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Science and Skepticism. Marianna Wood. the nature of science. observable facts tentative explanations no proof DATA, DATA, DATA. the nature of science. incremental If I have seen farther than others it is because I have stood on the shoulders of giants. Isaac Newton self-correcting.

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Science and skepticism

Science and Skepticism

Marianna Wood


The nature of science
the nature of science

  • observable facts

  • tentative explanations

    • no proof

    • DATA, DATA, DATA


The nature of science1
the nature of science

  • incremental

    • If I have seen farther than others it is because I have stood on the shoulders of giants.Isaac Newton

  • self-correcting


Scientific uncertainty
scientific uncertainty

  • scientists comfortable with uncertainty

  • policy makers and the general public less comfortable with uncertainty

  • how can scientists communicate uncertainty?


Scientific uncertainty1
scientific uncertainty

Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change


A scientist s view
a scientist’s view

  • hacked e-mails from the Climate Research Unit of the University of East Anglia

  • IPCC mistake on Himalayan glacier melt


human cause?

50%

18%

http://pewresearch.org/pubs/1386/cap-and-trade-global-warming-opinion


Liberals and conservatives
liberals and conservatives

“Liberals did appear to be

more open, tolerant, creative, curious, expressive, enthusiastic, and drawn to novelty and diversity,

in comparison with

conservatives, who appeared to be

more conventional, orderly, organized, neat, clean, withdrawn, reserved, and rigid.”

Carney, Jost, Gosling, and Potter. 2008. Political Psychology 29:807-840


Liberals and conservatives1
liberals and conservatives

  • conservatives

    • distrust “elites”

    • respect and protect the status quo

  • acknowledging climate change  status quo must change

  • Begley. 21 Dec 2009. Newsweek p32.


    human cause?

    50%

    33%

    18%

    http://pewresearch.org/pubs/1386/cap-and-trade-global-warming-opinion


    A scientist s view1
    a scientist’s view

    • saying something repeatedly/loudly/ disparagingly does not make it true

    • rich primary literature on climate change with many, many participants


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