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LABOR, INTEGRATION & INTERNATIONAL TRADE: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS & TENDENCES IALMC-OAS WORKSHOP. Pablo Lazo Labor and Civil Society Affairs Coordinator International Economic Relations Bureau Ministry of Foreign Affairs-Chile May11th, 2004 .

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labor integration international trade recent developments tendences ialmc oas workshop

LABOR, INTEGRATION & INTERNATIONAL TRADE: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS & TENDENCESIALMC-OAS WORKSHOP

Pablo Lazo

Labor and Civil Society Affairs Coordinator

International Economic Relations Bureau

Ministry of Foreign Affairs-Chile

May11th, 2004

trade and labor multilateral developpment
TRADE AND LABOR: MULTILATERAL DEVELOPPMENT
  • Copenhagen World Summet on Social Developpment, 1995
  • WTO: Singapore Declaration, 1996
  • ILO: Declaration on principles and rights at work and its follow-up, 1998
  • OECD: Guidelines for multinationals
universal consensus
UNIVERSAL CONSENSUS
  • Core labor standards
  • ILO: competent body
  • Labor standards should not be used with protectionist purposes
  • It should not be questioned the comparative advantage of any country on the base of these instruments
fundamental principles
FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES
  • Freedom of association and the right to form unions and bargain collectively
  • Ban of forced labor
  • Limitations of child labor
  • Non discrimination
labor standards in the international frame
GSP & OTHER UNILATERAL MECHANISMS

NAALC

MERCOSUR

ALC CANADA-COSTA-RICA

US-JORDAN

ILO

OECD

OAS

LABOR STANDARDS IN THE INTERNATIONAL FRAME
ftas vs integration processes tendences
NAALC

CANADA-CHILE

CANADA-COSTA-RICA

US-JORDAN

CHILE- US

CAFTA-US

MERCOSUR

ANC

CARICOM

CASI

FTAs. Vs. Integration processes: tendences
provisions
PROVISIONS
  • Labor standards included
  • Separate agreements/labor clauses
  • Monetary contributions
  • Cooperation
  • Social actors participation
  • Transparency
developping processes
DEVELOPPING PROCESSES
  • CAFTA-DR-US discussion for Congress approval
  • Negotiations US-Panama
  • Negotiations US/Peru, Ecuador, Colombia
  • Negotiations US/Bolivia?
  • FTAA Process
why to incorporate labor standards in an fta vision of chile
Why to incorporate labor standards in an FTA? Vision of Chile
  • Request of unions and civil society
  • Linkage between trade & labor: a reality(Freeman Study Harvard University)
  • To avoid or diminish unilateralism (GSP & others)
  • Political realism
  • Principle with Chilean political consensus
skills
SKILLS
  • Capacity building: joint efforts/Integral policies/ S. dialogue
  • Labor inspection/Labor Justice
  • Education, permanent professional training
  • Danger of exclusion
  • Social protection
  • Adapting labor markets: informal sector
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