Writing learning objectives beginning with the end in mind
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Writing Learning Objectives: Beginning With The End In Mind. “If you don’t know where you’re going, how do you know when you’ve arrived?”. GOAL vs OBJECTIVE The terms “goal” and “objective” are sometimes used interchangeably. This is wrong! They are different…. Goal. Definition

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Writing Learning Objectives: Beginning With The End In Mind

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Writing learning objectives beginning with the end in mind

Writing Learning Objectives:Beginning With The End In Mind

“If you don’t know where you’re going,

how do you know when you’ve arrived?”


Writing learning objectives beginning with the end in mind

GOAL

vs

OBJECTIVE

The terms “goal” and “objective” are sometimes used interchangeably.

This is wrong! They are different…


Writing learning objectives beginning with the end in mind

Goal

Definition

A statement that describes in broad terms what the learner will gain from instruction

Example

Students will gain an appreciation of modern art.

Clarification

Goals are broad statements and sometimes difficult to measure. The important thing about goals is that they help us focus on the big picture.


Objective

Objective

Definition

A statement in specific and measurable terms that describes what the learner will know or be able to do as a result of instruction

Example

Students will list three characteristics of modern art.

Clarification

A learning objective is much more specific than a goal and includes: a measurable verb, important condition under which the performance is to occur, and the criterion of acceptable performance.


Definition

Definition

Objectives are statements which describe what the learner is expected to achieve as a result of instruction.

Other terms you will see for learning objective:

  • Behavioral objectives

  • Outcomes

  • Educational objectives

  • Performance objectives

  • Instructional objectives

  • Learning Target

  • Competencies


Writing learning objectives beginning with the end in mind

“The goal is where we want to be. The objectives are the steps needed to get there.”


What s the purpose

What’s The Purpose?!?

  • Benefits to Teachers

  • Benefits to Students

  • Benefits to Parents

    Stiggins—Chapter 3 pages 53-60


Purposes of objectives

Purposes of Objectives--

  • They provide the teacher with the focus of

    the teaching-learning process. In other words,

    you know your destination when you begin

    instruction. They answer the question, “What

    are the students supposed to know or be able

    to do after the lesson is completed?”


Purposes of objectives1

Purposes of Objectives

  • They provide a clear framework for

    assessment. Assessment is, after all, an

    effort to determine to what extent student

    have reached or achieved the objectives.


Purposes of objectives2

Purposes of Objectives

  • They provide the students direction and a focus for learning. Students have a better opportunity to stay the course when they know the purpose of the learning.


What objectives are not designed to do

What objectives are NOT designed to do…

Objectives should NOT describe what the

teacher does during the lesson (instructional

strategies or methods). They may or may not

overlap with the students’ activities, but they

ultimately should describe what the student is

able to do after the learning.


Interrelationship

Interrelationship

What the student should be able to do following instruction

Test, assignment, project—whatever form evaluation takes, it should measure the student’s accomplishment of the learning targets

The things the student does to learn (lecture, experiment)


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