The Principal Parts of the Sentence. The principal parts of the sentence are the subject and the predicate. Subject. The subject is mostly expressed by a noun or a personal pronoun. It is also expressed by any substantivized part of speech, by a phrase or a subordinate clause.
The Principal Parts
of the Sentence
The subject is mostly expressed by a noun or a personal pronoun. It is also expressed by anysubstantivized part of speech, by a phrase or a subordinate clause.
The subject of the indefinite-personal sentence may be expressed by the pronouns one, they, you, we, when they refer to people in general, to any person or to an indefinite number of persons.
The predicate of an impersonal sentence does not refer to any person or thing. The pronoun it is used as a formal subject of impersonal sentences.
, , . . p , it, .
There are the following kinds of predicate in English:the simple verbal predicate,the compound verbal predicateand the compound nominal predicate.
- , - , :She knows nothing about me.What did he say?
The compound verbal predicate consists of:a) a modal verb combined with an infinitive:b) a verb with a modal meaning combined with an infinitive or gerund;c) a verb denoted the beginning, duration or end of an actioncombined with an infinitive or gerund.
- , : ) ; ) ;) , , :
f.E I can do it.He must come back tomorrow. He wants to work here. We began to learn English three years ago.The pupils went on writing.The child stopped crying.
The compound nominal predicate consists of a link-verb and a predicate ( the nominal part of the predicate).The predicative is mostly expressed by a noun or an adjective.
- ( the link-verb) -(the predicative) - to be , :