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Course: Government Process Re-engineering Day 1. Session 2: Understanding Government Processes & Service Quality. Agenda. Overview of e-Governance project lifecycle & role for GPR GPR & e-Governance versus IT enablement Defining Service Quality

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Course: Government Process Re-engineering Day 1

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Course government process re engineering day 1

  • Course:

  • Government Process Re-engineering

  • Day 1

  • Session 2: Understanding Government Processes & Service Quality


    Agenda

    Agenda

    Overview of e-Governance project lifecycle & role for GPR

    GPR & e-Governance versus IT enablement

    Defining Service Quality

    Classroom exercise on identifying Service Quality components


    Introduction to e governance

    Introduction to e-Governance

    What is e-Governance ?

    Ministry of Information Technology defines e-Governance as “… the application of Information Technology to processes of government functioning to bring about a Simple, Moral, Accountable, Responsive and Transparent governance”*

    Most e-Governance projects focus towards taking existing Government Services and leveraging technology to delivering the services to the customer

    At a reduced costs & effort

    With enhanced transparency & control

    In a faster time-frame


    Traditional approach to e governance

    Traditional Approach to e-Governance

    IT enablement of exiting process… (What minimum one can achieve)

    Automation of existing processes through the use of IT

    Making services of the department available online

    e.g. Providing e-forms for submission of applications, File Management System

    The process remains the same, but is carried out electronically

    IT enablement has its advantages…

    Easier to implement, with no or minimal legal changes

    Provides easier status updates, real time MIS, anytime / anywhere service etc

    But IT enablement alone may not be enough in many cases…


    Traditional approach may not be sufficient

    Traditional Approach may not be sufficient…

    The Government process itself might be inefficient !

    Processes are designed in accordance with the legislation governing that particular domain in that particular period

    Some of these Legislations may be old and antiquated

    Basis of the legal system is to put in controls, and not better service delivery

    Acts are department-centric, not citizen-centric

    Rules are complex and tedious

    10,000 rules, 0.1 million forms!


    Legislative intent and process problems

    Legislative intent and process problems….

    • Mindset & attitudinal problems

    • Delivery Agents unsuitable

    • Lack of empowerment of front-end people

    • Lack of dedicated delivery teams

    • Delivery is handled on a part-time basis

    • Lack of service levels, measurement systems

    • Legislation was well intentioned and relevant at the time it was drafted

    • Focused more on control and ensuring compliance, rather than service delivery

    • Rules added along the way, making the legal framework complex and tedious

    • Asking for too much information

    • Burden of proof thrown on Citizen

    • Complexity of rules & regulations (Anything to do with money is more complex!)

    • Heavy reliance on manual systems

    • No concept of Quality Assurance

    • Jurisdiction (too many ‘narrow domestic walls!’)

    • Restricted timings

    • Disparate and sub-optimal delivery networks

    • No choice of delivery channels

    • Process & Delivery Channel often combined resulting in delay, malpractice


    The constraints when the process was designed may not be applicable anymore

    The constraints when the process was designed may not be applicable anymore…

    Many processes are designed with manual / non-ICT constraints in mind

    Many of these constraints may not be applicable anymore, with advances in IT..

    e.g. During Registration of property transactions, registration department can check Ownership and extent information (available at the Survey office) online – eliminates the need for registering party visiting survey department to update ownership change

    Processes were defined with compliance and control in mind, and not enhanced service delivery..

    Re-engineering the process through GPR allows for process redesign to leverage the benefits of ICT rather than just replicating existing processes


    Gpr and it are tools to achieving a larger goal

    GPR and IT are tools to achieving a larger goal…

    • The larger goal for GPR and IT enablement is enhancing service delivery, better governance etc

  • These goals can be achieved by:

    • IT enablement (IT) alone

      • Replicating existing (manual) processes in IT systems

      • e.g. calculating fees using software tools rather than calculator

    • Government Process Re-engineering

      • Redesigning processes to improve performance measures

      • e.g. single window approval for issue of approvals

    • Both IT enablement and GPR

      • Leveraging new processes and technology

      • e.g. self-service railway ticket booking through IRCTC

    • It can be neither IT enablement nor GPR

      • Offering new services

      • e.g. SMS flood alerts in Mumbai during monsoon season


  • Understanding business processes 1 of 3

    Understanding Business Processes (1 of 3)

    • Every government service is supported by a set of business processes, which provides approach and guidance to deliver the service

    • But what is a process/business process/government process?

      • Business system is a collection of processes that take one or more inputs and create output that is of value to all stakeholders

      • Business processes move information and / or materials across several units and functions, to accomplish a specific end result


    Understanding business processes 2 of 3

    Understanding Business Processes (2 of 3)


    Understanding business processes 3 of 3

    Understanding Business Processes (3 of 3)

    • G2C Service: Providing a Passport to a Citizen

    • Process: all activities carried out by Citizen, Government & its agencies

      • From: Receipt of a passport application form

      • To: Delivery of Passport / Communication of Rejection

  • Sub-Process: The Passport process can be sub-divided into

    • Passport Application Collection

      • Document Verification

      • Fees Collection

    • Passport Processing

    • Passport Delivery

  • Activity: various steps in the process, e.g.

    • Receipt Issuance: Printing a receipt for the Fee collected


  • Understanding quality in government services

    Understanding ‘Quality’ in Government Services

    The answer is NO`

    • Information is correct or not?

      • Name & Photo are correct

      • Personal information like sex, date of birth, address etc are correct

      • The passport is stamped / signed and is valid

      • Physical passport is as expected

      • Not torn or damaged

    • Does not have pages missing / has correct number of pages

  • But even if all of the above are correct, does that mean that we have met the “Service Quality” parameters for the passport?


  • So what else is important the entire passport issuance process as seen by the citizen

    So what else is important?… The entire Passport Issuance Process as seen by the citizen

    Time

    Cost

    Customer Experience

    • What if

      • Citizen waits for hours in queue (despite having an appointment)

      • Receives the passport six weeks after dispatch

      • The police verification is delayed

      • Citizen has to come multiple times to log in application

      • Citizen needs to use an agent to get hassle-free service

      • Citizen is asked to pay extra money to get it processed fast

      • Citizen faces rude behavior by the Security guards / counter staff

      • Citizen does not get correct information from helpline/inquiry counter

      • Counter accepts incomplete form and rejects it later

      • Counter does not accept documents defined in the requirement checklist (e.g. letter from Army Officer)

      • The passport is sent to wrong address / person


    So what else is important the entire passport issuance process as seen by the citizen1

    So what else is important?… The entire Passport Issuance Process as seen by the citizen

    Time

    Service Quality comprises of the physical Product, the Time taken to deliver it, the Cost of getting the service, and Customer Experience or Service Delivery

    Cost

    Customer Experience

    • What if

      • Citizen waits for hours in queue (despite having an appointment)

      • Receives the passport six weeks after dispatch

      • The police verification is delayed

      • Citizen has to come multiple times to log in application

      • Citizen needs to use an agent to get hassle-free service

      • Citizen is asked to pay extra money to get it processed fast

      • Citizen faces rude behavior by the Security guards / counter staff

      • Citizen does not get correct information from helpline/inquiry counter

      • Counter accepts incomplete form and rejects it later

      • Counter does not accept documents defined in the requirement checklist (e.g. letter from Army Officer)

      • The passport is sent to wrong address / person


    Our customers are the only judge of whether we are a quality organization or not

    Our customers are the only judge of whether we are a Quality organization or not!

    • This means

      • Our customers decide what the specifications / standards of Quality are

        What does quality mean?

  • Service Quality is not

    • A luxury … a flavor of the month

    • Just meeting our own standards

    • Quick fixes which are short term and without any hard work

  • We need to focus upon

    • Reducing our Total costs by getting things ‘First Time Right’, every time

    • Avoiding waste by eliminating errors

    • Doing only the right things

      • Things which meet the customers’ needs, and

      • That add value not cost!


  • Key attributes of service quality in government

    Key attributes of Service Quality in Government

    • Time

      • taken for completion of service by the citizen/business

      • Taken for delivery of service by the Government

  • Cost

    • incurred in receiving the service by the citizen/business

    • Incurred by the government in delivery of service

  • Complexity (illustrative)

    • Number of forms to be filled, amount of information to be provided, number of offices to be approached…..by the citizen/business

    • Number of employees, number of approvals, number of verifications/validations to be performed by government

  • Transparency

    • Knowledge on process for delivery of service, delivery timelines, status of service request to citizen and business….


  • Role of it in gpr service quality improvement

    Role of IT in GPR/Service Quality Improvement

    Illustrative


    Service quality impacts all stakeholders which is why we need to focus on it from the point of ceo

    Service Quality impacts all Stakeholders … which is why we need to focus on it from the point of CEO

    Customer

    • Challenges in current environment

    • Citizens demanding better service delivery

    • Increasing penalties for failure

    Value For Money

    Owner

    Employee

    Return On Investment

    Respect

    CEO – Model of Quality


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