part of therapy regimen

    • Minimize visits to physicians for patients suffering from chronic conditions, such HIV/AIDS

  • Need for access to informationwhen patients migrate


Ihism project overview

IHISM Project Overview

  • Information to compliment clinical management of HIV/AIDS

  • Development

    • Portals for mobile telephony information access

    • Models for user information needs

    • Multimedia local content

  • Pilot and evaluate (proof of concept)

    • Pilot application, evaluate effectiveness of services

  • Infrastructure and capacity building

    • Researchers: Social/scientists, carers

    • Community: Application providers, end-users


Germane issues

Germane Issues

  • Representation of individual user information needs

    • How to identify patients in a mobile set-up

  • Geographical context of the project

    • Acquisition, translation and presentation of multimedia content in local languages

  • Information presentation for users who are semi-literate or illiterate

    • Natural Interaction


Needs analysis

Needs Analysis

  • Automatic Reminders

    • Evaluate effectiveness of such reminders

  • Surveys and Research

    • Privacy/Confidentiality/Security

  • Databases of FAQ

    • Personal Information Agents

  • Transmission of (PDA) Field Data

  • Mobile VideoConferencing (Telemedicine)


Research issues

Research Issues

  • Text to Speech

    • Audio Output

  • Speech Recognition

    • Recognize standard speech input

  • Natural Graphical Languages

    • Geographical-context Graphic Icons


Ihism overview

IHISM Overview


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for morethan 85% of HIV/AIDS sufferers

  • 14 million children are orphanedby HIV/AIDS, 11 million of them in Africa

  • A multi-faceted approach is neededto combat the epidemic

  • Provide

    • Technology to assist clinical management of HIV/AIDS

    • Empower sufferers and carers with information


Integrated healthcare information services through mobiles ihism

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