English accents
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English accents. 5. Statistical analysis. variables: - linguistic e.g. phonological, syntactic, lexical - non-linguistic e.g. class, sex, age, region, ethnicity, style. Can we show associations between linguistic and non-linguistic variables?. e.g. between h-dropping and lower social class.

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English accents

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English accents

English accents

5. Statistical analysis


English accents

variables:- linguistice.g. phonological, syntactic, lexical- non-linguistice.g. class, sex, age, region, ethnicity, style

Can we show associations between linguistic and non-linguistic variables?

e.g. between h-dropping and lower social class


H h dropping

(h)-0 = zero, no [h]

(h)-1 = [h]

(h) = h-dropping

variants

variable

in London schoolchildren, 1977: percentage (h)-0


English accents

(-ng)

(ng)-0 [ŋ] (ng)-1 [n]

variants

variable

Norwich, formal style, percentage [n]


English accents

(-ng)

(ng)-0 [ŋ] (ng)-1 [n]

Norwich, percentage [n]


English accents

(ur) in NYC

environment: _C only

variants: [ɜɪ], [ɝ]

Labov 1966

percentage of [ɜɪ]


English accents

(ou) in Milton Keynes

GOAT words

=100%

(ou)-0 [o:, oU]

(ou)-1 [6U, 6Uã]

(ou)-2 [{ÞY]

(ou)-3 [{I]

NB effects of rounding


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