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4.0 Accelerator Physics & Pre-operations (1.10). Phil Martin, Stan Ecklund, Rick Baartman & Peter Limon 4.1Accelerator Physics 4.1.1 Findings The hot spare ion source has proved useful in development and reliability tests. Reliability is much improved, but still needs more improvement.

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4.0 Accelerator Physics & Pre-operations (1.10)

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4 0 accelerator physics pre operations 1 10

4.0 Accelerator Physics & Pre-operations (1.10)

Phil Martin, Stan Ecklund, Rick Baartman & Peter Limon

4.1Accelerator Physics

4.1.1 Findings

  • The hot spare ion source has proved useful in development and reliability tests. Reliability is much improved, but still needs more improvement.

  • Commissioning of DTL1 was very productive. Energy and phase jitter appear to be within spec, but the horizontal emittance does not. There are features of the beam halo and of the beam characteristics as a function of time along a single pulse that are not understood.

  • The LEBT chopper still is not functional. It has had failure problems. Work continues.

  • The electromagnetic noise reduction effort has paid off.

  • The commissioning plans are well thought out and have sufficient detail.

  • Application software has progressed well. A system is in place that allows scripts to be quickly written which efficiently assists the commissioning efforts.

  • The ORBIT code has now been extended to include e-cloud effects. As well it has been benchmarked more thoroughly against PSR data;


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4.1.2 AP Comments

  • We encourage work on improving front end pulse flatness and pulse-to-pulse variations.

  • The excellent performance of the linac beam diagnostics systems and applications interfaces resulted in very productive DTL commissioning runs.

  • The beam centroid appears to wander around especially during the first 50 microseconds of the pulse. The cause is not known but is being pursued. We eagerly await these demonstrations. Work should also continue on understanding the causes of the horizontal beam halo and centroid wander.

  • The LEBT chopper development has been disappointingly slow. We applaud the decision to install it on the hot spare, so that it can be developed independent of commissioning runs.

  • There appears to be little progress on the MEBT chopper. We would like to see a schedule and plan developed for this component.

  • We suspect that there will be other systems that will require “tender loving care” before and after commissioning. We are gratified to see that continued attention is being given to the ion source, and advise the SNS management to remember when scheduling and distributing manpower that there will be other systems that will require such “TLC.”

    4.1.3 AP Recommendations:

  • Develop and publish schedules for delayed items such as choppers and scrapers.


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4.2 Pre-Operations - Installation & Commissioning

4.2..1 Findings:

  • Tremendous progress has been made in installation since the last review in November, 2003, but much remains to be done..

  • The commissioning of the DTL 1-3 went well and was very productive.

  • There is a detailed commissioning schedule with ARRs and commissioning teams defined.

  • SNS has spent about one-third of the PreOps budget, of ~$120 million, and half of the ASD PreOps of $64 million. The ASD manpower projections for preops to the end uses essentially all of the remaining ASD preops budget.

  • The water system was responsible for most (75%) of the downtime during the DTL1-3 commissioning. The problems are a combination of hardware and controls. There were also separate water conductivity problems affecting the ion source.


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4.2 Pre-Operations - Installation & Commissioning

4.2.2 Comments

  • Commissioning is a major pre-ops activity. We suspect that there will be other systems that will require “tender loving care” before and after commissioning. We are gratified to see that continued attention is being given to the ion source, and advise the SNS management to remember when scheduling and distributing manpower that there will be other systems that will require such “TLC.”

  • We suspect that considerably more than half of the ASD commissioning remains. Hence, the preops budget is very tight. Budget categories, of course, are not necessarily important. A tight budget is good, but requires constant vigilance.

  • Personnel for commissioning are identified and budgeted, but delays in deliveries of components or difficulties in commissioning of systems could squeeze the commissioning, stressing the available manpower. The partner labs might be useful as a source of expert manpower if problems arise.

  • The water systems problems are recognized by SNS management, and remediation is underway.

    4.2.3 Recommendations

  • Present a status report on the water systems at the next review

  • Keep lines of communication and involvement open between SNS and the partner laboratories, even though their project work is complete.


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4.2 Pre-Operations - Transition to operations

4.2.1 Findings

There is a plan for making a transition from construction to operations that has considerable detail in management structure and manpower.

4.2.2 Comments:

  • This plan seems to make sense, but it is difficult to say whether it is the best plan. In any case, it is a dynamic document that can be changed. What is important to note that such a plan exists and the SNS management should be commended for thinking far ahead.

  • It should also be noted that the manpower, particularly the technician manpower is lean. SNS is assuming exceptional quality in this group to compensate for the small numbers. ASD’s intention is to bring in help from their lab partners when necessary.

    4.2.3 Recommendations

  • Keep the lines of communications and involvement open between SNS and the partner labs even though their project work may be complete.


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4.2 ?????

  • Findings:The SNS project is planning only to procure spare Lambertson magnet coils,as opposed to full magnets.

  • Comments:Lambertson magnets have complicated vacuum chambers which are susceptible todeveloping leaks. The magnets also become highly activated, complicatingrepairs.The magnets are also very expensive which drives the decision to procureonly spare coils. A magnet failure during commissioning could delay furthercommissioning by as much as two months, and of course would have similar ramifications afterCD-4. The committee views the decision not to have spare magnets with someconcern.

  • Consider building complete spares of the Lambertson magnets and other complicated devices.


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