Cultural Development and Physical Geography. India. India is located on the continent of Asia between Pakistan (west), China (ne) and myanmar (east) arabian sea (SW) indian ocean (sW\E). Beliefs. Hinduism Buddhism. Original Buddhism Teaches that desire causes suffering
Cultural Development andPhysical Geography
India is located on the continent of Asia between Pakistan (west), China (ne) and myanmar (east) arabian sea (SW) indian ocean (sW\E)
Teaches that desire causes suffering
People hope to achieve a state of peace called nirvana through self-denial
The idea of self-denial was hard for people to follow
Teaches that Buddha was a god
Teaches that people can become Buddhas
Teaches that Buddhas can give up nirvana to save humanity through good works and self-sacrifice
Popular with the people
Belief in many gods
Priests only could perform sacrifices and ceremonies to the gods
Limited interest with the people
Began to believe in one divine force
3 important gods that represent the divine force
Brahma – center of the world
Vishnu – preserver of the world
Shiva – destroyer of the world
Popular gods interested the people
Because of its location, people from other races (Persia, Central Asia and Greece) fled to Northern India during times of political trouble in their country.
Because of its location it was also a great area for trade by sea and land.
These 2 groups of people brought new languages and customs to India
Different groups controlled India because of its valuable resources
Invaders spread trade to new areas especially through the Silk Roads
Silk Roads – trade routes that carried products (silk) from China to Asia (India) to Rome
Sea routes allowed for trade between India and other countries
They imported gold and ivory from Africa and exported cotton cloth
They imported dates and horses from Arabia and exported rice and wheat
They imported silk from China and exported cotton cloth and animals
Religion – Buddhism and Hinduism through the Silk Roads and missionaries
Astronomy – learned from trade ships, proved the earth was round
Time – learned from Greek invaders, based calendar on sun, had 7-day weeks
Math – numbers we use today, zero, decimals
Medicine – surgery and medicine
Beliefs taught by Confucius that gentlemen should practice:
Settling in their lands
Marrying their people
Setting up schools to teach them Confucianism
Trade and war introduced China to many other people. This helped them develop new things:
In China, they celebrate the Chinese New Year with lights, dragons,
paper crafts and lots of fireworks! These paper lanterns are one
Type of decoration used during this Chinese celebration!
What you'll need:
Construction paper, Scissors, Tape, Stapler, Ruler, Pencil,
(Glue, glitter, sequins, if desired to decorate your lantern)
How to make it:
Use your ruler to measure and cut one inch off the short end of your paper. Set aside to use as the handle.
Fold your paper in half lengthwise.
Draw a line one inch from the end of the long edge of the paper opposite the folded edge. This will be the line where you stop cutting.
Measure and mark lines one inch apart starting at the folded edge and moving towards the "stop cutting" line. (see photo)
Cut on the marked lines up to the "stop cutting" line.
Unfold the paper.
Re-crease the paper in the opposite direction. This will hide any pencil marks.
Match the long edges together on the lantern and use tape to hold it in place.
Staple the handle to the top of the lantern. (see photo)
Make as many lanterns as you wish and display them around your home.
If you wish, add glue, glitter, sequins or other things to decorate your lanterns.
Africa is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (W), Indian Ocean (E) and Europe (N)
Map pg 214
Environment (drought, volcanoes, etc)
Economic (slavery, jobs)
Political (religion, war, invaders)
As they moved from one land to another they took with them their beliefs, language and history and cultures blended.
Most trade in Africa was centered around 3 tribes of people
Paper plate, Hole punch, Scissors, String, Beads, Paper Sacks/Newspapers,
White glue, Paint, Paint brush
1. Punch 7 to 8 holes around the top half portion of the paper plate.
2. Draw and cut out a pair of eye holes.
3. Take some strips of newspaper/paper sacks. Twist and form them into a mouth and nose shape.
4. Use white glue to attach the nose and mouth to the paper plate.
5. Let the glue dry for a few minutes.
6. Paint your mask .
7. Use a different color paint to make designs on the mask. Dots and stripes are common African mask elements and they're pretty easy to make.
8. Cut string and attach to a hole on the mask. Tie it to secure it in place.
9. Put beads through each piece of string and tie a knot in the end.
10. Once you're finished, you're ready to show off your African mask.
Japan is located on Asia. It is surrounded by water
The battle for control of Japan led to the rise of two military leadership styles:
As you have learned, Samurai warriors played a very important role in early Japan. Today we will color a picture of one of these fierce warriors.