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Wireless Characterization for NIST PAP#2. Date: 2009-09-21. Authors:. Smart Grid Workshop. NIST FrameWork Plan – Nada Golmie– 35 min 15-09-0767 r1 Special Milestones/dates Sept 19 Framework Announcement for Phase 2 PAP#2 – Bruce Kraemer– 10 min 11-09-1199 r0 Wireless feature chart

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Wireless Characterization for NIST PAP#2

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Wireless characterization for nist pap 2

Wireless Characterization for NIST PAP#2

Date: 2009-09-21

Authors:

Bruce Kraemer, Marvell


Smart grid workshop

Smart Grid Workshop

NIST FrameWork Plan – Nada Golmie– 35 min 15-09-0767 r1

  • Special Milestones/dates

  • Sept 19 Framework Announcement for Phase 2

    PAP#2 – Bruce Kraemer– 10 min 11-09-1199 r0

  • Wireless feature chart

  • Work Plan

    P2030 & Zigbee Summary – Bob Heile - 15 min 15-09-0770 r0

  • Goals & Status

  • Work Schedule

    More IEEE

  • Phil Beecher – 15.4g 15-09-0769 r0 10 min

  • Jim Raab – 802 Opportunities and Next Steps 11-09-1201 r0 20 min

Bruce Kraemer, Marvell


Rationale for paps

Rationale for PAPs

  • National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is proposing a set of priorities for developing standards necessary to build an interoperable Smart Grid. Among the criteria for inclusion on this initial list were immediacy of need, relevance to high-priority, availability of existing standards to respond to the need, state of the deployment of affected technologies, and estimated time frame to achieve an effective solution.

  • To facilitate timely and effective responses to these needs, NIST has drafted a preliminary Priority Action Plan (PAP) for each need. The PAPs are intended to scope out problem areas and to begin clarifying the steps required for achieving solutions.

  • PAPs are intended to facilitate progress, which includes more detailed definition of needs and identifying the appropriate actions and actors for accomplishing modifications or enhancements to standards as well as the harmonization required. These are key objectives of August 3-4, 2009, workshop convened by NIST, with assistance from the Electric Power Research Institute.

Bruce Kraemer, Marvell


Pap 2

PAP #2

2 What: Wireless Communications for the Smart Grid (6.1.5)

2.1 Abstract:

This work area investigates the strengths, weaknesses, capabilities, and constraints of existing and emerging standards-based physical media for wireless communications. The approach is to work with the appropriate standard development organizations (SDOs) to determine the characteristics of each technology for Smart Grid application areas and types. Results are used to assess the appropriateness of wireless communications technologies for meeting Smart Grid applications.

2.2 Description:

Review existing documentation and ongoing work to assess the capabilities and weaknesses of wireless technologies operating in both licensed and unlicensed bands and to develop guidelines on their use for different Smart Grid application requirements.

2.3 Objectives:

  • Identify requirements for use of wireless technologies for the Smart Grid.

  • Identify guidelines for effectively, safely, and securely employing wireless technologies for the Smart Grid.

  • Identify approaches to define the strengths and weaknesses of candidate wireless technologies to assist Smart Grid design decisions.

  • Analyze co-channel interference issues and develop coexistence guidelines for operation in unlicensed bands.

  • Identify key issues to be addressed in wireless assessments and development for the Smart Grid.

    2.4 Why:

    Wireless technologies are one of many types of media that could meet many Smart Grid requirements by enabling access where other media are too costly or otherwise not workable. However, different types of wireless technologies also have different availability, time-sensitivity, and security characteristics that may constrain what applications they are suitable for. Therefore, different wireless technologies must be used with knowledge of their varying capabilities and weaknesses in all plausible conditions of operation. This work provides objective information on the appropriateness of use.

Bruce Kraemer, Marvell


Pap 2 what 1 of 7

PAP #2- What (1 of 7)

http://www.nist.gov/smartgrid/paps/2-Guidelines_for_Wireless.pdf

  • PAP#2 Description

  • What: Guidelines for the use of wireless communications for different smart grid applications (6.1.5 Communications Interference in Unlicensed Radio Spectrums)

  • (6.1.5)

  • 2.1 Abstract:

  • This work area investigates the strengths, weaknesses, capabilities, and constraints of existing and emerging standards-based physical media for wireless communications. The approach is to work with the appropriate standard development organizations (SDOs) to determine the characteristics of each technology for Smart Grid application areas and types. Results are used to assess the appropriateness of wireless communications technologies for meeting Smart Grid applications.

Bruce Kraemer, Marvell


Pap 2 description 2 of 7

PAP #2- Description (2 of 7)

  • 2.2 Description:

  • Review existing documentation and ongoing work to assess the capabilities and weaknesses of wireless technologies operating in both licensed and unlicensed bands and to develop guidelines on their use for different Smart Grid application requirements.

Bruce Kraemer, Marvell


Pap 2 objectives 3 of 7

PAP #2- Objectives (3 of 7)

  • 2.3 Objectives:

  • Identify requirements for use of wireless technologies for the Smart Grid.

  • Identify guidelines for effectively, safely, and securely employing wireless technologies for the Smart Grid.

  • Identify approaches to define the strengths and weaknesses of candidate wireless technologies to assist Smart Grid design decisions.

  • Analyze co-channel interference issues and develop coexistence guidelines for operation in unlicensed bands.

  • Identify key issues to be addressed in wireless assessments and development for the Smart Grid.

Bruce Kraemer, Marvell


Pap 2 why 4 of 7

PAP #2 WHY (4 of 7)

  • 2.4 Why:

  • Wireless technologies are one of many types of media that could meet many Smart Grid requirements by enabling access where other media are too costly or otherwise not workable. However, different types of wireless technologies also have different availability, time-sensitivity, and security characteristics that may constrain what applications they are suitable for. Therefore, different wireless technologies must be used with knowledge of their varying capabilities and weaknesses in all plausible conditions of operation. This work provides objective information on the appropriateness of use.

Bruce Kraemer, Marvell


Pap 2 where 5 of 7

PAP #2 – Where (5 of 7)

  • 2.5 Where:

  • Wireless can be used in field environments across the Smart Grid including generation plants, transmission systems, substations, distribution systems, and customer premises communications. The choice of wireless or non-wireless, as well as type of wireless must be made with knowledge of the appropriate use of the technology.

Bruce Kraemer, Marvell


Pap 2 tasks 1 to 3 6 of 7

PAP #2 Tasks 1 to 3 (6 of 7)

  • Tasks:

  • 1) Segment the SG domains into different wireless environments/groups that could use similar sets of requirements.

    • Responsible: IEEE 802 (Bruce Kraemer, Roger Marks, Mark Kelerer, Phil Beecher) will organize with support from P2030. OpenSG will serve as a reviewer.

  • Date: TBD* –

  • 2) Develop a common set of terminology and definitions used by wireless and smart grid communities

    • Responsible: same participants as task 1

  • 3) Compile and communicate Smart Grid requirements and use cases in a standardized format mapped into categories identified in task 1

    • Responsible: OpenSG (Chris Knudsen UCAiug) in coordination with EPRI and DOE clearinghouse, to be reviewed by P2030

Bruce Kraemer, Marvell


Pap 2 tasks 4 to 7 7 of 7

PAP #2 Tasks 4 to 7 (7 of 7)

Tasks:

  • 4) Create an attribute list and performance metrics for wireless standards

    • Responsible: IEEE 802

  • 5) Create an inventory of wireless technologies based on the metric develops in task 4 to be filled by each SDO.

    • Responsible: Each SDO, OpenSG to assemble input and solicit expertise from other SDOs (www.ucaiug.org)

  • 6) Perform the mapping and conduct an evaluation of the wireless technologies based on the criteria and metrics developed in task 4.

  • Identify gaps where appropriate.

    • Responsible: OpenSG with coordination from other SDOs

Bruce Kraemer, Marvell


Pap 2 task 4

PAP#2, Task #4

Create an attribute list and performance metrics for wireless standards

  • Introductory Discussion topics

  • Which ISO layers to Consider

    • 1& 2 only?

    • Application layer?

  • Collection of Characteristics

    • In Scope

    • Out of Scope

    • Applicable to most/all technologies

    • Hierarchy/ Grouping

    • Primary/Derived

    • Choice of terms/ Definition of terms

    • Examples and units of measure

Bruce Kraemer, Marvell


Initial spreadsheet

Initial spreadsheet

Bruce Kraemer, Marvell


Task 5

Task #5

  • Pass on to SDOs for completion of column

  • Expected response date Dec 6

  • ATIS

  • ISA

  • IEEE 802

Bruce Kraemer, Marvell


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