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Small Animal Cats- Unit F. Competency 15.00. Use information specific to each breed to choose the best cat for a given use. Cat Breeds. Differ in color, patterns, length of hair, shape and length of ears, shape and color of eyes, head shape, body conformation, size, and disposition

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Small Animal Cats- Unit F

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Small animal cats unit f

Small AnimalCats- Unit F

Competency 15 00

Competency 15.00

Use information specific to each breed to choose the best cat for a given use.

Cat breeds

Cat Breeds

  • Differ in color, patterns, length of hair, shape and length of ears, shape and color of eyes, head shape, body conformation, size, and disposition

  • For our discussions we will focus on the two major types of hair:

    • Shorthaired Breeds

    • Longhaired Breeds

Objective 15 01

Objective 15.01

  • Describe major shorthaired and longhaired breeds of cats

Pictures courtesy of Google Images

Shorthair breeds

Shorthair Breeds



  • Ruddy (orange-brown), red and blue, all ticked with darker colors at tips of each hair

  • Medium sized

    • Muscular cat

  • Almond shaped eyes

  • Very active

    • Fond of water

    • Can be taught to retrieve



American shorthair domestic shorthair

American Shorthair(Domestic Shorthair)

  • Came to US with English settlers

  • 34 recognized color patterns

    • tabby is the most common color

  • Medium to large sized

  • Affectionate

    • makes great lap cat

American shorthair domestic shorthair1

American Shorthair(Domestic Shorthair)

Bombay 1958

Bombay (1958)

  • Relatively new breed resulting from Burmese x American Shorthair

    • Medium sized cat

    • Jet black

    • Copper or gold colored eyes

  • Disposition

    • Graceful, charming, and get along well with others, even strangers



British shorthair

British Shorthair

  • Oldest Natural English breed

    • Larger and taller than American Shorthair

    • Large rounded head

    • Big, round copper or gold eyes

    • Quiet, easy going, docile nature

      • likes to sleep a lot

British shorthair1

British Shorthair



  • Originated in the Unites States

  • 1930’s

  • Cross between Siamese x Burma

    • Medium-sized

    • Sable-brown in color with gold eyes

    • Good disposition, enjoy being held

      • Can become bossy, stubborn, and angry



Cornish rex

Cornish Rex

  • Small to medium size

  • Oval eyes and curves or rippling hair coat

  • Must be kept indoors

    • lacks guard hairs to protect it from the elements

Cornish rex1

Cornish Rex

Devon rex

Devon Rex

  • Resulted from feral (wild) domestic cat x cared-for stray

    • Medium sized cat with wavy hair coat

    • Large, wide-based ears are set low and distinctive to this breed

Devon rex1

Devon Rex

Japanese bobtail

Japanese Bobtail

  • Known for calico (tortoiseshell or 3 colors)

    • Calico is some shade of black, orange (red), and white.

  • Distinctive short (bob) tail

    • Is kinked to form a “pom” or “bunny tail”

  • The tail is sensitive

    • Care must be taken to prevent injury and pain when handling the cat

Japanese bobtail1

Japanese Bobtail



  • Highly prized, rare cat of Thailand

    • Protective of family members, and reserved with strangers

  • Medium-sized cat

    • Silver blue fur tipped with silver

      • Produces a halo effect



Small animal cats unit f


  • Among earliest European breeds

    • result of a genetic mutation

  • Medium-sized

    • affectionate cat

    • tends to be better in one-to-one relationships

  • The BEST show Manx cats do not have a tail (rumpy)

    • others have a short tail (stumpy)

    • some have a long tail (longy)

Small animal cats unit f




  • Known for one-on-one devotion to one person

  • Eye color is always deep blue

  • Head forms an equilateral triangle from the nose to the tips of the ears

    • Very little pigmentation in color pattern

    • Pigmentation is darker at the points

    • Color is restricted to the points: mask, ear, foot and tip of tail



  • Medium-sized

    • very long and refined

  • Siamese cats are very unpredictable; however, they are described as talkative, loyal

  • Fearless cats of extraordinary intelligence.

  • Siamese cats are particularly sensitive to vaccinations and anesthetics





  • Small breed

  • Known for its’ quiet, shy disposition

  • Males weigh at most 6 pounds

  • Females usually weigh less than 4 pounds



Small animal cats unit f


Crossed with Abyssinian recessive carriers for long hair

Friendly, affectionate, prefers company, playful, very active

medium size

usually orange-brown ticked with black or red ticked with brown coat

gold or green eyes

Snowshoe breed

Snowshoe Breed

  • Medium to large size

    • Similar to American Shorthair

      • white feet

    • Bright blue eyes are large, oval

    • Ears are large and broad at base

    • Wedgeshaped head

  • The mask, tail, ears, and legs are usually defined seal or blue with the masking colors covering the entire face, except for inverted white V-shaped pattern over mouth and nose

Snowshoe breed1

Snowshoe Breed



  • Canadian origin in the late 1960’s

  • Known for its tough, wrinkled hairless skin

  • Indoor cat

    • cannot survive outdoors

    • depends upon people for survival

    • Constantly purrs

  • Adores body contact and is very affectionate

  • Normal body temperature is 4°F higher than most other breeds

    • unable to store body fat

    • must eat more frequently to maintain its body temperature



Longhair breeds

Longhair Breeds

Balinese and javanese

Balinese and Javanese

  • Body style of Siamese, but long hair

  • Warm

  • Vocal

  • Persistent

  • Eyes are deep vivid blue

Balinese and javanese1

Balinese and Javanese



  • Sturdy cat of medium to large size

  • Long, silky coat that does not mat

    • requires little care

  • Very sociable

    • needs the company of others

  • White paws - trait

    • Eyes are round

    • Ears are medium with rounded tips



Cymric longhaired manx

Cymric Longhaired Manx

  • Alert and sweet natured

  • Excellent with other pets and children

  • Large cat that is tailless

Cymric longhaired manx1

Cymric Longhaired Manx

Himalayan and kashmir

Himalayan and Kashmir

  • (Siamese x Persian x Birman)

  • Medium to large size

  • Persian type cat

  • Long, flowing hair coat with Siamese patterns

Himalayan and kashmir1

Himalayan and Kashmir

Maine coon

Maine Coon

  • Oldest natural breed in North America

    • native American origin

  • Large-sized

    • reaches 12 -18 pounds

  • Brown tabby is the best known color

  • Lovable and friendly

    • has a tiny voice that squeaks and chirps

Maine coon1

Maine Coon



  • One of the oldest and most popular breeds

  • Medium to large size

    • short, compact body

    • large head

    • small rounded ears

  • Well mannered

    • easy going

    • quiet cats

  • Make good apartment cats and excellent companions

  • Require daily grooming

    • removes and knots

  • Requires regular bathing

    • removes excess oil from the coat





  • Originated in the US during the 1960’s

  • Exceptionally large

  • Heavy breed

  • Blue eyes

  • Docile, quiet, and composed

    • named because they show little signs of fear or pain

    • take a floppy posture when handled





  • Himalayan x Burmese

  • Medium size

  • Oriental style

    • essentially a long-haired Burmese

  • Follows owner like a puppy

  • Few exist in the United States



Turkish angora

Turkish Angora

  • Small to medium-sized cat

  • Polite

  • Intelligent

    • very responsive

    • easily trained to perform tricks

  • Prefers a clean, almost spotless environment

Turkish angora1

Turkish Angora

Objective 15 02

Objective 15.02

  • Select a cat based on qualifying characteristics

Selecting a pet cat

Selecting a Pet Cat

The Cat vs. The Dog

  • Requires less care

    • independent nature

  • Lower feeding cost

    • smaller

  • Initial purchase price is less

Qualities to consider

Qualities to consider

  • Adult cats are better for elderly or busy owners

  • Kittens adapt quickly

  • Females reach sexual maturity at 5 months

    • estrus cycle every three weeks

  • Friendly affectionate pets

    • “they don’t usually kill or injure small children”

Qualities to consider1

Qualities to consider

  • Pedigree animals have certain characteristics

    • most cats are mixed breeds

  • Long haired breeds require frequent grooming

    • require air conditioned facilities

  • Mixed breeds are cheaper to purchase.

Choosing a healthy cat

Choosing a healthy cat

1. Look for signs of health

  • Pale pink gums

  • White teeth

  • Nose should be cool and slightly damp

  • Clean glossy coat

  • Free of mats

Small animal cats unit f

Proper teeth cleaning can prevent the absorption of toxins and bacteria present in the mouth which can damage internal organs.

Small animal cats unit f

Most veterinarians can clean teeth and do so regularly for most cat owners

Choosing a healthy cat1

Choosing a healthy cat

2. Look for signs of illness

  • Discharge from the eyes or nose

  • Buildup of wax in the ears

    • ear mites

  • External Parasites

    • Fleas

  • Internal Parasites

    • Potbellied cats may indicate worm infestation

Competency 16 00

Competency 16.00

Use techniques that improve the well being of cats.

Objective 16 01

Objective 16.01

  • Discuss grooming practices for cats

Grooming cats

Grooming Cats

  • Removes old and dead hair

  • Provides opportunity to check for:

    • Parasites

    • Skin disorders

    • Eye problems

    • Ear problems

Longhaired cats

Longhaired Cats

  • Need daily care to keep free of tangles and mat.

  • Equipment

    • Combs

    • Blunt end scissors

    • Nail clippers

    • Grooming brush

    • Grooming powder

Grooming longhaired cats

Grooming Longhaired Cats

  • Procedures for longhair cats

    • 1st-Use a wide tooth comb for animal

    • 2nd- Use a small toothed comb

    • Once all tangles are out, brush hair in opposite direction of growth occasionally and sprinkle grooming powder

      • This removes old hair and reduces hairballs.

    • Check for parasites, skin disorders, eye and ear problems

Longhair grooming

Longhair Grooming

  • Comb with two sizes of teeth (fine toothed and a flea comb).

  • Nail Clippers

  • Grooming brush natural bristles (nylon causes static)

  • Grooming powder such as baby powder, talcum, or cornstarch.

Shorthair grooming

Shorthair Grooming

  • Rubber grooming brush

  • Fine-toothed/ flea comb

  • Soft chamois, silk, nylon pad

  • Rubber grooming brush

    • Avoid removing good hair

Flea combs

Flea Combs

Bathing cats

Bathing Cats

  • Start bathing as early as 4 months

  • Avoid splashing or running water when cat is present

  • Use ~4 inches of warm water

  • Gently lower cat into the water until the entire cat is wet

  • Keep water our of eyes and ears

  • Apply a baby shampoo to the wet coat, lather and rinse

    • Medicated shampoo for fleas

  • Towel dry or use a hairdryer

Other grooming

Other Grooming

  • Check teeth and gums

    • Dry food helps to clean the teeth

  • Check for ear mites

    • Dark, crumbly wax indicates mites

    • Use ear drops to treat

  • Used special clippers to trim claws

    • Do not cut into pink area of claw, it will bleed

    • Scratching post helps to reduce claw trimming

Objective 16 02

Objective 16.02

  • Describe major health concerns for cats.



  • Infectious

    • Cat Distemper (FPV)

    • Feline herpes virus (FHV)

    • Feline calicivirus (FCV)

    • Feline Rhinotracheitis (FVR)

    • Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP)

    • Feline Leukemia (FeLV)

    • Feline Enteric Corona virus (FECV)

    • Rabies

Feline panleukopenia fpv

Feline Panleukopenia (FPV)

  • Feline distemper

    • caused by a parvo virus or DNA virus

    • Abnormally low white blood cell count

    • Affects young cats

    • 75% death rate

  • Spread by direct contact but also from food and water, bedding, litter boxes, etc.

Feline panleukopenia fpv1

Feline Panleukopenia (FPV)

  • Symptoms:

    • Depression

    • loss of appetite

    • high fever

    • lethargy

    • vomiting

    • diarrhea

    • dehydration

Feline herpes virus fhv

Feline herpes virus (FHV)

  • Caused by respiratory virus infection

    • Shed in discharges from the nose, eyes, throat

    • transmitted through direct contact

  • Can remain dormant for years

Feline herpes virus fhv1

Feline herpes virus (FHV)

  • Symptoms

    • depression

    • sneezing

    • coughing

    • severe eye and nasal discharges

    • increase in temperature

Feline rhinotracheitis fvr

Feline Rhinotracheitis (FVR)

  • Widespread disease

  • Caused by the Herpes virus infection

    • confined to the upper respiratory tract

  • Symptoms:

    • sneezing

    • discharges from eyes and nasal passages.

Feline rhinotracheitis fvr1

Feline Rhinotracheitis (FVR)

Feline calicivirus fcv

Feline Calicivirus (FCV)

  • Respiratory virus infection

  • Discharges from the nose, eyes, throat

    • transmitted from direct contact.

  • Symptoms- Depression, sneezing, coughing, severe eye and nasal discharges with an increase in temperature

Feline leukemia felv

Feline Leukemia (FeLV)

  • Severely limits the cat’s immune systems

    • virus is excreted primarily in the cat’s salivary excretions

    • also present in respiratory, fecal and urine secretions

  • Spread through direct contact and by sharing litter, food, water, etc.

  • Symptoms:

    • low grade fever, vomiting, soft or watery diarrhea, blood in the feces and dehydration

Feline enteris corona virus fecv

Feline Enteris Corona virus (FECV)

  • Ingestion of contaminated feces in kittens between four and twelve weeks of age.

  • Symptoms: low grade fever, vomiting, soft or watery diarrhea, blood in the feces and dehydration.

Feline infectious peritonitis virus fip

Feline Infectious Peritonitis virus (FIP)

  • FIP occurs when FECV mutates

  • Affect those with weak immune systems

  • Leads to organ failure

  • Symptoms:

    • fever

    • loss of appetite

    • depression

    • weight loss



  • Fatal viral disease

  • Spread by the saliva of an infected warm blooded animal

  • Cat become highly agitated and possibly aggressive

Cat disease review

Cat Disease Review

  • Feline panleukopenia

    • Cat Distemper (FPV) Low White Cell Count and high death rate

  • Feline herpes virus (FHV)

  • Feline calicivirus (FCV)

  • Feline Rhinotracheitis (FVR)

  • Feline Leukemia (FeLV)

  • Feline Enteric Corona virus (FECV)

  • Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP)

  • Rabies


Suggested feline vaccination schedule

Suggested Feline Vaccination Schedule

  • 5 Weeks

    • Panleukopenia (distemper)-Killed, Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus

  • 9 Weeks

    • Panleukopenia, Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, Chlamydia, Leukemia

Suggested feline vaccination schedule1

Suggested Feline Vaccination Schedule

  • 12 to 15 Weeks*

    • Panleukopenia, Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, Chlamydia, Leukemia

  • 16 to 19 Weeks*

    • Feline Infectious Peritonitis, Ringworm, First rabies

      *Follow label directions for booster shots



  • Non-infectious

    • Feline Urological syndrome (fus)

    • Entropion

    • Wet eye



  • Entropion

    • eyeball sinks into socket and the eyelid spasms with discomfort.



  • Wet Eye

    • excessive tear production

    • blockage of drainage canal causing the tears to overflow at the inner corner of the eyes

Feline urologic syndrome fus

Feline Urologic syndrome (fus)

  • A feline urinary tract disease also referred to as FLUTD

  • May range from mild inflammation to blockage of the urethra

  • uremic poisoning and death can occur

Internal parasites

Internal Parasites

  • Toxoplasmosis- prtozoan parasite Toxoplasm gondii infection

  • Ascarids-Toxocara cati

  • Hookworm-Ancylostoma tubaeforme

  • Tapeworm-Dipylidium caninum

External parasites

External Parasites

  • Lice- Felicola subrostratus

  • Mites-denidex cati

  • Feline Scabies-Notoedres cati

  • Feline Mites-ear mites, walking dandruff mites, chiggers, fleas and ticks.

Fungal diseases and poisonings

Fungal Diseases and Poisonings

  • Cats and dogs share the same concerns for fungal diseases and poisonings

    • Insecticides

    • Plants

    • Household cleaners

    • Rodenticides

    • Antifreeze

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