Introduction to psychology l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 20

Introduction to Psychology PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 105 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Introduction to Psychology. Class 17: Personality 1 Myers: 429 to 456 July 17, 2006. Approaches. Social Psychology  WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF THE SITUATION ON YOUR BEHAVIOR? Personality  WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF YOUR PERSONALITY ON YOUR BEHAVIOR?

Download Presentation

Introduction to Psychology

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Introduction to psychology l.jpg

Introduction to Psychology

Class 17: Personality 1

Myers: 429 to 456

July 17, 2006


Approaches l.jpg

Approaches

  • Social Psychology  WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF THE SITUATION ON YOUR BEHAVIOR?

  • Personality  WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF YOUR PERSONALITY ON YOUR BEHAVIOR?

  • Person X Situation  WHAT IS THE INTERACTIVE EFFECT OF YOUR PERSONALITY AND THE SITUATION ON YOUR BEHAVIOR?


Slide3 l.jpg

Do you really want to hear the typical B.S. everyone else writes? Sorry, I just ran out of B.S. so, my name is Brandon and that is all you get. If you want to know more about me you can do it the hard way like everyone else. :) Ok, thats a little harsh. I guess I could give you some info about me. I Draw,listen to metal, Play electric bass, read way too much, live alone,have no kids, like playing pool, movies are good and I like to roll around in the grass for no reason at all.Also, my favorite quote "If the world didn't suck, we would all fall off." Oh yeah, I am not a member so if you want to talk, you have to leave me a way to get in touch with you.

Well after a string of bad dating choices I'm very much ready to find a girl who brings the best out of me, and I do the same for her. I'd love to meet someone who challenges me to the core, who is witty, well-read, and is able to laugh at herself. I am a pretty easy-going, down to earth guy. I love the simple things: a good barbecue with friends, a quiet night at home, etc. Thanks!


Slide4 l.jpg

Which one is Stephenwmjones?

Which one is SeveredWings?


Psychoanalytic perspective l.jpg

Psychoanalytic Perspective

  • Id, Ego & Superego; psychosexual stages

  • Defense mechanisms; projective tests


Humanistic perspective l.jpg

Humanistic Perspective

  • Abraham Maslow and self-actualization

  • Carl Rogers and self-concept


Slide7 l.jpg

“Soon after I entered the famous red burlap room with pictures of dreams on the wall, he summoned me to his inner office. He did not speak to me but sat in expectant silence … I had to find a suitable conversational gambit … I told him about a small boy about 4 years of age who had displayed a conspicuous dirt phobia. He kept saying to his mother, “I don’t want to sit there … don’t let the dirty man sit beside me.” … His mother … was dominant and purposive looking …. When I finished … [he] fixed his kindly therapeutic eyes on me and said, “And that little boy was you?” Flabbergasted and feeling a bit guilty, I contrived to change the subject. While Freud’s misunderstanding of my motivation was amusing, it also started a deep train of thought …I [had] told him of an episode on the tram car on the way to his office.”


The trait approach l.jpg

The Trait Approach

  • Gordon Allport

  • Definition: A characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act, as assessed by self-report inventories and peer reports


Slide9 l.jpg

THE CALIFORNIA PSYCHOLOGICAL INVENTORY

NORM-FAVORING

ALPHA

BETA

INTROVERSION

EXTRAVERSION

1-7

GAMMA

DELTA

NORM-DOUBTING

3rd dimension


Slide10 l.jpg

Alphas: External, Norm Favoring

Forceful, Dominant, Ambitious, Assertive, Extroverted, Action oriented, Managerial, Emphasize accountability & deadlines

High: Charismatic leader

Low: Manipulative, self-serving, authoritarian

Betas - Internal, Norm Favoring

Low keyed, Nurturing, Responsible, Stable, Predictable, Preserve values of group, Prefer role of follower

High: Inspirational models of propriety

Low: Overly cautious, rigid & fearful conformists


Slide11 l.jpg

Gammas - External, Norm Doubting

Innovative, Clever, Adventurous, Questioning status quo, Visionaries, strategic leaders,

Likely to change mission and goals

High: Creative, perceptive, innovative

Low: Rebellious, impulsive, self-indulgent

Deltas -Internal, Norm Doubting

Reflective, Detached, Preoccupied, Perceptive, Scientific or technical expert, Managers for small groups

High: Idealistic, imaginative, artistic

Low: Reserved, conflicted, withdrawn, often psychiatric inmates


Other important inventories l.jpg

Other Important Inventories

  • Eysenck Personality Questionnaire

  • Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

  • Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory or MMPI (Hathaway)


Theoretical or atheoretical l.jpg

Theoretical or atheoretical?

  • “I get all the sympathy I should.”

  • “I prefer baths to showers.”

  • “No one seems to understand me.”

  • “Nothing in the newspaper interests me other than the comic section.”

  • “I have trouble sustaining friendships.”

  • “I like poetry.”


The big five factors l.jpg

The “Big Five” Factors

  • Costa & McCrae (1986)

  • Acronym OCEAN


Slide15 l.jpg

O

Self-report

  • Multitrait Multimethod Approach

  • Campbell & Fiske

C

Measure

Peer-report

E

A

Behavioral Indices

N


The overclaiming questionnaire l.jpg

The Overclaiming Questionnaire

  • Del Paulhus (2003)

  • Self-enhancement

  • Socially desirable responding


Exploring your myth mcadams l.jpg

Exploring Your Myth (McAdams)

  • Eight Key Events: Peak experience, Nadir experience, Turning point, Earliest memory, Important childhood memory, Important adolescent memory, Important adult memory and other important memory

  • Significant people

  • Stresses and Problems

  • Personal Ideology

  • Life Theme

  • Future Script


Slide18 l.jpg

The STOMP


Scoring l.jpg

Scoring


Norms l.jpg

Norms


  • Login