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Decline. …when progress fails. Location of Norse settlements in Greenland, 986 - c . 1500. Norse settlement at Brattahlid. Foundation stone of the Norse cathedral. 3: Settlement starts 4: Thule Inuit arrive 6: Western Settlement disappears 8: Eastern Settlement disappears.

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Decline

…when progress fails


Location of Norse

settlements in

Greenland,

986 - c. 1500




3: Settlement starts

4: Thule Inuit arrive

6: Western Settlement disappears

8: Eastern Settlement disappears


China, 1405

Zheng He takes a fleet

of 300 ships, some

120 m long, on voyages

of discovery and trade





1905: Einstein’s annus mirabilis:

Brownian motion

Photoelectric effect

Special Relativity

Mass-Energy Equivalence



Political control of science
Political Control of Science

Trofim Lysenko

1898-1976



Dr Paul Kammerer

joins University

of Moscow, 1925


In Moscow, Kammerer

joined Ivan Michurin,

another Lamarckian

The slogan on the stamp

says, ``We cannot wait

for favors from Nature;

to take them from it,

that is our task.’’



Speaking to a student

audience at McGill

University in February

2008, Dr David Suzuki

called for the jailing of

politicians who did not

accept the theory of

anthropogenic global

warming.


Political control of science1
Political Control of Science

``Since prime minister Stephen Harper came to power, his government has been sceptical of the science on climate change and has backed away from Canada's Kyoto commitment. In January, it muzzled Environment Canada's scientists, ordering them to route all media enquires through Ottawa to control the agency's media message. Last week, the prime minister and members of the cabinet failed to attend a ceremony to honour the Canadian scientists who contributed to the international climate-change report that won a share of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.’’


Religious Control of Science

Darrow and Bryan, 1925


Scalia, 1986

Louisiana



Religious control of science
Religious Control of Science

George C. Deutsch

NASA press officer

``It is not NASA's place, nor should it be to make a declaration such as this about the existence of the universe that discounts intelligent design by a creator...

This is more than a science issue, it is a religious issue.’’


Q: How to attract people whose

primary motive is curiosity?

A: Offer them power, money and

prestige


Scientific fraud
Scientific Fraud

Friedhelm Herrmann & Marion Brach, cancer

researchers, fabricated data in more than

90 journal papers (discovered in 1997)

A series of five fraudulent papers by Jan Hendrik Schoen

were published in Nature in the 2000-2001 period.

The papers, about superconductivity, were revealed to

contain falsified data and other scientific fraud. In 2003

the papers were retracted by Nature.


Scientific fraud1
Scientific Fraud

The fraction of fradulent papers in biomedical

journals has been estimated at 5 to 10%


John P.A. Ioannidis

``Why Most Published Research

Findings Are False’’

2005


Technology without Science

Lacking knowledge of the laws of physics,

how can systems be developed to function in

challenging environments?



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