Electric motor and dynamo
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Electric Motor and Dynamo. Inventor: Michael Faraday. Michael Faraday. Renowned physicist and chemist Best known for the discovery of electromagnetic induction and the first two laws of electrolysis

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Electric Motor and Dynamo

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Electric motor and dynamo

Electric Motor and Dynamo


Inventor michael faraday

Inventor: Michael Faraday


Michael faraday

Michael Faraday

  • Renowned physicist and chemist

  • Best known for the discovery of electromagnetic induction and the first two laws of electrolysis

    • 1st law: the amount of chemical change produced by a current is proportional to the quantity of electricity passed

    • 2nd law: the quantities of substances liberated or deposited of the electrode by the passage of a given quantity of electricity (current) are proportional to the chemical equivalent weights of those substances


Electric motor and dynamo

  • 1821: Built two devices to produce what he called electromagnetic rotation:

    • Continuous circular motion from the circular magnetic force around a wire

  • 1831: using induction ring he discovered the electromagnetic induction: the generation of electricity in a wire by means of the electromagnetic effect

    • This induction ring was the first electric transformer


Electric motor and dynamo

  • September 1831: discovered magneto-electric induction:

    • Attached two wires through a sliding contact to a copper disc, he rotated the disc between the poles of a horseshoe magnet and obtained a continuous direct current

    • This was the first generator

  • 1832: he proved that the electricity induced from a magnet, voltaic energy produced by a battery, and static electricity are all the same

  • He was also partly responsible for coining terms such as electrode, cathode and ion.

  • Gave his name to the farad, originally describing a unit of electrical charge but later a unit of electrical capacitance.


Historical survey

Historical Survey


Jedlik s dynamo

Jedlik’s Dynamo

  • 1827

  • Hungarian physicist AnyosJedlik

  • Experimentation with electromagnetic rotating devices called self rotators

  • Siemens and Wheatstone


Faraday s law and disc

Faraday’s Law and Disc

  • 1831-1832

  • Law: an electromotive force is generated in an electrical conductor that encircles a varying magnetic flux.

  • First electromagnetic generator called Faraday Disc


Hippolyte pixii

HippolytePixii

  • First official dynamo

  • Industrial sized companies

  • Commutator

  • Discovery of DC electric motor, AC alternator, AC synchrononous and rotary converter.


Basic functions of electric motor and dynamo

BASIC FUNCTIONS OF ELECTRIC MOTOR AND DYNAMO


Electric motor

Electric Motor

  • Converts electrical energy into mechanical energy

  • Operates through magnetic fields and conductors to generate force


Electric motor1

Electric Motor

  • When an electric current is passed through a wire loop in a magnetic field, the loop will rotate and the rotating motion is transmitted to a shaft providing useful mechanical work.


Electric motor2

Electric Motor

  • Used for:

    • Pump impeller

    • Fan

    • Lifting materials


Dynamo

Dynamo

  • Produces electrical energy from mechanical energy

  • Another name is electrical generator


Dynamo1

Dynamo

  • First electrical generators capable of delivering power for industry


Dynamo2

Dynamo

  • Uses rotating coils of wire and magnetic fields to convert mechanical rotation into a pulsing direct electric current.


Construction and parts

Construction and Parts


Stator

Stator

  • 2 Permanent Magnets

Housing


Rotor

Rotor

  • Also know as the armature.


Other electric motors

Other Electric Motors

  • http://www.wisc-online.com/objects/ViewObject.aspx?ID=IAU9508


Types of motors

Types of Motors

AC

DC

Universal Motors


Dc motors

DC Motors

Direct current

Brush motor

Angular momentum

Brushless motor

Rotating switch

Used for refined speed


Ac motors

AC Motors

Alternating current

Synchronous motors

Rotor and alignment of stator field

Asynchronous motors

“Slips”


Universal motors

Universal Motors

AC and DC

Higher watt motor


The future

The Future


The future1

The Future

  • Decreases in Size

  • Nanometer; molecular motors

  • 1/60,000 as thick as human hair


The e lectric vehicle

The Electric Vehicle

  • Trying to develop the self sufficient vehicle

  • Tesla motorcars

  • Hybrid motor and electric vehicles


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