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Underwater Instructors Certification Course. Los Angeles County. Teaching Theory and Methods.

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Underwater instructors certification course
Underwater Instructors Certification Course

Los Angeles County

Teaching Theory and Methods


Teaching scuba is why you are here. Without the right tools, techniques, passion and attitude you are only presenting by rote. By the end of this lecture you be able to: State at least one reason why a scuba instructor is necessary.Name three techniques used by an effective scuba instructor.


Talking is not teaching
Talking is Not Teaching techniques, passion and attitude you are only presenting by rote.


What is teaching
What is Teaching? techniques, passion and attitude you are only presenting by rote.

TEACH v. taught (tôt), teach·ing, teach·es

1. To impart knowledge or skills: informed divers are safe divers.

2. To provide knowledge of and instruct in: guide students through the learning process of scuba diving.

3. To condition to a certain action or frame of mind: teaching scuba divers to be self-reliant.

4. To cause to learn by example or experience: people learn by doing.

5. To advocate or preach: safe diving practices.


Is teaching necessary
Is Teaching Necessary? techniques, passion and attitude you are only presenting by rote.

  • No... we can learn by trial and error

  • So why would we need an instructor?

    • Efficiency

    • Provide a safe, controlled environment

    • Helps guide the student through the learning process


Elements of teaching
Elements of Teaching techniques, passion and attitude you are only presenting by rote.

  • Theory

  • Formulas

  • Philosophy

Let’s bring someone up to finish this presentation



Preparation
Preparation lecture?


No substitute for being prepared
No Substitute for Being Prepared lecture?

  • An inexperienced instructor who is well prepared and organized

  • Will do a better job of helping students learn than the best instructor who is unprepared to teach


Organizing your teaching the first steps
Organizing Your lecture? TeachingThe first steps

  • Schedule

  • Outline

  • Lesson Plan


1 schedule
1. Schedule lecture?

  • A list of times of departures and arrivals; a timetable:

  • A plan for performing work or achieving an objective, specifying the order and allotted time for each part:


2 outline
2. Outline lecture?

  • A general description covering the:

    • main points of a subject

    • key points of the lesson

    • order the topics are presented


3 lesson plan
3. Lesson lecture? Plan

  • A period of instruction; a classroom session.

  • Should include:

    • Introduction

    • Presentation or Body

    • Summary



Tomi pasta

T lecture?

O

M

I

P

A

S

T

A

itle

bjective

aterials

ntroduction

resentation

pplication

ummary

est

ssignments

TOMI PASTA

  • Putting a Lesson Together


Elements of executing the plan
Elements of lecture? Executing the Plan

  • Stay Organized

  • Know the Subject

  • Be Familiar with the Presentation

  • Use Technique

    • Tools of the Trade

  • Practice and Polish


Stay organized
Stay Organized lecture?

  • Follow the schedule

  • Follow the outline

  • Review training materials prior to use

  • Check training aids to make sure they work


Knowing the subject
Knowing the Subject lecture?

  • Personal Experience

  • Reference Material

  • Formal Training

  • You teach a small part of what you need to know


Be familiar with the presentation
Be Familiar with the Presentation lecture?

  • Preview the material

  • Practice run the presentation

  • Be familiar with training aids


Use techniques

Laws of Learning lecture?

Readiness

Intensity

Primacy

Exercise

Effect

Recency

Use Techniques


Use techniques1

Simple to Complex lecture?

Known to Unknown

Kiss Principle

Enthusiasm is Contagious

People learn from positive feedback

Use Techniques


Tools of the trade

Voice lecture?

Three P’s

pitch, pace and pause

The uhm’s, ah’s, and ok’s

Grammar: Use it correctly

Profanity: Don’t use it at all

Slang & Technical terms

Communicate so people get it!

Tools of the Trade


Tools of the trade1

Hands lecture?

Gestures

Objects of distraction

Pens, pointers, keys

Arms folded or hands in pockets

Tools of the Trade


Tools of the trade2

Eye Contact lecture?

Body Language (video)

posture

pacing

Sitting

Teaching Notes

trigger words

time keeping

Tools of the Trade


Tools of the trade3

Training Aids lecture?

What is the purpose of training aids?

Training Aids should enhance the presentation

They help to make learning easier

If used properly they can make a good presentation GREAT!

Tools of the Trade

  • If not used correctly…



Practice and polish
Practice and Polish lecture?

  • Law of Exercise

    • The more we do something, the better we do it

  • How you dress for a presentation

  • Friendly & Enthusiastic

  • Use analogies that people understand



Testing the objectives
Testing the objectives lecture?

  • List one reason a scuba instructor is needed?

  • Name three techniques that can help make you an effective scuba instructor?


Underwater instructors certification course1
Underwater Instructors Certification Course lecture?

Los Angeles County

Teaching Theory and Methods

Questions


Underwater instructors certification course2
Underwater Instructors Certification Course lecture?

Los Angeles County

Confined WaterTeaching



What is the difference between classroom and pool sessions
What is the difference between Classroom and Pool Sessions? lecture?

  • Classroom sessions are lessons with almost all lecture.

  • Pool sessions are also lessons, but with almost all activity.

  • If students are idle for more than a few minutes…

    Something is wrong


What is a new instructor s strength
What is a new instructor’s strength? lecture?

  • A new instructor may lack teaching experience

  • So what tools can they pull from the box?

    • Watermanship

    • The ability to demonstrate

    • Organization


Structure of a pool session
Structure of a Pool Session lecture?

  • Briefing

  • Skill Introduction

  • Skill Practice and Evaluation

  • Skill Review and Transition

  • Debriefing


Briefing
Briefing lecture?

  • Short, concise and written down

    • Underwater Slate


Introduction of the skill
Introduction of the Skill lecture?

  • Importance

  • Objective

  • General Sequence

  • KISS


Skill practice and evaluation
Skill Practice and Evaluation lecture?

  • Organized

  • Clear accurate demonstration

  • Effective use of time

  • Adequate student participation

  • Skill evaluation and improvement


Skill review and transition
Skill Review and Transition lecture?

  • Evaluation of the students performance communicated

  • Key point reviewed

  • Praise for good performance

    • Praise loudly and correct softly

  • Debriefing


Organize and control
Organize and Control lecture?

  • What are the most important things when teaching a pool session?

  • Get them ready for the ocean

  • Safety


Controlling the group
Controlling the Group lecture?

  • Use clear concise instructions

  • Key phrases for important actions

  • Use assistants


Use the pool layout
Use the Pool Layout lecture?

  • On the deck put the instructor between the pool and the students

  • Have the students work in buddy pairs

  • Formations

    • Shallow end

    • Deep end


Moving the group
Moving the Group lecture?

  • Donning and removing equipment

    • Buddy teams

    • Equipment check

  • Entries and exits

  • From the shallow end to the deep end


During the skill demonstrations
During the Skill Demonstrations lecture?

  • Are the students:

    • Safe

    • Comfortable

  • Can they see?

  • Are they having fun?


Final notes for confined water
Final Notes for Confined Water lecture?

  • Less talking more doing

  • Demonstrate and let the students practice

  • Are they comfortable and can you see their eyes?

  • Remember, scuba diving is fun!


Underwater instructors certification course3
Underwater Instructors Certification Course lecture?

Los Angeles County

Confined WaterTeaching

Questions


Elements of grading
Elements of Grading lecture?

  • Score

  • Criteria

    • Classroom

    • Confined Water

    • Openwater

  • Elements of your scores


Evaluating leadership and instructional performance
Evaluating Leadership and Instructional Performance lecture?

  • Reasonable

  • Understandable

  • Measurable

  • Behavior oriented

  • Agreed upon


Evaluating leadership and instructional performance continued

Scoring system lecture?

Evaluating Leadership and Instructional Performance (continued)


Evaluating leadership and instructional performance continued1
Evaluating Leadership and Instructional Performance (continued)

  • Classroom teaching presentation evaluation criteria

    • Introduction

      • [4] Was an attention-gaining step used?

      • [3] Was the importance or value of the presentation well established?

      • [3] Was what students should be able to do at the end of the lesson and how well they should be able to do it (objectives) presented?

      • [3] Were the main points of the lesson outlined?


Evaluating leadership and instructional performance continued2
Evaluating Leadership and Instructional Performance (continued)

  • Classroom teaching presentation evaluation criteria (continued)

    • Body

      • [3] Was the lesson organized and did it follow a logical progression?

      • [3] Was the information presented safe and correct?

      • [3] Were training aids used effectively?

      • [3] Did the instructor involve the students in the lesson, hold their attention, and control the class?

      • [3] Was the estimated time of the lesson used effectively to reach the learning objectives?

      • [4] Was the topic presented enthusiastically?

      • [4] Was continuing education promoted?

      • [4] Was all terminology completely correct?

      • [5] Was the presentation innovative?

      • [5] Was the presentation polished and professional?


Evaluating leadership and instructional performance continued3
Evaluating Leadership and Instructional Performance (continued)

  • Classroom teaching presentation evaluation criteria (continued)

    • Summary

      • [3] Was there a review of the main points of the lesson?

      • [3] Were the key points of the lesson emphasized?

      • [4] Were the learning objectives tested?


Evaluating leadership and instructional performance continued4
Evaluating Leadership and Instructional Performance (continued)

  • Confined water teaching presentation criteria

    • Skill introduction

      • [3] Was the importance or value established?

      • [3] Was a statement of student performance objectives made?

      • [3] Was the general sequence of the activity provided?


Evaluating leadership and instructional performance continued5
Evaluating Leadership and Instructional Performance (continued)

  • Confined water teaching presentation criteria (continued)

    • Skill Practice and Evaluation

      • [3] Was the exercise organized, safe, and controlled?

      • [3] Was there a clear and accurate demonstration?

      • [3] Was practice time efficient and observed?

      • [3] Were skill deficiencies and errors identified and prescriptive coaching and remedial practice provided for?

      • [3] Was there adequate student participation vs. passive listening or watching?

      • [4] Was good use made of assistant(s)?

      • [4] Was the exercise conducted enthusiastically?

      • [4] Were appropriate games used effectively?

      • [5] Was the presentation imaginative and innovative?

      • [5] Was the exercise polished, smooth, and professional?


Evaluating leadership and instructional performance continued6
Evaluating Leadership and Instructional Performance (continued)

  • Confined water teaching presentation criteria (continued)

    • Skill Transition

      • [3] Were evaluations of student performance communicated to students?

      • [3] Were key points identified?

      • [4] Was good performance praised?

      • [5] Were suggestions for practice and improvement made?


Evaluating leadership and instructional performance continued7
Evaluating Leadership and Instructional Performance (continued)

  • Open water teaching presentation criteria

    • Briefing

      • [3] Was a statement of training objectives provided?

      • [3] Were clear, concise instructions and a general sequence of activity provided?

      • [3] Were safety precautions and signals covered


Evaluating leadership and instructional performance continued8
Evaluating Leadership and Instructional Performance (continued)

  • Open water teaching presentation criteria (continued)

    • Activity

      • [3] Was the activity organized, safe, and controlled?

      • [3] Were NAUI standards met?

      • [3] Was the activity time efficient and observed?

      • [3] Were skill deficiencies and errors identified, corrected, and remedial practice provided for?

      • [3] Were communications effective?

      • [4] Was good use made of assistants?

      • [4] Was the dive enjoyable?

      • [5] Was the conduct of the activity smooth and professional?


Evaluating leadership and instructional performance continued9
Evaluating Leadership and Instructional Performance (continued)

  • Open water teaching presentation criteria (continued)

    • Debriefing

      • [3] Was the debriefing organized and effective?

      • [3] Were evaluations of student performance communicated to students?

      • [3] Were the key points identified?

      • [3] Was good performance praised?

      • [3] Were problems identified and suggestions for practice and improvement made?

      • [4] Was there enthusiasm throughout the presentation?


Conducting performance reviews in leadership and instructor courses
Conducting Performance Reviews in Leadership and Instructor Courses

  • Review elements

    • Score

    • Survey

    • Suggestions to improve


Conducting performance reviews in leadership and instructor courses continued
Conducting Performance Reviews in Leadership and Instructor Courses (continued)

  • Survey

    • Mechanics

    • Substance

    • Style


Conducting performance reviews in leadership and instructor courses continued1
Conducting Performance Reviews in Leadership and Instructor Courses (continued)

  • Suggestions to improve

  • Additional Methods of Critique

    • Training Team

    • Training Team with Staff

    • Audio and/or video recording



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