Writing Learning Objectives: Beginning With The End In Mind. “If you don’t know where you’re going, how do you know when you’ve arrived?”. GOAL vs OBJECTIVE The terms “goal” and “objective” are sometimes used interchangeably. This is wrong! They are different…. Goal. Definition
“If you don’t know where you’re going,
how do you know when you’ve arrived?”
The terms “goal” and “objective” are sometimes used interchangeably.
This is wrong! They are different…
A statement that describes in broad terms what the learner will gain from instruction
Students will gain an appreciation of modern art.
Goals are broad statements and sometimes difficult to measure. The important thing about goals is that they help us focus on the big picture.
A statement in specific and measurable terms that describes what the learner will know or be able to do as a result of instruction
Students will list three characteristics of modern art.
A learning objective is much more specific than a goal and includes: a measurable verb, important condition under which the performance is to occur, and the criterion of acceptable performance.
Objectives are statements which describe what the learner is expected to achieve as a result of instruction.
Other terms you will see for learning objective:
“The goal is where we want to be. The objectives are the steps needed to get there.”
Stiggins—Chapter 3 pages 53-60
the teaching-learning process. In other words,
you know your destination when you begin
instruction. They answer the question, “What
are the students supposed to know or be able
to do after the lesson is completed?”
assessment. Assessment is, after all, an
effort to determine to what extent student
have reached or achieved the objectives.
Objectives should NOT describe what the
teacher does during the lesson (instructional
strategies or methods). They may or may not
overlap with the students’ activities, but they
ultimately should describe what the student is
able to do after the learning.
What the student should be able to do following instruction
Test, assignment, project—whatever form evaluation takes, it should measure the student’s accomplishment of the learning targets
The things the student does to learn (lecture, experiment)