The Principal Parts
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The Principal Parts of the Sentence PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Principal Parts of the Sentence. The principal parts of the sentence are the subject and the predicate. Subject. The subject is mostly expressed by a noun or a personal pronoun. It is also expressed by any substantivized part of speech, by a phrase or a subordinate clause.

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The Principal Parts of the Sentence

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The Principal Parts

of the Sentence


The principal parts of the sentence are the subject and the predicate.


Subject


The subject is mostly expressed by a noun or a personal pronoun. It is also expressed by anysubstantivized part of speech, by a phrase or a subordinate clause.


Depending on the character of the subject sentences are divided into personal, indefinite-personal and impersonal.


Personal-():the subject of a personal sentence denotes a certain person, thing or abstract notion.


, , .Where is the doctor?The shop was closed.


The subject of the indefinite-personal sentence may be expressed by the pronouns one, they, you, we, when they refer to people in general, to any person or to an indefinite number of persons.


f.E One never can be sure.You never can tell what will happen.Before the names of seas we use the definite article.


The predicate of an impersonal sentence does not refer to any person or thing. The pronoun it is used as a formal subject of impersonal sentences.


, , . . p , it, .


In the negative form the pronoun no or notany is used.


The Predicate


There are the following kinds of predicate in English:the simple verbal predicate,the compound verbal predicateand the compound nominal predicate.


The simple verbal predicate isa predicate expressed by a finite form of the verb in any tense, voice and mood.


- , - , :She knows nothing about me.What did he say?


The compound verbal predicate consists of:a) a modal verb combined with an infinitive:b) a verb with a modal meaning combined with an infinitive or gerund;c) a verb denoted the beginning, duration or end of an actioncombined with an infinitive or gerund.


- , : ) ; ) ;) , , :


f.E I can do it.He must come back tomorrow. He wants to work here. We began to learn English three years ago.The pupils went on writing.The child stopped crying.


The compound nominal predicate consists of a link-verb and a predicate ( the nominal part of the predicate).The predicative is mostly expressed by a noun or an adjective.


- ( the link-verb) -(the predicative) - to be , :


f.E The day was sunny.The Law of Work Collectives is an act of great political, economic and social significance.


It can also be expressed by a pronoun, a numeral, an adverb and non-finite forms of the verb.


f.E. The book is mine.My sister is fifteen today.He was the first to get up.


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