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United Nations: Responses to the Arab-Israeli Conflict. You are a member of the United Nations. You are about to l earn about real situations that took place in the Palestinian region AFTER World war i . You must decide on the best action for the united nations to take.

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United nations responses to the arab israeli conflict

United Nations: Responses to the Arab-Israeli Conflict


You are a member of the United Nations.You are about to l earn about real situations that took place in the Palestinian region AFTER World war i. You must decide on the best action for the united nations to take.


Event a the un s plan for palestine
Event A: The UN’s Plan for Palestine

  • The situation:

    • Britain issues the Balfour Declaration

      • This supports the creation of a homeland for Jews in Palestine

  • Palestinians (90% of population) strongly oppose plan

  • Jewish immigration increases to the region and fighting between the groups intensifies

  • After WWII, Britain – realizing it has lost control - turns over the land to the United Nations (1947)


Your choices
Your choices:

  • A. Make Palestine one state, and hold democratic elections to set the foundation for a democratic, secular (nonreligious) state.

  • B. Make part of Palestine into a Jewish state, and annex the Arab part of Palestine to the neighboring nation of Transjordan.

  • C. Divide Palestine into 2 states, an Arab state and a Jewish state. Make Jerusalem an international zone administered by the UN.

  • D. Keep Palestine as a United Nations mandate until violence between Jews and Arabs ceases and peace is secure.


Your choices1
Your choices:

  • A. Make Palestine one state, and hold democratic elections to set the foundation for a democratic, secular (nonreligious) state.

  • B. Make part of Palestine into a Jewish state, and annex the Arab part of Palestine to the neighboring nation of Transjordan.

  • C. Divide Palestine into 2 states, an Arab state and a Jewish state. Make Jerusalem an international zone administered by the UN.

  • D. Keep Palestine as a United Nations mandate until violence between Jews and Arabs ceases and peace is secure.


Event b the 1948 war
Event B:The 1948 War

  • The situation:

    • The UN has divided Palestine into a Jewish state, an Arab state, and a UN-controlled international zone of Jerusalem

    • Jewish state called Israel

    • Jews = ; Arabs = 

    • Arab troops from surrounding nations attack Israel

    • But Israel fights back and captures most of the Arab land proposed by the UN

  • About 900,000 Palestinians flee the fighting and become refugees

    • Palestinians demand to either be allowed to return to homes or be compensated for lost land/property

    • Israelis claim Palestinians chose to leave and their army rightfully won the land after Arabs attacked Israel.


Your choices2
Your choices:

  • A. Pass a resolution demanding that Israel, Egypt, and Jordan return land to Palestinian refugees so they can form a Palestinian state.

  • B. Do nothing, because the Israelis were attacked and simply struck back at the aggressor Arab nations. The Palestinians must suffer the consequences of losing.

  • C. Set up a fund to support Palestinian refugees with food and shelter.

  • Pass a resolution demanding that Israel compensate Palestinian refugees for lost land and property.


Your choices3
Your choices:

  • A. Pass a resolution demanding that Israel, Egypt, and Jordan return land to Palestinian refugees so they can form a Palestinian state.

  • B. Do nothing, because the Israelis were attacked and simply struck back at the aggressor Arab nations. The Palestinians must suffer the consequences of losing.

  • C. Set up a fund to support Palestinian refugees with food and shelter.

  • Pass a resolution demanding that Israel compensate Palestinian refugees for lost land and property.


Event c the 1967 war
Event C:The 1967 War

  • The Situation:

  • The PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization) founded to regain Palestine and eliminate Israel.

    • Israel feels continuously threatened by its neighbors and terrorist attacks

  • Launches surprise attack against Egypt and Syria

    • Israel takes the West Bank from Jordan and the Gaza Strip and Sinai peninsula from Egypt

  • So, all the Palestinians who were under Jordanian control and Egyptian control come under Israeli control

    • This equates to 1.5 million Palestinians.

  • These areas become known as the Occupied Territories.


Your choices4
Your choices:

  • A. Support Israel against its hostile Arab neighbors by recognizing Israel’s capture of the Occupied Territories.

  • B. Pass a resolution condemning the military conquest, refuse to acknowledge Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, and demand the return of the Occupied Territories.

  • C. Send the peacekeeping forces into the Occupied Territories to act as a buffer between Israeli soldiers and Palestinians and to guard the borders against further fighting.

  • D. Establish an international commission to study the situation in Israel/Palestine and devise a plan to bring peace to the region.


Your choices5
Your choices:

  • A. Support Israel against its hostile Arab neighbors by recognizing Israel’s capture of the Occupied Territories.

  • B. Pass a resolution condemning the military conquest, refuse to acknowledge Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, and demand the return of the Occupied Territories

  • C. Send the peacekeeping forces into the Occupied Territories to act as a buffer between Israeli soldiers and Palestinians and to guard the borders against further fighting.

  • D. Establish an international commission to study the situation in Israel/Palestine and devise a plan to bring peace to the region.


Resolution 242
Resolution 242

  • Resolution 242 – Calls for Israel to give back territory won in war.

  • However, contains vague language. Doesn’t say Israel has to give back ALL the territory, just that it has to give back territory

  • Israel responds by giving back the Sinai peninsula only.


Event d the intifada 1980s
Event D:The Intifada (1980s)

  • The Situation:

  • Intifada means “uprising” or “shaking off” in Arabic.

  • Israeli forces in the Occupied Territories are believed to be harassing Palestinians

    • Leads to increased unity and anti-Israeli activity among Palestinians

    • Arab people try to protest the Israelis

    • Kids throw rocks at Israeli soldiers and soldiers retaliate with tanks and guns – famous photos


The intifada results
The Intifada: Results

  • Israeli troops demolish homes and businesses, arrest thousands

  • More than 1,000 Palestinians die; 37,000 are wounded


Your choices6
Your choices:

  • A. Pass a resolution condemning Israeli human rights violations committed against Palestinians in the Occupied Territories.

  • B. Send peacekeeping forces into the Occupied Territories to stop the violence.

  • C. Take no action because the Intifada is an internal Israeli affair.

  • D. Send a Special Commission into the Occupied Territories to study Palestinian living conditions as a first step to ending the Intifada.


Your choices7
Your choices:

  • A. Pass a resolution condemning Israeli human rights violations committed against Palestinians in the Occupied Territories.

  • B. Send peacekeeping forces into the Occupied Territories to stop the violence.

  • C. Take no action because the Intifada is an internal Israeli affair.

  • D. Send a Special Commission into the Occupied Territories to study Palestinian living conditions as a first step to ending the Intifada.


So what happened next
So what happened next?

  • Eventually, moderate PLO leaders like Yasser Arafat accept Israel’s right to exist

  • In 1993, PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin shake hands and sign a peace agreement

    • It says:

      • Israel will withdraw from Gaza and the West Bank

        (i.e. the Occupied Territories)

      • Palestine will self-rule


So what s happening now
So what’s happening now?

  • 2005 – Israel leaves the Gaza Strip

  • Palestinians democratically elect terrorist/militant organization called Hamas

  • Hamas controlled Gaza Strip but elected out –

    • (This group does not accept Israel’s right to exist)

  • But Israel still controls most borders of Gaza

  • Dec 2008 - January 2009 – Israel launches air strikes and ground strikes against targets in Gaza


United nations
United Nations

  • UN Resolution 1860: calls for immediate ceasefire in Gaza and a full Israeli withdrawal

  • More than 1,300 Palestinians and 13 Israelis were killed in the 22-day war


Most recently
Most Recently…

  • Palestine granted non-member statehood

    • Gives Palestine more international rights

    • So is statehood coming?

      • Not quite…


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