Reallocating Distribution Upgrade Costs for Farm Digester Projects. by Ed Cubero , Sam Harms, Sam Shannon University of Wisconsin-Madison. Dairy Industry in Wisconsin. 141,000 jobs $5.2 billion in annual sales $26.5 billion economic impact
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Ed Cubero, Sam Harms, Sam Shannon
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Source: Hallmark Power Ltd.
MISO 30-Day Rolling Average LMP ($/MWh)
Source: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
Price of Nonferrous Wires and Cables (Index)
Source: U.S. Dept. of Labor
“A Category 2, 3, or 4 DG facility shall include…Other equipment, such as other protective devices, supervisory control and alarms, telemetry and associated communications channel, that the public utility determines to be necessary.”
“The public utility may recover from the applicant an amount up to the actual cost, for labor and parts, of any distribution system upgrades required.”
1) Utility option
2) Net metering option
3) Transmission utility option
4)Operating lease option