The government is in great need of goods and materials like food, gasoline, and raw materials to fig...
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The government is in great need of goods and materials like food, gasoline, and raw materials to fight the war. Rationing. A system for limiting the distribution of food, gasoline, and other goods so the military could have what it needed. Rationing stamps and victory gardens.

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Rationing

The government is in great need of goods and materials like food, gasoline, and raw materials to fight the war.


Rationing

Rationing

  • A system for limiting the distribution of food, gasoline, and other goods so the military could have what it needed.

  • Rationing stamps and victory gardens.


Factories are producing goods for peacetime use

Factories are producing goods for peacetime use.


War production board wpb

War Production Board (WPB)

  • Main task was to transform industries to wartime production.

  • Ex. Automobile factories churned out airplanes and soft drink factories filled grenades.


The government needs billions of dollars to fight the war

The government needs billions of dollars to fight the war.


Taxes and war bonds

Taxes and War Bonds

  • Government raised taxes and used direct paycheck withholdings.

  • The government borrowed money from banks and people in the form of war bonds.


The government needs to assemble a fighting force

The government needs to assemble a fighting force.


Gi s and the draft

GI’s and the Draft

  • In 1940, 16 million men between 21 and 35 had registered for the draft.

  • I.5 million in the army.

  • Another 6 million enlisted voluntarily by the end of the war.

  • About 8 weeks to prepare for combat.


Rationing

There are millions of German-Americans, Italian-Americans, and Japanese-Americans in the United States.


Japanese internment camps

Japanese Internment Camps

  • Japanese-Americans were feared because they were non-white, had little influence, and were a smaller group.

  • Executive Order 9066-Roosevelt orders 100,000 Japanese-Americans to internment camps.


Much of our labor force is overseas fighting for the country

Much of our labor force is overseas fighting for the country.


Women and the war

Women and the War

  • 18 million took jobs outside the home during the war.

  • Many took jobs in the factories normally done by men.

  • “Rosie the Riveter”

  • Women’s Army Corp (WAC)- Women served on the battlefield in support roles- Ex.-nurses.


Rationing

Many minority groups are feeling discrimination in factories and the military and are saying things like, “Why die for democracy for some foreign country when we don’t even have it here?”


Minorities and the war

Minorities and the War

  • “Double V” campaign- Victory at home and abroad.

  • At first, black GI’s were excluded from combat. Cooked and cleaned.

  • Tuskegee Airmen- Very successful black combat air unit.

  • In 1941, Roosevelt outlaws discrimination by defense contractors.


Many jewish americans are telling you that there are horrible things happening to jews in europe

Many Jewish Americans are telling you that there are horrible things happening to Jews in Europe.


American jews

American Jews

  • Many American Jews pleaded with the gov’t to help Jews in Europe.

  • Many Americans were anti-Semitic (prejudiced against Jews)

  • War Refugee Board- In 1944, the gov’t begins to help refugees.

  • 500,000 Jewish Americans fought in the war.


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