Fascism
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 22

Fascism PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 62 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Fascism. Fascism. a.A system of government marked by centralization of authority under a dictator, stringent socioeconomic controls, suppression of the opposition through terror and censorship, and typically a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism.

Download Presentation

Fascism

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Fascism

Fascism


Fascism1

Fascism

  • a.A system of government marked by centralization of authority under a dictator, stringent socioeconomic controls, suppression of the opposition through terror and censorship, and typically a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism.

  • b.A political philosophy or movement based on or advocating such a system of government.

  • 2.Oppressive, dictatorial control.


Fascism2

Fascism

  • Model-Napoleon I

    • Restoration of the glory of France

    • Military conquest

    • Prevention of political opposition

    • Secret police

    • Control of the press

    • Propaganda

    • Strict censorship


Fascism3

Fascism

  • Italy after WWI

    • Impoverished

    • Got less from treaty than hoped

  • Benito Mussolini (1883-1945)

    • Socialist

    • School teacher

    • Syndicalist

    • Irredentist


Fascism4

Fascism

  • Reversed political direction 1914

  • Joined the army

  • Wounded (in grenade practice)

  • Edited Popolo D’Italia

  • Founded Fasci d'Azione Rivoluzionaria

  • Founded the Fasci de Combattimento

    • Fascism becomes a political movement


Fascism5

Fascism

  • Formation of Fascisti

    • “Black Shirts”

  • Elected to Parliament 1921

  • Gains support of Industrialists/Agrarians

    • OK’s strike braking

  • Lawlessness/anarchy spread in Italy

    • Becomes Premier 1922


Fascism6

Fascism

  • 1925-26

    • Introduces strict censorship

    • Outlaws opposition parties

    • Assumes dictatorial powers

  • Head of government

  • Head of the party


Fascism7

Fascism

  • Trade unions deprived of any independence

    • integrated into "corporative system”

    • The aim: place all Italians in various professional organizations or "corporations,” all under governmental control

  • Newspaper editors personally chosen by Mussolini

  • Teachers in schools and universities had to swear an oath to defend the Fascist regime


Fascism8

Fascism

  • Late 1920’s

    • In order to woo industrialists Mussolini allowed private owner ship

    • 1930‘s he began moving to the opposite extreme of rigid governmental control of industry

  • Foreign policy

    • Aggressive nationalism

      • Albania

      • Lybia

      • Ethiopia

        • Opposed by League of Nations

        • Causes Mussolini to throw in w/ Hitler


Fascism9

Fascism

  • Actively supports Franco 1936-’39

  • Chairs the Munich Pact 1938

  • ’39 announces annexation of

    • Malta

    • Corsica

    • Tunis


Fascism10

Fascism

  • 22 May 1939 Pact of Steel w/ Germany

    • If it should happen, against the wishes and hopes of the Contracting Parties, that one of them becomes involved in military complications with another power or other Powers, the other Contracting Party will immediately step to its side as an ally and will support it with all its military might on land, at sea, and in the air.


Fascism11

Fascism

  • Germany

    • Economy destroyed

    • War guilt

    • Reparations

    • Loss of Territory

    • “Stabbed in the back”

      • Politicians

      • Industrialists

      • Bankers

      • Jews


Fascism12

Fascism

  • Hitler “…that maniac of ferocious genius” Churchill

    • Austrian born

    • Failed in school

    • Artist

    • Draft dodger

    • 5 years in Vienna

    • Hatred for Jews

    • 1914 crossed to Germany

    • Joins German Army


Fascism13

Fascism

  • Bavarian Infantry Regiment

    • Runner

    • Corporal

    • Iron Cross 3d class

    • Gassed Oct 1918

    • Germany surrenders while he is in hospital

    • 1920 Joins debating society

      • German workers party

      • Renamed National Socialist German Workers Party(Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei)

      • 1921 Party reorganized

      • Hitler as chairman


Fascism14

Fascism

  • Attracted veterans

  • Paramilitary

  • Revolutionary

  • Ludendorf

  • 8 November 1923 attempted the "beer-hall putsch” Munich

  • Overthrow government

  • Arrested


Fascism15

Fascism

  • Sentenced to 5 years

  • Serves 9 months

  • Writes Mein Kampf

  • Decides to work w/in political system

  • Nazi party grows slowly till 1929

  • Acquired German citizenship

  • Ran for president 1932

    • Lost

    • Paul von Hindenburg


Fascism16

Fascism

  • Wooed Industrialists/bankers

    • Anti-communist

    • Anti union

  • Super race

  • Scapegoat

  • Chancellor January 1933

  • Promises elections

  • Burns the Reichstag

    • Communist signal for revolution

  • Voted emergency powers


Fascism17

Fascism

  • Communist/Socialist parties under ban

  • Election gives Nazis majority

  • Enabling Law

  • 7 April 1933 Nazi officials put in charge of all local government in the provinces

  • 2 May 1933, trades unions abolished funds taken leaders put in prison

  • 14 July 1933 illegal to form a new political party Nazi Party the only legal political party in Germany


Fascism18

Fascism

  • August 1934

    • Von Hindenburg dies

    • Hitler combines President and Chancellor

    • “Der Fuehrer”


Fascism19

Fascism

  • The Nazi Party-a shadow government

    • 1. The Fuehrer

    • 2. Reichsleiter Party Directorate (16)

    • 3. Gauleiter Regional leader (42)

    • 4. Kreisleiter Subdivision of Gau

    • 5. Ortsgruppenleiter 1,500-3000 households

    • 6. Zellenleiter 4-8 city blocks

    • 7. Blockleiter 40-60 households


Fascism20

Fascism

  • Ideology

    • Extremely loose

    • Based very much on “anti”

      • Anti-treaty

      • Anti-Semitic

      • Anti-Communist

      • Anti-Capitalist

      • Nationalistic


Fascism21

Fascism

  • Nazis did much better at accomplishing nationalistic efforts than socialistic ones

  • Centralized economic planning

  • Centralized industry


  • Login