Chapter 17 reconstruction and the new south 1865 1896
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Chapter 17 Reconstruction and the New South (1865-1896). Section 3 The South During Reconstruction. Section 3-Polling Question. A B. In your opinion, should President Johnson have been removed from office? A. Yes B. No. Essential Question.

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Chapter 17 Reconstruction and the New South (1865-1896)

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Chapter 17 Reconstruction and the New South (1865-1896)

Section 3 The South During Reconstruction


Section 3-Polling Question

  • A

  • B

In your opinion, should President Johnson have been removed from office?

A.Yes

B.No


Essential Question

In what ways did government in the Southern states change during Reconstruction?


African Americans in Government

  • African American voters played an important role in Reconstruct

  • Contributing to Republican victories in the South

  • Some African Americans were able to win seats as elected officials

  • In South Carolina, African Americans held a majority in the lower house of the legislature

  • In other states, African Americans held important positions, but never in proportion to their numbers


At the National Level

  • 16 African Americans served in the House of Representatives (1869-1880)

  • 2 African Americans served in the Senate (1869-1880)

  • One was Hiram Revels- an ordained minister

  • Revels had recruited African Americans for the Union army

  • He also started a school for freed African Americans in Missouri

  • He also served as chaplain of an African American regiment in Mississippi

  • Revels stayed in Mississippi and was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1870


Blanche K. Bruce

  • The other African American senator

  • Also from Mississippi

  • A former escaped slave

  • Taught in a school for African Americans in Missouri

  • In 1869 he went to Mississippi, entered politics, and was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1874


Scalawags and Carpetbaggers

  • Some Southern whites backed the Republicans

  • Former Confederates called them scalawags (scoundrel or worthless rascal)

  • Some Northern whites moved to the South after the war and supported the Republican party

  • Critics called these Northerners carpetbaggers

  • Some were dishonest, but many were reformers who wanted to help the South

  • Many Southerners accused the Reconstruction governments of corruption


Section 3

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D

Southern whites who supported Republicans were called

A.scalawags

B.sharecroppers

C.carpetbaggers

D.freedmen


Resistance to Reconstruction

  • Most Southerners opposed efforts to expand African Americans’ rights

  • Most white landowners refused to rent land to freed people

  • Store owners refused them credit and employers would not hire them

  • Secret societies, such as the Ku Klux Klan, used fear and violence to deny rights to freed men and women

  • The KKK wore white sheets and hoods


The KKK

  • Klan members killed 1000s of African Americans and their white friends

  • Wounded many more

  • Burned African American homes, schools, and churches

  • Many southerners, especially planters and the Democrats, back the KKK

  • They saw violence as a defense against Republican rule

  • 1870 and 1871- Laws were passed to stop the violence of the Klan

  • But most Southerners refused to testify against those who attacked African Americans and their white supporters


Education

  • During Reconstruction, African Americans created their own schools

  • The Freedmen’s Bureau also helped spread education

  • 1870s- Reconstruction governments created public schools for both races

  • Within a few years about 50% of white children and 40% of African American children in the South were enrolled

  • Northern missionary societies set up academies

  • These academies grew into African American colleges and universities

  • Fisk University in Tennessee and Morehouse College in Georgia

  • Only a few states required that schools be integrated, but the laws were not enforced


Farming

  • Some African Americans purchased land with the help of the Freedmen’s Bank

  • Most were unable to get land

  • The most common form of farmwork for freed people was sharecropping

  • A landowner rented a plot of land to a sharecropper

  • An a crude shack, some seeds, and tools (also maybe a mule)

  • In return, sharecroppers shared a percentage of their crops with the landowners

  • After paying the landowner, sharecroppers often had little left to sell

  • For many, sharecropping was little better than slavery


Section 3

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D

What was the relationship between sharecroppers and landowners?

A.Landowners owned sharecroppers.

B.Landowners sold small parcels of land to sharecroppers.

C.Sharecroppers rented a parcel of land from a landowner.

D.Sharecroppers worked the landowner’s land for asmall annual salary.


Essential Question

In what ways did government in the Southern states change during Reconstruction?

-Before the Civil War, only whites could vote or hold office in the South

- During Reconstruction, African American men gained these rights

-African American voters mostly supported Republicans, helping Radical Republicans take control of Southern state governments

-Several African Americans were elected to office


Chapter 17 Section 3 Quiz


African American voters were supporters of the Republican Party.

  • True

  • False


Hiram Revels was a plantation owner.

  • True

  • False


A carpetbagger was a poor person from the South who tried to make money in the North.

  • True

  • False


Many Democrats supported the actions of the Ku Klux Klan.

  • True

  • False


The Freedmen's Bank lent money to help African Americans buy land.

  • True

  • False


Southern whites who supported Republican policy throughout Reconstruction were called

  • carpetbaggers.

  • Republican hostages.

  • scalawags.

  • freedmen.


Northerners who moved to the South and supported the Republicans were called

  • carpetbaggers.

  • Republican hostages.

  • scalawags.

  • freedmen.


One way some Southerners made life difficult for freed African Americans was to

  • keep them from holding government positions.

  • keep them out of schools.

  • refuse to give them work.

  • supply them with diseased food.


What did Southerners who had the most to gain from the reestablishment of white supremacy see as a defense against Republican rule?

  • voting rights

  • violence

  • cooperation

  • Democratic Party


What did African Americans find to be little better than slavery?

  • integration

  • moving to the North

  • sharecropping

  • land ownership


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