Political Institutions of China. Elections designed to give the party-state greater legitimacy Party controls elections to prevent dissent Direct, secret-ballot elections at local level Found most common at the village level (could be a façade) Indirect elections at other levels . ELECTIONS .
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Political Institutions of China
CCP CHINESE GOVERNMENTPLA
Three parallel hierarchies
Principle of dual role
China's policy making is governed more directly by factions and personal relationships (guanxi)
NATIONAL PARTY CONGRESS
Meets every 5 years for a week
NATIONAL PEOPLES CONGRESS
Meets Yearly for 2 weeks
They are elected for 5-year terms by National Peoples Congress, nominated by CCP’s National Party Congress
They also serve on Central Military Commission, which oversees the PLA
The CCP’s leader is the general secretary and he is in charge of bureaucracy, or Secretariat
The National Peoples Congress chooses a Central Committee of 200 that meets every 2 months to conduct business
Inside this is the Central Committee’s Standing Committee which functions every day
Standing Committee of Politburo includes president and prime minister, plus closest associates, and the party legislative “branch” and party executive is joined with government executive
"Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun.“ - Mao
The second half of Mao's famous quote above is less often quoted:
"Our principle is that the party commands the gun, and the gun must never be allowed to command the party."
This propaganda poster represents life in the "Red Army" - the military under Mao before the People's Republic of China was formed in 1949.
Democratic reforms can be seen in these ways:
During the long process of history, by relying on our own diligence, courage and wisdom, Chinese people have opened up a good and beautiful home where all ethnic groups live in harmony and fostered an excellent culture that never fades.-CCP Chairman XI jinping
Mao: population control policies were ‘imperialist tools’ designed to weaken developing countries
post-Mao: “two-child family” campaign
1979: Deng instituted “one child policy”