Labor integration international trade recent developments tendences ialmc oas workshop
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LABOR, INTEGRATION & INTERNATIONAL TRADE: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS & TENDENCES IALMC-OAS WORKSHOP. Pablo Lazo Labor and Civil Society Affairs Coordinator International Economic Relations Bureau Ministry of Foreign Affairs-Chile May11th, 2004 .

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Labor integration international trade recent developments tendences ialmc oas workshop

LABOR, INTEGRATION & INTERNATIONAL TRADE: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS & TENDENCESIALMC-OAS WORKSHOP

Pablo Lazo

Labor and Civil Society Affairs Coordinator

International Economic Relations Bureau

Ministry of Foreign Affairs-Chile

May11th, 2004


Trade and labor multilateral developpment
TRADE AND LABOR: MULTILATERAL DEVELOPPMENT DEVELOPMENTS & TENDENCES

  • Copenhagen World Summet on Social Developpment, 1995

  • WTO: Singapore Declaration, 1996

  • ILO: Declaration on principles and rights at work and its follow-up, 1998

  • OECD: Guidelines for multinationals


Universal consensus
UNIVERSAL CONSENSUS DEVELOPMENTS & TENDENCES

  • Core labor standards

  • ILO: competent body

  • Labor standards should not be used with protectionist purposes

  • It should not be questioned the comparative advantage of any country on the base of these instruments


Fundamental principles
FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES DEVELOPMENTS & TENDENCES

  • Freedom of association and the right to form unions and bargain collectively

  • Ban of forced labor

  • Limitations of child labor

  • Non discrimination


Labor standards in the international frame

GSP & OTHER UNILATERAL MECHANISMS DEVELOPMENTS & TENDENCES

NAALC

MERCOSUR

ALC CANADA-COSTA-RICA

US-JORDAN

ILO

OECD

OAS

LABOR STANDARDS IN THE INTERNATIONAL FRAME


Ftas vs integration processes tendences

NAALC DEVELOPMENTS & TENDENCES

CANADA-CHILE

CANADA-COSTA-RICA

US-JORDAN

CHILE- US

CAFTA-US

MERCOSUR

ANC

CARICOM

CASI

FTAs. Vs. Integration processes: tendences


Provisions
PROVISIONS DEVELOPMENTS & TENDENCES

  • Labor standards included

  • Separate agreements/labor clauses

  • Monetary contributions

  • Cooperation

  • Social actors participation

  • Transparency


Developping processes
DEVELOPPING PROCESSES DEVELOPMENTS & TENDENCES

  • CAFTA-DR-US discussion for Congress approval

  • Negotiations US-Panama

  • Negotiations US/Peru, Ecuador, Colombia

  • Negotiations US/Bolivia?

  • FTAA Process


Why to incorporate labor standards in an fta vision of chile
Why to incorporate labor standards in an FTA? Vision of Chile

  • Request of unions and civil society

  • Linkage between trade & labor: a reality(Freeman Study Harvard University)

  • To avoid or diminish unilateralism (GSP & others)

  • Political realism

  • Principle with Chilean political consensus


Skills
SKILLS Chile

  • Capacity building: joint efforts/Integral policies/ S. dialogue

  • Labor inspection/Labor Justice

  • Education, permanent professional training

  • Danger of exclusion

  • Social protection

  • Adapting labor markets: informal sector


Www direcon cl plazo@direcon cl
WWW.DIRECON.CL [email protected]


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