Site control and accepted safety practices
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Site Control and Accepted Safety Practices. Hazmat Industry Technician. Hazwoper Regulation Requirements. Coordinate operations through ICS One individual in charge. Incident Commander Responsibilities. ID all hazards Hazardous substances Site hazards May have been done in ERP.

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Site Control and Accepted Safety Practices

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Site control and accepted safety practices

Site Control and Accepted Safety Practices

Hazmat Industry Technician

Hazwoper regulation requirements

Hazwoper Regulation Requirements

  • Coordinate operations through ICS

  • One individual in charge

Incident commander responsibilities

Incident Commander Responsibilities

  • ID all hazards

    • Hazardous substances

    • Site hazards

  • May have been done in ERP

Incident commander responsibilities1

Incident Commander Responsibilities

  • Implement “appropriate” operations

  • Assure the use of proper PPE

    • May be specified in ERP

Incident commander responsibilities2

Incident Commander Responsibilities

  • Ensure use of SCBAs

Incident commander responsibilities3

Incident Commander Responsibilities

  • Limit number of personnel on site

  • Use buddy system

    • In exclusion zone

Incident commander responsibilities4

Incident Commander Responsibilities

  • Ensure standby EMS is available

Incident commander responsibilities5

Incident Commander Responsibilities

  • Designate a “safety official”

    • Knowledge of operations & product involved

Incident commander responsibilities6

Incident Commander Responsibilities

  • Implement appropriate decontamination

Hazwoper and ppe

Hazwoper and PPE

  • PPE requirements designed to protect you

  • OSHA requirements general not specific

Hazwoper and ppe1

Hazwoper and PPE

  • Must use SCBA when conditions

    • Create IDLH condition

    • Impair ability to escape

Hazwoper and ppe2

Hazwoper and PPE

  • Must use fully encapsulated suits when

    • Skin absorption hazard present

      • May cause IDLH condition

      • Impair ability to escape

Hazwoper and ppe3

Hazwoper and PPE

  • Purpose: reduce exposure

  • No one-size-fits-all

  • No all-hazard suits or gloves

  • There are no BLEVE suits

Nfpa requirements

NFPA Requirements

  • OSHA Regulation – Law

  • NFPA consensus standards – Recommendations

    • OSHA reg refers to NFPA standards

    • Recommends following them

Nfpa standards hazmat

NFPA Standards & Hazmat

  • NFPA 472 – training recommendations

  • NFPA 1991 – vapor protective suits

  • NFPA 1992 – Splash-protective suits

Nfpa recommendations

NFPA Recommendations

  • Maintain personnel accountability

  • Write Incident Action Plan (IAP)

  • Team should have adequate communications

  • Implement control zones

Site safety plan requirements

Site Safety Plan Requirements

  • Site Safety Plan (SSP) notrequired

  • OSHA recommendsusing one

  • So what should you do?

Ssp and erp


  • Site Safety Plan is included in ERP

  • Emergency response may require additional forms and/or incident-specific info

Plan should address

Plan Should Address

  • Safety, health and hazard analysis

  • Employee training requirements

  • PPE

Plan should address1

Plan Should Address

  • Medical surveillance

  • Monitoring – frequency and type

  • Site control measures

Plan should address2

Plan Should Address

  • Decon procedures

  • Confined space entry procedures

  • Spill containment

Ssp and erp1


  • Plan is designed to protect you

  • Incident may require additional plan info

  • Should be part of incident briefing

Facility standard safety practices

Facility Standard Safety Practices

  • Site policies will be in ERP

  • Instructor will discuss guidelines

So aso hm and entry briefings

SO, ASO-HM and Entry Briefings

  • OSHA requires a Safety Officer

    • Must be knowledgeable in operations

    • Must be able to ID hazards

    • Has authority to suspend operations

Assistant safety officer hm

Assistant Safety Officer - HM

  • Focuses on hazmat issues

  • Reports to incident safety officer

  • Coordinates with hazmat group

Duties of aso hm

Duties of ASO-HM

  • Select PPE

  • Prepare SSP

  • Complete medical-related paperwork

Aso and entry briefings

ASO and Entry Briefings

  • ASO-HM will ID and assess hazards

  • Will make recommendations for hazard control

  • Info passed to you in Entry Briefings

Typical hazards all emergencies

Typical Hazards (All Emergencies)

  • Slips, trips and falls

  • Motor vehicle accidents

  • Heat-related illness

Typical hazards hazmat

Typical Hazards – Hazmat

  • Confined spaces

  • Hazardous atmospheres

  • Damaged equipment/structures

  • Environmental hazards

  • Fire/Explosion hazards

Entry briefing

Entry Briefing

  • Verbal briefing using SSP as template/checklist

  • SSP given to responders

Entry briefing contents

Entry Briefing Contents

  • Entry objectives

  • Site hazards

  • Personnel assignments & responsibilities

  • PPE required

  • Emergency procedures

Safety hazards of ppe

Safety Hazards of PPE

  • Limited visibility

  • Reduced dexterity

  • Claustrophobia

  • Restricted movement

Safety hazards of ppe1

Safety Hazards of PPE

  • Heat-related illness

Ppe and heat stress

PPE and Heat Stress

  • CPC interferes with body’s cooling mechanisms

Cpc a hazardous environment

CPC a Hazardous Environment

  • Core body temperature will increase!

    • Increasing body temp causes heat stress

    • Heat stress can lead to heat-related illness

Heat related illness

Heat-Related Illness

  • Heat Edema

  • Heat Rash

  • Heat Cramps

  • Heat Exhaustion

  • Heat Stroke

Preventing heat stress

Preventing Heat Stress

  • Water

  • Shade

  • Training

Avoiding heat stress in hazmat

Avoiding Heat Stress in Hazmat

  • Reduce physical demands

  • Increase break times

    • Number and frequency

  • Adjust work times

  • Ensure adequate rehab

So and heat stress

SO and Heat Stress

  • SO monitors & enforces fluid replacement

    • Thirst is not a reliable indicator of dehydration

Heat stress medical monitoring

Heat Stress & Medical Monitoring

  • SO ensures it’s done

  • Will monitor vital signs

    • Heart rate

    • Body temperature

    • Blood Pressure

  • ERP will specify procedures to follow

Medical monitoring guides

Medical Monitoring Guides

  • ERP will specify action levels for vitals

    • (i.e. When you have to take the suit off)

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