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Women’s role in World War ll. Anu, SalMa’Ma, Alex, Khue, Alicia, Azahar. Before WWII. Women in General: Women were primarily working at home and very few women did traditional men jobs. Only a quarter of women had paid jobs. Medium class: This class of women had household jobs.

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Women’s role in World War ll

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Women s role in world war ll

Women’s role in World War ll

Anu, SalMa’Ma, Alex,

Khue, Alicia, Azahar

Before wwii

Before WWII

Women in General:

  • Women were primarily working at home and very few women did traditional men jobs. Only a quarter of women had paid jobs.

  • Medium class: This class of women had household jobs.

  • Low class: this class of women had petty jobs-maids etc

  • Poor women: worked in factories(clothing factories etc), worked as prostitutes, seamstresses.

  • Received the leftover jobs that men in general didn’t want (Men>Women)

Before wwii1

Before WWII

White Women:

  • Majority of them were housewives

  • Discrimination of minorities

Before wwii2

Before WWII


  • There was severe unemployment for African Americans (men especially)

  • African Americans were underpaid

  • African Americans still witnessed discrimination

  • Japanese Americans had little forms of discriminations

  • If they were able to get a job, they would get the ones that nobody wanted (the leftovers of the leftovers of the leftovers)

  • In other words, “the struggle was real”

Women during world war ll

Women During World War ll

Rosie the Riveter

During wwll

During WWll

Women in General:

  • Replaced the men that were serving in the war

  • Dramatic increase in female employment, increased by nearly 60%

  • Became one third of paid workers in 1945 compared to the one quarter of women who were working in the 1940

  • The women were more likely to be married and older than the women who were in the workforce in the past (1 in every 4 married women were working)

  • Jobs were still categorized by gender, Male/Female work

  • Some of the prejudice against working mothers eroded away

  • Most women worked in service-sector jobs, many worked for the government as female clerks, secretaries, and typists. They were called “government girls”

  • Around 350,000 women served in the U.S. Airforce

  • Rarely did women make over 50% of the wages men got for the same jobs

  • Usually it was only the single women that tried to get jobs because married women/mothers would be homemakers.

Start of feminism

Start of Feminism

Rosie the Riveter:

- Propaganda campaign developed by the government to encourage women to go into the workforce

- 310,000 women worked in the aircraft industry, making up 65% of the workforce (compared to 1% before WWII)

- Encouraged Working women to upgrade their pay to get higher wages.

- Girls just graduating high school were recruited into the workforce.

- One of the most successful women campaigns.

- Start of Feminism

First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt:

- Encouraged General George Marshall to introduce Women branch in the military

- 350,000 women joined the U.S. Armed Forces

- 1944, encouraged by Eleanor Roosevelt, black women were welcomed into the military

During wwii

During WWII

White Women:

  • They were given permission to fly airplanes

  • “Cultural Division of Labor by Sex”

    -Placed lower to middle classed white women at home

    -Middle classed white women usually went to college, got married, then became stay at home mothers.

  • Even though women in general had limited job opportunities, white women specifically were given better job opportunities than minority women.

  • These jobs include teaching, nursing, sales, retail, and clerical work

  • White women who worked usually worked until marriage.

During wwii1

During WWII


  • WWII did not significantly improve employment for domestic working African Americans

  • Jobs were categorized by race, black women were given more “menial” tasks, and were paid at a lower rate than white women.

  • African American women were likely to find employment in railroads, canneries, and military supply facilities that paid half of other jobs given to white women in shipyards

  • Some Asian women were allowed to fly planes unlike any Japanese Americans (because of Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbour)

  • Japanese Americans (including the women) were put into internment camps

  • Japanese American Women were widely discriminated against because of the attack on Pearl Harbor

  • Eventually, in 1944, women in New York broke the color barrier. They became telephone operators.

  • Higher paid jobs usually did not go to minorities, especially to women.

  • Service to the country was widely unrecognized

After wwll

After WWll

Women in General:

  • Women were more accepted into the workforce due to the massive drain of working men.

  • In America, there was a baby boom. The birth rate dramatically increased.

  • Families had money pressure to reach their wanted income, thus more married women were in the labor force than any other time in American history.

  • The divorce rate skyrocketed as well

After wwii

After WWII

White Women:

  • Many families wanted extra money and that meant they needed a wife’s earning to be able to have the lifestyle they wanted.

  • Middle-class women felt that they needed to stay home because they were taught, women stay home and clean while men go out to work.

  • They didn’t want to have certain jobs because it was clear that home and work life needed to be separate.

After wwll1

After WWll


  • Japanese Americans got 38 million dollars in total to pay for their losses

  • A large debate ensued of if Japanese Americans (Women

    and Men) would be allowed to go home



  • American History (volume 2) -Alan Brinkleyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese-American_life_before_World_War_II

  • http://www.sfgate.com/news/article/WWII-meant-opportunity-for-many-women-oppression-2501118.php

  • http://www.nwhm.org/online-exhibits/industry/16.htm

  • http://www.history.com/topics/#ratchet-american-women-in-world-war-ii

  • http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/wwiibayarea/womenatwar.htm

  • http://www.nps.gov/pwro/collection/website/rosie.htm

  • http://tdl.org/txlor-dspace/bitstream/handle/2249.3/150/07_wartm_chng_wom_min.htm?sequence=94

  • http://www.history.com/topics/rosie-the-riveter

  • http://history.howstuffworks.com/historical-figures/rosie-riveter.htm

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