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Small Animal Cats- Unit F. Competency 15.00. Use information specific to each breed to choose the best cat for a given use. Cat Breeds. Differ in color, patterns, length of hair, shape and length of ears, shape and color of eyes, head shape, body conformation, size, and disposition

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competency 15 00

Competency 15.00

Use information specific to each breed to choose the best cat for a given use.

cat breeds
Cat Breeds
  • Differ in color, patterns, length of hair, shape and length of ears, shape and color of eyes, head shape, body conformation, size, and disposition
  • For our discussions we will focus on the two major types of hair:
    • Shorthaired Breeds
    • Longhaired Breeds
objective 15 01
Objective 15.01
  • Describe major shorthaired and longhaired breeds of cats

Pictures courtesy of Google Images

  • Ruddy (orange-brown), red and blue, all ticked with darker colors at tips of each hair
  • Medium sized
    • Muscular cat
  • Almond shaped eyes
  • Very active
    • Fond of water
    • Can be taught to retrieve
american shorthair domestic shorthair
American Shorthair(Domestic Shorthair)
  • Came to US with English settlers
  • 34 recognized color patterns
    • tabby is the most common color
  • Medium to large sized
  • Affectionate
    • makes great lap cat
bombay 1958
Bombay (1958)
  • Relatively new breed resulting from Burmese x American Shorthair
    • Medium sized cat
    • Jet black
    • Copper or gold colored eyes
  • Disposition
    • Graceful, charming, and get along well with others, even strangers
british shorthair
British Shorthair
  • Oldest Natural English breed
    • Larger and taller than American Shorthair
    • Large rounded head
    • Big, round copper or gold eyes
    • Quiet, easy going, docile nature
      • likes to sleep a lot
  • Originated in the Unites States
  • 1930’s
  • Cross between Siamese x Burma
    • Medium-sized
    • Sable-brown in color with gold eyes
    • Good disposition, enjoy being held
      • Can become bossy, stubborn, and angry
cornish rex
Cornish Rex
  • Small to medium size
  • Oval eyes and curves or rippling hair coat
  • Must be kept indoors
    • lacks guard hairs to protect it from the elements
devon rex
Devon Rex
  • Resulted from feral (wild) domestic cat x cared-for stray
    • Medium sized cat with wavy hair coat
    • Large, wide-based ears are set low and distinctive to this breed
japanese bobtail
Japanese Bobtail
  • Known for calico (tortoiseshell or 3 colors)
    • Calico is some shade of black, orange (red), and white.
  • Distinctive short (bob) tail
    • Is kinked to form a “pom” or “bunny tail”
  • The tail is sensitive
    • Care must be taken to prevent injury and pain when handling the cat
  • Highly prized, rare cat of Thailand
    • Protective of family members, and reserved with strangers
  • Medium-sized cat
    • Silver blue fur tipped with silver
      • Produces a halo effect
  • Among earliest European breeds
    • result of a genetic mutation
  • Medium-sized
    • affectionate cat
    • tends to be better in one-to-one relationships
  • The BEST show Manx cats do not have a tail (rumpy)
    • others have a short tail (stumpy)
    • some have a long tail (longy)
  • Known for one-on-one devotion to one person
  • Eye color is always deep blue
  • Head forms an equilateral triangle from the nose to the tips of the ears
    • Very little pigmentation in color pattern
    • Pigmentation is darker at the points
    • Color is restricted to the points: mask, ear, foot and tip of tail
  • Medium-sized
    • very long and refined
  • Siamese cats are very unpredictable; however, they are described as talkative, loyal
  • Fearless cats of extraordinary intelligence.
  • Siamese cats are particularly sensitive to vaccinations and anesthetics
  • Small breed
  • Known for its’ quiet, shy disposition
  • Males weigh at most 6 pounds
  • Females usually weigh less than 4 pounds


Crossed with Abyssinian recessive carriers for long hair

Friendly, affectionate, prefers company, playful, very active

medium size

usually orange-brown ticked with black or red ticked with brown coat

gold or green eyes

snowshoe breed
Snowshoe Breed
  • Medium to large size
    • Similar to American Shorthair
      • white feet
    • Bright blue eyes are large, oval
    • Ears are large and broad at base
    • Wedgeshaped head
  • The mask, tail, ears, and legs are usually defined seal or blue with the masking colors covering the entire face, except for inverted white V-shaped pattern over mouth and nose
  • Canadian origin in the late 1960’s
  • Known for its tough, wrinkled hairless skin
  • Indoor cat
    • cannot survive outdoors
    • depends upon people for survival
    • Constantly purrs
  • Adores body contact and is very affectionate
  • Normal body temperature is 4°F higher than most other breeds
    • unable to store body fat
    • must eat more frequently to maintain its body temperature
balinese and javanese
Balinese and Javanese
  • Body style of Siamese, but long hair
  • Warm
  • Vocal
  • Persistent
  • Eyes are deep vivid blue
  • Sturdy cat of medium to large size
  • Long, silky coat that does not mat
    • requires little care
  • Very sociable
    • needs the company of others
  • White paws - trait
    • Eyes are round
    • Ears are medium with rounded tips
cymric longhaired manx
Cymric Longhaired Manx
  • Alert and sweet natured
  • Excellent with other pets and children
  • Large cat that is tailless
himalayan and kashmir
Himalayan and Kashmir
  • (Siamese x Persian x Birman)
  • Medium to large size
  • Persian type cat
  • Long, flowing hair coat with Siamese patterns
maine coon
Maine Coon
  • Oldest natural breed in North America
    • native American origin
  • Large-sized
    • reaches 12 -18 pounds
  • Brown tabby is the best known color
  • Lovable and friendly
    • has a tiny voice that squeaks and chirps
  • One of the oldest and most popular breeds
  • Medium to large size
    • short, compact body
    • large head
    • small rounded ears
  • Well mannered
    • easy going
    • quiet cats
  • Make good apartment cats and excellent companions
  • Require daily grooming
    • removes and knots
  • Requires regular bathing
    • removes excess oil from the coat
  • Originated in the US during the 1960’s
  • Exceptionally large
  • Heavy breed
  • Blue eyes
  • Docile, quiet, and composed
    • named because they show little signs of fear or pain
    • take a floppy posture when handled
  • Himalayan x Burmese
  • Medium size
  • Oriental style
    • essentially a long-haired Burmese
  • Follows owner like a puppy
  • Few exist in the United States
turkish angora
Turkish Angora
  • Small to medium-sized cat
  • Polite
  • Intelligent
    • very responsive
    • easily trained to perform tricks
  • Prefers a clean, almost spotless environment
objective 15 02
Objective 15.02
  • Select a cat based on qualifying characteristics
selecting a pet cat
Selecting a Pet Cat

The Cat vs. The Dog

  • Requires less care
    • independent nature
  • Lower feeding cost
    • smaller
  • Initial purchase price is less
qualities to consider
Qualities to consider
  • Adult cats are better for elderly or busy owners
  • Kittens adapt quickly
  • Females reach sexual maturity at 5 months
    • estrus cycle every three weeks
  • Friendly affectionate pets
    • “they don’t usually kill or injure small children”
qualities to consider1
Qualities to consider
  • Pedigree animals have certain characteristics
    • most cats are mixed breeds
  • Long haired breeds require frequent grooming
    • require air conditioned facilities
  • Mixed breeds are cheaper to purchase.
choosing a healthy cat
Choosing a healthy cat

1. Look for signs of health

  • Pale pink gums
  • White teeth
  • Nose should be cool and slightly damp
  • Clean glossy coat
  • Free of mats

Proper teeth cleaning can prevent the absorption of toxins and bacteria present in the mouth which can damage internal organs.

choosing a healthy cat1
Choosing a healthy cat

2. Look for signs of illness

  • Discharge from the eyes or nose
  • Buildup of wax in the ears
    • ear mites
  • External Parasites
    • Fleas
  • Internal Parasites
    • Potbellied cats may indicate worm infestation
competency 16 00

Competency 16.00

Use techniques that improve the well being of cats.

objective 16 01
Objective 16.01
  • Discuss grooming practices for cats
grooming cats
Grooming Cats
  • Removes old and dead hair
  • Provides opportunity to check for:
    • Parasites
    • Skin disorders
    • Eye problems
    • Ear problems
longhaired cats
Longhaired Cats
  • Need daily care to keep free of tangles and mat.
  • Equipment
    • Combs
    • Blunt end scissors
    • Nail clippers
    • Grooming brush
    • Grooming powder
grooming longhaired cats
Grooming Longhaired Cats
  • Procedures for longhair cats
    • 1st-Use a wide tooth comb for animal
    • 2nd- Use a small toothed comb
    • Once all tangles are out, brush hair in opposite direction of growth occasionally and sprinkle grooming powder
      • This removes old hair and reduces hairballs.
    • Check for parasites, skin disorders, eye and ear problems
longhair grooming
Longhair Grooming
  • Comb with two sizes of teeth (fine toothed and a flea comb).
  • Nail Clippers
  • Grooming brush natural bristles (nylon causes static)
  • Grooming powder such as baby powder, talcum, or cornstarch.
shorthair grooming
Shorthair Grooming
  • Rubber grooming brush
  • Fine-toothed/ flea comb
  • Soft chamois, silk, nylon pad
  • Rubber grooming brush
    • Avoid removing good hair
bathing cats
Bathing Cats
  • Start bathing as early as 4 months
  • Avoid splashing or running water when cat is present
  • Use ~4 inches of warm water
  • Gently lower cat into the water until the entire cat is wet
  • Keep water our of eyes and ears
  • Apply a baby shampoo to the wet coat, lather and rinse
    • Medicated shampoo for fleas
  • Towel dry or use a hairdryer
other grooming
Other Grooming
  • Check teeth and gums
    • Dry food helps to clean the teeth
  • Check for ear mites
    • Dark, crumbly wax indicates mites
    • Use ear drops to treat
  • Used special clippers to trim claws
    • Do not cut into pink area of claw, it will bleed
    • Scratching post helps to reduce claw trimming
objective 16 02
Objective 16.02
  • Describe major health concerns for cats.
  • Infectious
    • Cat Distemper (FPV)
    • Feline herpes virus (FHV)
    • Feline calicivirus (FCV)
    • Feline Rhinotracheitis (FVR)
    • Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP)
    • Feline Leukemia (FeLV)
    • Feline Enteric Corona virus (FECV)
    • Rabies
feline panleukopenia fpv
Feline Panleukopenia (FPV)
  • Feline distemper
    • caused by a parvo virus or DNA virus
    • Abnormally low white blood cell count
    • Affects young cats
    • 75% death rate
  • Spread by direct contact but also from food and water, bedding, litter boxes, etc.
feline panleukopenia fpv1
Feline Panleukopenia (FPV)
  • Symptoms:
    • Depression
    • loss of appetite
    • high fever
    • lethargy
    • vomiting
    • diarrhea
    • dehydration
feline herpes virus fhv
Feline herpes virus (FHV)
  • Caused by respiratory virus infection
    • Shed in discharges from the nose, eyes, throat
    • transmitted through direct contact
  • Can remain dormant for years
feline herpes virus fhv1
Feline herpes virus (FHV)
  • Symptoms
    • depression
    • sneezing
    • coughing
    • severe eye and nasal discharges
    • increase in temperature
feline rhinotracheitis fvr
Feline Rhinotracheitis (FVR)
  • Widespread disease
  • Caused by the Herpes virus infection
    • confined to the upper respiratory tract
  • Symptoms:
    • sneezing
    • discharges from eyes and nasal passages.
feline calicivirus fcv
Feline Calicivirus (FCV)
  • Respiratory virus infection
  • Discharges from the nose, eyes, throat
    • transmitted from direct contact.
  • Symptoms- Depression, sneezing, coughing, severe eye and nasal discharges with an increase in temperature
feline leukemia felv
Feline Leukemia (FeLV)
  • Severely limits the cat’s immune systems
    • virus is excreted primarily in the cat’s salivary excretions
    • also present in respiratory, fecal and urine secretions
  • Spread through direct contact and by sharing litter, food, water, etc.
  • Symptoms:
    • low grade fever, vomiting, soft or watery diarrhea, blood in the feces and dehydration
feline enteris corona virus fecv
Feline Enteris Corona virus (FECV)
  • Ingestion of contaminated feces in kittens between four and twelve weeks of age.
  • Symptoms: low grade fever, vomiting, soft or watery diarrhea, blood in the feces and dehydration.
feline infectious peritonitis virus fip
Feline Infectious Peritonitis virus (FIP)
  • FIP occurs when FECV mutates
  • Affect those with weak immune systems
  • Leads to organ failure
  • Symptoms:
    • fever
    • loss of appetite
    • depression
    • weight loss
  • Fatal viral disease
  • Spread by the saliva of an infected warm blooded animal
  • Cat become highly agitated and possibly aggressive
cat disease review
Cat Disease Review
  • Feline panleukopenia
    • Cat Distemper (FPV) Low White Cell Count and high death rate
  • Feline herpes virus (FHV)
  • Feline calicivirus (FCV)
  • Feline Rhinotracheitis (FVR)
  • Feline Leukemia (FeLV)
  • Feline Enteric Corona virus (FECV)
  • Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP)
  • Rabies


suggested feline vaccination schedule
Suggested Feline Vaccination Schedule
  • 5 Weeks
    • Panleukopenia (distemper)-Killed, Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus
  • 9 Weeks
    • Panleukopenia, Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, Chlamydia, Leukemia
suggested feline vaccination schedule1
Suggested Feline Vaccination Schedule
  • 12 to 15 Weeks*
    • Panleukopenia, Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, Chlamydia, Leukemia
  • 16 to 19 Weeks*
    • Feline Infectious Peritonitis, Ringworm, First rabies

*Follow label directions for booster shots

  • Non-infectious
    • Feline Urological syndrome (fus)
    • Entropion
    • Wet eye
  • Entropion
    • eyeball sinks into socket and the eyelid spasms with discomfort.
  • Wet Eye
    • excessive tear production
    • blockage of drainage canal causing the tears to overflow at the inner corner of the eyes
feline urologic syndrome fus
Feline Urologic syndrome (fus)
  • A feline urinary tract disease also referred to as FLUTD
  • May range from mild inflammation to blockage of the urethra
  • uremic poisoning and death can occur
internal parasites
Internal Parasites
  • Toxoplasmosis- prtozoan parasite Toxoplasm gondii infection
  • Ascarids-Toxocara cati
  • Hookworm-Ancylostoma tubaeforme
  • Tapeworm-Dipylidium caninum
external parasites
External Parasites
  • Lice- Felicola subrostratus
  • Mites-denidex cati
  • Feline Scabies-Notoedres cati
  • Feline Mites-ear mites, walking dandruff mites, chiggers, fleas and ticks.
fungal diseases and poisonings
Fungal Diseases and Poisonings
  • Cats and dogs share the same concerns for fungal diseases and poisonings
    • Insecticides
    • Plants
    • Household cleaners
    • Rodenticides
    • Antifreeze