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Site Control and Accepted Safety Practices. Hazmat Industry Technician. Hazwoper Regulation Requirements. Coordinate operations through ICS One individual in charge. Incident Commander Responsibilities. ID all hazards Hazardous substances Site hazards May have been done in ERP.

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Site control and accepted safety practices

Site Control and Accepted Safety Practices

Hazmat Industry Technician


Hazwoper regulation requirements
Hazwoper Regulation Requirements

  • Coordinate operations through ICS

  • One individual in charge


Incident commander responsibilities
Incident Commander Responsibilities

  • ID all hazards

    • Hazardous substances

    • Site hazards

  • May have been done in ERP


Incident commander responsibilities1
Incident Commander Responsibilities

  • Implement “appropriate” operations

  • Assure the use of proper PPE

    • May be specified in ERP



Incident commander responsibilities3
Incident Commander Responsibilities

  • Limit number of personnel on site

  • Use buddy system

    • In exclusion zone


Incident commander responsibilities4
Incident Commander Responsibilities

  • Ensure standby EMS is available


Incident commander responsibilities5
Incident Commander Responsibilities

  • Designate a “safety official”

    • Knowledge of operations & product involved


Incident commander responsibilities6
Incident Commander Responsibilities

  • Implement appropriate decontamination


Hazwoper and ppe
Hazwoper and PPE

  • PPE requirements designed to protect you

  • OSHA requirements general not specific


Hazwoper and ppe1
Hazwoper and PPE

  • Must use SCBA when conditions

    • Create IDLH condition

    • Impair ability to escape


Hazwoper and ppe2
Hazwoper and PPE

  • Must use fully encapsulated suits when

    • Skin absorption hazard present

      • May cause IDLH condition

      • Impair ability to escape


Hazwoper and ppe3
Hazwoper and PPE

  • Purpose: reduce exposure

  • No one-size-fits-all

  • No all-hazard suits or gloves

  • There are no BLEVE suits


Nfpa requirements
NFPA Requirements

  • OSHA Regulation – Law

  • NFPA consensus standards – Recommendations

    • OSHA reg refers to NFPA standards

    • Recommends following them


Nfpa standards hazmat
NFPA Standards & Hazmat

  • NFPA 472 – training recommendations

  • NFPA 1991 – vapor protective suits

  • NFPA 1992 – Splash-protective suits


Nfpa recommendations
NFPA Recommendations

  • Maintain personnel accountability

  • Write Incident Action Plan (IAP)

  • Team should have adequate communications

  • Implement control zones


Site safety plan requirements
Site Safety Plan Requirements

  • Site Safety Plan (SSP) notrequired

  • OSHA recommendsusing one

  • So what should you do?


Ssp and erp
SSP and ERP

  • Site Safety Plan is included in ERP

  • Emergency response may require additional forms and/or incident-specific info


Plan should address
Plan Should Address

  • Safety, health and hazard analysis

  • Employee training requirements

  • PPE


Plan should address1
Plan Should Address

  • Medical surveillance

  • Monitoring – frequency and type

  • Site control measures


Plan should address2
Plan Should Address

  • Decon procedures

  • Confined space entry procedures

  • Spill containment


Ssp and erp1
SSP and ERP

  • Plan is designed to protect you

  • Incident may require additional plan info

  • Should be part of incident briefing


Facility standard safety practices
Facility Standard Safety Practices

  • Site policies will be in ERP

  • Instructor will discuss guidelines


So aso hm and entry briefings
SO, ASO-HM and Entry Briefings

  • OSHA requires a Safety Officer

    • Must be knowledgeable in operations

    • Must be able to ID hazards

    • Has authority to suspend operations


Assistant safety officer hm
Assistant Safety Officer - HM

  • Focuses on hazmat issues

  • Reports to incident safety officer

  • Coordinates with hazmat group


Duties of aso hm
Duties of ASO-HM

  • Select PPE

  • Prepare SSP

  • Complete medical-related paperwork


Aso and entry briefings
ASO and Entry Briefings

  • ASO-HM will ID and assess hazards

  • Will make recommendations for hazard control

  • Info passed to you in Entry Briefings


Typical hazards all emergencies
Typical Hazards (All Emergencies)

  • Slips, trips and falls

  • Motor vehicle accidents

  • Heat-related illness


Typical hazards hazmat
Typical Hazards – Hazmat

  • Confined spaces

  • Hazardous atmospheres

  • Damaged equipment/structures

  • Environmental hazards

  • Fire/Explosion hazards


Entry briefing
Entry Briefing

  • Verbal briefing using SSP as template/checklist

  • SSP given to responders


Entry briefing contents
Entry Briefing Contents

  • Entry objectives

  • Site hazards

  • Personnel assignments & responsibilities

  • PPE required

  • Emergency procedures


Safety hazards of ppe
Safety Hazards of PPE

  • Limited visibility

  • Reduced dexterity

  • Claustrophobia

  • Restricted movement


Safety hazards of ppe1
Safety Hazards of PPE

  • Heat-related illness


Ppe and heat stress
PPE and Heat Stress

  • CPC interferes with body’s cooling mechanisms


Cpc a hazardous environment
CPC a Hazardous Environment

  • Core body temperature will increase!

    • Increasing body temp causes heat stress

    • Heat stress can lead to heat-related illness


Heat related illness
Heat-Related Illness

  • Heat Edema

  • Heat Rash

  • Heat Cramps

  • Heat Exhaustion

  • Heat Stroke


Preventing heat stress
Preventing Heat Stress

  • Water

  • Shade

  • Training


Avoiding heat stress in hazmat
Avoiding Heat Stress in Hazmat

  • Reduce physical demands

  • Increase break times

    • Number and frequency

  • Adjust work times

  • Ensure adequate rehab


So and heat stress
SO and Heat Stress

  • SO monitors & enforces fluid replacement

    • Thirst is not a reliable indicator of dehydration


Heat stress medical monitoring
Heat Stress & Medical Monitoring

  • SO ensures it’s done

  • Will monitor vital signs

    • Heart rate

    • Body temperature

    • Blood Pressure

  • ERP will specify procedures to follow


Medical monitoring guides
Medical Monitoring Guides

  • ERP will specify action levels for vitals

    • (i.e. When you have to take the suit off)


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