Decline
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Decline. …when progress fails. Location of Norse settlements in Greenland, 986 - c . 1500. Norse settlement at Brattahlid. Foundation stone of the Norse cathedral. 3: Settlement starts 4: Thule Inuit arrive 6: Western Settlement disappears 8: Eastern Settlement disappears.

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Decline

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Decline

Decline

…when progress fails


Decline

Location of Norse

settlements in

Greenland,

986 - c. 1500


Decline

Norse settlement at Brattahlid


Decline

Foundation stone of the Norse cathedral


Decline

3: Settlement starts

4: Thule Inuit arrive

6: Western Settlement disappears

8: Eastern Settlement disappears


Decline

China, 1405

Zheng He takes a fleet

of 300 ships, some

120 m long, on voyages

of discovery and trade


Decline

Voyages of Zheng He


Decline

1841: British Ironclad `Nemesis’ sinks junks in

First Opium War


Decline

The Death of Science?


Decline

1905: Einstein’s annus mirabilis:

Brownian motion

Photoelectric effect

Special Relativity

Mass-Energy Equivalence


Decline

2005?


Political control of science

Political Control of Science

Trofim Lysenko

1898-1976


Decline

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

1744-1829


Decline

Dr Paul Kammerer

joins University

of Moscow, 1925


Decline

In Moscow, Kammerer

joined Ivan Michurin,

another Lamarckian

The slogan on the stamp

says, ``We cannot wait

for favors from Nature;

to take them from it,

that is our task.’’


Decline

Lysenko and Stalin


Decline

Speaking to a student

audience at McGill

University in February

2008, Dr David Suzuki

called for the jailing of

politicians who did not

accept the theory of

anthropogenic global

warming.


Political control of science1

Political Control of Science

``Since prime minister Stephen Harper came to power, his government has been sceptical of the science on climate change and has backed away from Canada's Kyoto commitment. In January, it muzzled Environment Canada's scientists, ordering them to route all media enquires through Ottawa to control the agency's media message. Last week, the prime minister and members of the cabinet failed to attend a ceremony to honour the Canadian scientists who contributed to the international climate-change report that won a share of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.’’


Decline

Religious Control of Science

Darrow and Bryan, 1925


Decline

Scalia, 1986

Louisiana


Decline

Kathy Martin, Kansas,

2005


Religious control of science

Religious Control of Science

George C. Deutsch

NASA press officer

``It is not NASA's place, nor should it be to make a declaration such as this about the existence of the universe that discounts intelligent design by a creator...

This is more than a science issue, it is a religious issue.’’


Decline

Q: How to attract people whose

primary motive is curiosity?

A: Offer them power, money and

prestige


Scientific fraud

Scientific Fraud

Friedhelm Herrmann & Marion Brach, cancer

researchers, fabricated data in more than

90 journal papers (discovered in 1997)

A series of five fraudulent papers by Jan Hendrik Schoen

were published in Nature in the 2000-2001 period.

The papers, about superconductivity, were revealed to

contain falsified data and other scientific fraud. In 2003

the papers were retracted by Nature.


Scientific fraud1

Scientific Fraud

The fraction of fradulent papers in biomedical

journals has been estimated at 5 to 10%


Decline

John P.A. Ioannidis

``Why Most Published Research

Findings Are False’’

2005


Decline

Technology without Science

Lacking knowledge of the laws of physics,

how can systems be developed to function in

challenging environments?


Decline

The Termite Civilization


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