Practice and profession
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Practice and Profession. Medicine for women or medicine by women?. Image: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MaryCorinnaPutnamJacobi.jpg. Emily Blackwell. Elizabeth Blackwell. M.P. Jacobi. Image: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_36.html.

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Practice and Profession

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Practice and profession

Practice and Profession


Practice and profession

Medicine for women or medicine by women?

Image: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MaryCorinnaPutnamJacobi.jpg

Emily Blackwell

Elizabeth Blackwell

M.P. Jacobi

Image: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_36.html

Image: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_35.html


The assumptions of women s medicine

The Assumptions of Women’s Medicine

  • 1) women are morally superior

  • 2) women are guardians of general social welfare

  • 3) it is appropriate that women (and possibly children) be cared for by women

  • 4) heavy sectarian reliance on women practitioners

    • (1500 of 14000 homeopaths by 1900)


Women s medical pioneers

women’s medical pioneers

  • Elizabeth Blackwell (1821-1910)

    • 1847-9 Geneva Medical College

    • 1854 NY Dispensary for Women and Children

    • Emily Blackwell and Marie Zakrzewska – Western Reserve University

  • Women’s Medical College of Philadelphia, 1850

  • Women’s and Children’s Hospital of New York, 1856

  • Mary Putnam Jacobi (1842-1906)

    • 1864 WMC

    • 1871 professor WMC of NY

  • The Hopkins deal, c. 1896: if women fund, women must be admitted


  • Marginalized or mainstream

    Marginalized or Mainstream

    • Jacobi vs. Blackwell

    • Is Women’s medicine “medicine”?

    • Deprofessionalization of women’s medicine

      • The fall of the dispensary

      • The rise of scientific nursing

      • Nutritionists

      • Visiting nurses

      • Social work

      • Sanitary inspection

  • 1910 – 9000 = 6%; greatest until c. 1965


  • Credits

    Credits

    Slide 2

    • Photo of Elizabeth Blackwell. In the public domain. Accessed from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_35.html on August 4, 2010.

    • Photo of Mary Putnam Jacobi. In the public domain. Accessed from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MaryCorinnaPutnamJacobi.jpg on August 4, 2010.

    • Photo of Emily Blackwell. In the public domain. Accessed from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_36.html on August 4, 2010.


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