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Scientific Method MIQ’s. Why do scientists follow the scientific method? What are the steps to the Scientific method? How can I remember the steps in order?. Problem. Step 1 This is what we want an answer for. Problem continued. This must be a question. It must include a question mark.

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Scientific method miq s

Scientific MethodMIQ’s

Why do scientists follow the scientific method?

What are the steps to the

Scientific method?

How can I remember the steps in order?


Problem
Problem

  • Step 1

  • This is what we want an answer for.


Problem continued
Problem continued.

  • This must be a question.

  • It must include a question mark.

    ???


Research
Research

  • Step 2

  • Information to help answer questions.

  • Also called background research.

  • This can be “bookwork” (or internet) or it can be lab or field observations(real world stuff…remember that?


Research cont
Research cont.

  • Start by outlining the experiment and doing an experimental design diagram.

  • Determine the controls and variables. Controls or constants are the things that are kept the same throughout the experiment.


Research cont1
Research cont.

  • The variables are the things that you change or that change because of the experiment.


Hypothesis
Hypothesis

  • Step 3

  • This is called a predication as to how one variable will affect another.

  • It is often written as and if…then statement.


Experiment
Experiment

  • Step 4

  • Here’s where the fun begins.

  • This is the process of setting up a controlled situation to support your hypothesis.


Experiment cont
Experiment cont.

  • Determine what data you have to collect and design a data table to support (or refute) the hypothesis.

  • Data should be specifically measurable. This means you observe, AND record color, height, weight, etc (###)


Experiment cont dependent and independent variables
Experiment cont.Dependent and Independent Variables

  • The independent variable is the one you (the experimenter) determines.

  • It is sometimes called the manipulated variable.


Experimental variables cont
Experimental variables cont.

  • The dependent variable is what changes as the result of the experiment.

  • Both variables should have columns in a data table.


Analysis
Analysis

  • Step 5

  • Graph, graph, graph

  • What does the data show you?


Analysis cont
Analysis cont.

  • Did the independent variable cause the change in the dependent variable?

  • So to simplify…analyzing results means look at the data what does it tell you?


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • Using the data and the graph generated, answer the question that was originally asked.

  • Always refer to the data and the hypothesis when writing the conclusion.


Report results in writing
Report results in writing

  • Include all of the above in a standard format that demonstrates a clear connection between independent and dependent variables.


Report cont
Report cont.

  • Note all possible errors and biases.

  • What are further hypotheses or experiments to further support this one?


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