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Adolescent Identity Formation. On the Conceptualization of Identity. Erickson’s Stages Childhood Trust Autonomy Initiative and ambition Industry and competence Adolescence 5. Identity formation Adulthood 6. Intimacy 7. Generativity 8. Integrity. What is Identity: Erikson.

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On the conceptualization of identity
On the Conceptualization of Identity

  • Erickson’s Stages

    Childhood

    • Trust

    • Autonomy

    • Initiative and ambition

    • Industry and competence

      Adolescence

      5. Identity formation

      Adulthood

      6. Intimacy

      7. Generativity

      8. Integrity


What is identity erikson
What is Identity: Erikson

  • Conscious sense of individual uniqueness

  • Striving for continuity of experience

  • Solidarity from group ideals

  • The Charge: such definitions are vague, unsystematic, too colloquial.


Marcia 1966 identity commitments
Marcia (1966) Identity Commitments

  • Identity is construed as committing to a particular vocation, sexuality, religion, political ideology, etc…

  • There is a progression of commitment “types” and “trying on” of commitments


The identity process
The Identity Process

  • Adolescence

    • Identity-diffused: no strong commitment and not seeking one

    • Foreclosed: strong commitments but adopted from one’s parents or others blindly

      Identity Crisis: Unstable state—moratorium: One has no commitments but is seeking to make them.


Resolution from moratorium
Resolution from Moratorium

  • Two paths:

    • Identity-achieved (positive, relatively stable state): you commit.

    • Identity-diffused (negative, complex): you fail to commit.


Revisiting the definition
Revisiting the Definition

  • Possible components

    • Agency

    • Rationality

    • Singularity

    • Continuity


Process model of identity formation grotevant 1987
Process Model of Identity Formation: Grotevant (1987)

  • Exploration and Commitment

    • Scientific self-theorists

    • Dogmatic self-theorists

    • Ad hoc self-theorists

      Correlates well with typology of Marcia


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