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Practice and Profession. Medicine for women or medicine by women?. Image: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MaryCorinnaPutnamJacobi.jpg. Emily Blackwell. Elizabeth Blackwell. M.P. Jacobi. Image: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_36.html.

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slide2

Medicine for women or medicine by women?

Image: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MaryCorinnaPutnamJacobi.jpg

Emily Blackwell

Elizabeth Blackwell

M.P. Jacobi

Image: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_36.html

Image: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_35.html

the assumptions of women s medicine
The Assumptions of Women’s Medicine
  • 1) women are morally superior
  • 2) women are guardians of general social welfare
  • 3) it is appropriate that women (and possibly children) be cared for by women
  • 4) heavy sectarian reliance on women practitioners
      • (1500 of 14000 homeopaths by 1900)
women s medical pioneers
women’s medical pioneers
  • Elizabeth Blackwell (1821-1910)
      • 1847-9 Geneva Medical College
      • 1854 NY Dispensary for Women and Children
      • Emily Blackwell and Marie Zakrzewska – Western Reserve University
  • Women’s Medical College of Philadelphia, 1850
  • Women’s and Children’s Hospital of New York, 1856
  • Mary Putnam Jacobi (1842-1906)
      • 1864 WMC
      • 1871 professor WMC of NY
  • The Hopkins deal, c. 1896: if women fund, women must be admitted
marginalized or mainstream
Marginalized or Mainstream
  • Jacobi vs. Blackwell
  • Is Women’s medicine “medicine”?
  • Deprofessionalization of women’s medicine
      • The fall of the dispensary
      • The rise of scientific nursing
      • Nutritionists
      • Visiting nurses
      • Social work
      • Sanitary inspection
  • 1910 – 9000 = 6%; greatest until c. 1965
credits
Credits

Slide 2

  • Photo of Elizabeth Blackwell. In the public domain. Accessed from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_35.html on August 4, 2010.
  • Photo of Mary Putnam Jacobi. In the public domain. Accessed from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MaryCorinnaPutnamJacobi.jpg on August 4, 2010.
  • Photo of Emily Blackwell. In the public domain. Accessed from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_36.html on August 4, 2010.
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