China s industries
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China’s Industries. Preliminaries: industry characteristics The new industries Adjusting: the established industries How far has China come? Current Trends. The New Industries. Some well known patterns Excess entry (Klepper et al) Shake-out/escalation (Klepper, Sutton, etc.).

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China’s Industries

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China s industries

China’s Industries

Preliminaries: industry characteristics

The new industries

Adjusting: the established industries

How far has China come?

Current Trends


The new industries

The New Industries

  • Some well known patterns

  • Excess entry (Klepper et al)

  • Shake-out/escalation (Klepper, Sutton, etc.)


China s industries

200

80

60

40

20

100

80

60

40

20

200

80

60

40

20

100

80

60

40

20

Fridges

W/Machines


China s industries

100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

Color TVs

78 9 80 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 90 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 00 1 2 3


The established industries

The Established Industries

  • Cement

  • Steel

  • Clothing

  • Machine Tools

  • Beer


Cement

Cement

  • High Transport Costs Segment Market

  • Regulatory Regime Strengthens This

  • A Quiet Life … The BBMG Company

  • A Turnaround at Sunnsy


Clothing and textiles

Clothing and Textiles

  • Key to Turnaround is Not Privatisation but Permission to Export Directly (Lanyan)

  • Hangsu in Silk: Capability Building and Direct Exporting

  • Ever Glory: Fast Growing Private Firm


Steel

Steel

  • Slow but Steady Technical Progress

  • Key Role Played by Equipment Suppliers (Jiangsu link with Fuchs)

  • Joint Ventures: Jiangsu with Posco (Korea)

  • Still ‘High Volume Moderate Quality’… with a Large Fringe of Small Producers


Machine tools

Machine Tools

  • Slow but Adequate Adjustment Towards CNC Machines

  • Transition Cushioned by Profits from Conventional Machines

  • Joint Ventures Established over Past Few Years are Building Capability in Advanced CNC Machines (Dalian Company with Index of Germany etc.)


China s industries

Beer

  • First Moves towards Classic Pattern become Evident

  • Interaction of Scale Economies and Advertising

  • Foreign Stakeholders Move In


How far has china come

How Far Has China Come?

  • Two Methods –

    1. Benchmarking in Autocomponents

    2. Trade Statistics by Product Line


Current trends

Current Trends

  • Seeking a Foothold: Air Conditioners for Saudi Arabia

  • The Nineties see a Move in FDI Away from Low wage Seeking Towards the Pull of the Large Domestic Market. Illustration from DVD Market etc

  • Chinese Firms seek Low Labour Cost Locations … Ever Glory …

  • Making Fridges in Italy … A Reverse Process


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