Chapter 17: Migrants We. Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno !.
“they had all come from a place of sadness and worry and defeat, and because they were all going to a new mysterious place, they huddled together they talked together; they shared their lives, their food, and the things they hoped” (264).
The power of we…
“Every night relationships that make a world, established; and every morning the world torn down like a circus” (265).
Developing their own world slowly with laws and leaders.
How has nature impacted the migrants lives so far?
What could Steinbeck be foreshadowing in this chapter?
Joads travel into Arizona
Why would the border guard ask them about plants?
What danger could the migrants having plants pose?
“Go ahead, but you better keep moving.”
Tom notices the “tough mountains” and thinks it “murder country” (278).
“But at leas’ we can starve to death with folks we know. Won’t have a bunch a fellas that hate us to starve with” (279).
“She’s a nice country. But she was stole a long time ago… the lan’slayin’ fallow. But you can’t have none of that lan’. That’s a Lan’ and Cattle Company… You go in there an’ plant you a little corn, an’ you’ll go to jail” (279).
Greed vs. hunger
Want vs. need
Shows greed: the disease of capitalism
Casy- “If he needs a million acres to make him feel rich, seems to me he needs it ‘cause he feels awful poor inside hisself, and if he’s poor in hisself, there ain’t no million acres gonna make him feel rich, an’ maybe’s disappointed that nothin’ he can do’ll make him feel rich– not rich like Mis’ Wilson was when she give her tent when Grampa died” (282).
I vs. We
Ma talking to Roseasharn, “They’s a time of change, an’ when that comes, dyin’ is a piece of all dyin’, and bearin’ is a piece of all bearin’, an’ bearin’ an’ dyin’ is two pieces of the same things. And then things ain’t lonely any more. An’ then a hurt don’t hurt so bad, ‘auseitain’t a lonely hurt no more” (286).
How are these two working class boys feeding into stereotypes. Is this an example of racism or regionalism? Do we see this today?
When the worldJoads reach California, how is their success compromised? Why did not Ma stop for Granma? What does Tom say is the reason for Grampa and Granma’s deaths?
-Ma tells them that Granma died, but she did not want to stop for Granma
doing so would have stopped the family from getting to California and their chance for survival.
-Tom eases Ma’s guilt saying they wouldn’t have made it anyway.
“A rattlesnake crawled across the road and Tom hit it and broke it and left it squirming” (314).
What does this represent?
Considering that the Joads have to pay $40 for Granma’s burial, which means they have “to start clean” how could the killing of rattlesnake be symbolic?
Want and Need
Theme of inhumanity
“How can you frighten a man whose hunger is not only in his own cramped stomach but in the wretched bellies of his children? You can’t scare him– he has known a fear beyond every other” (323).
These last few paragraph what is Steinbeck foreshadowing? Why are these men dangerous?
Stealing milk for a hungry baby. Is that a crime?
So they take their money and use it “for arms, for gas to protect the great holdings, and spies were sent to catch the murmuring of revolt so that it might be stamped out” (325).
What are they trying to stamp out? Was by weapons their only course of action?
“The great owners formed associations for protection and they met to discuss ways to intimidate, to kill, to gas. And always they were in fear of a principal– three hundred thousand– if they ever move under a leader– the end. Three hundred thousand, hungry and miserable; if they ever know themselves, the land will be theirs and all the gas, all the rifles in the world won’t stop them” (325).