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The government is in great need of goods and materials like food, gasoline, and raw materials to fight the war. Rationing. A system for limiting the distribution of food, gasoline, and other goods so the military could have what it needed. Rationing stamps and victory gardens.

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slide1

The government is in great need of goods and materials like food, gasoline, and raw materials to fight the war.

rationing
Rationing
  • A system for limiting the distribution of food, gasoline, and other goods so the military could have what it needed.
  • Rationing stamps and victory gardens.
war production board wpb
War Production Board (WPB)
  • Main task was to transform industries to wartime production.
  • Ex. Automobile factories churned out airplanes and soft drink factories filled grenades.
taxes and war bonds
Taxes and War Bonds
  • Government raised taxes and used direct paycheck withholdings.
  • The government borrowed money from banks and people in the form of war bonds.
gi s and the draft
GI’s and the Draft
  • In 1940, 16 million men between 21 and 35 had registered for the draft.
  • I.5 million in the army.
  • Another 6 million enlisted voluntarily by the end of the war.
  • About 8 weeks to prepare for combat.
slide9

There are millions of German-Americans, Italian-Americans, and Japanese-Americans in the United States.

japanese internment camps
Japanese Internment Camps
  • Japanese-Americans were feared because they were non-white, had little influence, and were a smaller group.
  • Executive Order 9066-Roosevelt orders 100,000 Japanese-Americans to internment camps.
women and the war
Women and the War
  • 18 million took jobs outside the home during the war.
  • Many took jobs in the factories normally done by men.
  • “Rosie the Riveter”
  • Women’s Army Corp (WAC)- Women served on the battlefield in support roles- Ex.-nurses.
slide13

Many minority groups are feeling discrimination in factories and the military and are saying things like, “Why die for democracy for some foreign country when we don’t even have it here?”

minorities and the war
Minorities and the War
  • “Double V” campaign- Victory at home and abroad.
  • At first, black GI’s were excluded from combat. Cooked and cleaned.
  • Tuskegee Airmen- Very successful black combat air unit.
  • In 1941, Roosevelt outlaws discrimination by defense contractors.
many jewish americans are telling you that there are horrible things happening to jews in europe

Many Jewish Americans are telling you that there are horrible things happening to Jews in Europe.

american jews
American Jews
  • Many American Jews pleaded with the gov’t to help Jews in Europe.
  • Many Americans were anti-Semitic (prejudiced against Jews)
  • War Refugee Board- In 1944, the gov’t begins to help refugees.
  • 500,000 Jewish Americans fought in the war.