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Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Psychological Type Assessment Instrument Thanks to Dr. Don Parker Revised 9/26/02. MBTI Background Information. Based on Jung’s Theory of Psychological Type People differ in fundamental ways People differ in systematic and orderly ways

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Myers briggs type indicator

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

Psychological Type

Assessment

Instrument

Thanks to Dr. Don Parker

Revised 9/26/02


Mbti background information
MBTI Background Information

  • Based on Jung’s Theory of Psychological Type

  • People differ in fundamental ways

  • People differ in systematic and orderly ways

  • People differ because of the way they use perception and judgment


To think about
To think about

  • Not about intelligence or pathologies

  • Not exhaustive

  • Provides information on some key preferences, tendencies and traits but

  • You decide how accurate it is

  • Way to better know own behaviors to increase flexibility

  • Way to appreciate and build complementary work teams


Two basic mental activities

Perception

Process by which we become aware

Judgment

Process for coming to conclusions about awareness

Two basic mental activities

Thinking feeling

Sensing intuition


How one gets energy
How one gets energy

Extraversion Introversion

Directed Outward Directed Inward


Applying mbti information
Applying MBTI Information

MBTI data have proven useful for assisting people with:

  • Career choice

  • Organizational relationships

  • Intimate relationships

  • Communication

  • Problem solving

  • Improved learning strategies


Four scales continuum
Four scales - continuum

  • Extraversion----------------Introversion

  • Sensing--------------------------Intuition

  • Thinking-------------------------Feeling

  • Judgment-----------------------Perception


Dimensions summarized
Dimensions summarized

  • E-I: Where One Prefers to Focus; What Energizes her/him. Environment or ideas.

  • S-N: Type Of Preferred Information. How to think about things

  • T-F: Basis For Decisions. Objective vs. subjective data

  • J-P: How Person Prefers To Cope With Demands Of Outer World. Closure or defer for new info


Focus of attention extraversion
Focus Of Attention: Extraversion

E People:

  • Focus on outer world of people and activity.

  • Receive energy from interacting with people and taking action


Extravert characteristics
Extravert Characteristics

  • Typical E Characteristics:

    • Prefer to communicate by talking

    • Work out ideas, learn by talking things over.

    • Sociable and expressive

    • Take initiative in work and relationships. May act quickly, w/o thinking.


Focus of attention introversion
Focus Of Attention: Introversion

  • I People Prefer To:

    • Focus on their own inner world of ideas and experiences.

    • Direct their energy inward.

    • Receive energy from reflection, thought, and memories.


Introvert characteristics
Introvert Characteristics:

  • Drawn to personal inner world.

  • Prefer to communicate in writing.

  • Work out ideas through reflection.

  • Learn best through mental “practice.”

  • Private and contained.

  • Take initiative only when issue is personally important.


Sensing
Sensing

  • S People Prefer Information To Be:

    • Real and tangible.

    • Reflective of what is actually happening.

    • Specific and measurable.


Sensor characteristics
Sensor Characteristics

  • Oriented to present realities.

  • Factual and concrete.

  • Focus on the “real and actual.”

  • Observe and remember specifics.

  • Build carefully toward conclusions.

  • Comprehend ideas/theories through practical application.

  • Trust own experience.


Intuition
Intuition

  • Favor “Big Picture” information.

  • Focus on relationships and connections between and among facts.

  • Seek to discover/grasp patterns.

  • Especially attuned to recognizing new possibilities.


Intuitor characteristics
Intuitor Characteristics

  • Oriented to future possibilities.

  • Imaginative and verbally creative.

  • Focus on patterns and meanings In data.

  • Move quickly to conclusions; follow hunches.

  • Trust own inspiration.

  • Seek to clarify ideas before applying them.


Decision making style thinking
Decision-Making StyleThinking

  • T People:

    • Look for logical consequences of a choice or action.

    • Place themselves personally at a distance from decisions.

    • Examine pros and cons objectively.

    • Are energized by identifying what’s wrong so they can “solve the problem.”


Thinker characteristics
Thinker Characteristics

  • Analytical.

  • Use cause-and-effect reasoning.

  • Solve problems logically.

  • Strive for objective standard of truth.

  • Reasonable.

  • Tough-Minded.

  • Fair; seek equity.


Decision making style feeling
Decision-Making StyleFeeling

  • F People:

    • Prefer to use feelings in decision-making.

    • Consider what is important to self and others involved.

    • Identify with those affected.

    • Base decisions on personal values about honoring people.

    • Like to praise others.

    • Seek to create harmony and to treat each person as unique.


Feeler characteristics
Feeler Characteristics

  • Empathetic.

  • Guided by personal values.

  • Assess effects of decisions on people.

  • Strive for harmony and positive Interactions.

  • Compassionate.

  • “Tenderhearted.”

  • Want everyone treated As unique individual.


Dealing with outer world judging
Dealing With Outer WorldJudging

  • J People:

    • Prefer to live in planned, orderly way.

    • Seek to regulate and manage own lives.

    • Want to make decision, achieve closure, move on.

    • J’s lives tend to be organized, structured, Settled.

    • Plans and schedules are important.

    • Energized by getting things done.


Judging characteristics
Judging Characteristics

  • Typical J :

    • Scheduled.

    • Organized.

    • Systematic.

    • Methodical.

    • Make Short/Long Term Plans.

    • Want Issues Settled/Decided.

    • Avoid Last-Minute Stress.


Dealing with outer world perceiving
Dealing With Outer WorldPerceiving

  • P People:

    • Prefer flexible, spontaneous way of life.

    • Prefer to experience and understand life rather than attempting to control It.

    • Feel confined by detailed plans.

    • Uncomfortable with decisions; prefer to remain open to new information & last-minute options.

    • Energized by own resourcefulness In adapting to demands of the last moment.


Perceiving characteristics
Perceiving Characteristics

  • Spontaneous.

  • Flexible.

  • Casual.

  • Open-ended.

  • Adaptable; willing to change course.

  • Keep things loose and open to change.

  • Feel energized by last-minute pressure.


Nf nt sj sp
NF,NT,SJ,SP

  • Another way to group clusters

  • 4 variations – rather than 16 so easier to grasp

  • NT, NF = each 12% of population

  • SJ,SP = each 38% of population


Characteristics of preferred jobs

NT

Creative

Logical

Analytic

Building new systems

Powerful

Big picture

NF

Problem solving

Being appreciated

Personal/friendly

Get good feedback

Work with integrity

flexible

Characteristics of preferred jobs


Ideal job

SP

Create as they go

High action

Variety

Unknown energizes

Spontaneous

Playful

Use humor

Don’t practice

SJ

Well defined rules/practices

Loyalty

Stable

Security

Accuracy valued

Regular evaluations

Ideal job…


Cautionary note meanings are unique to mbti
Cautionary NoteMeanings Are Unique To MBTI

  • Extraverts Are Not All Outgoing Or Talkative.

  • Introverts Are Not All Shy.

  • Feeling Does Not Mean Emotional.

  • Judging Does Not Mean Judgmental.

  • Perceiving Does Not Mean Perceptive.

  • Pay Careful Attention To Magnitude Of Scores As Well As Direction.

  • Do Your Scores “Feel” Right????



Group problem solving
Group Problem Solving

  • Sensing (facts)

    • Face facts, be realistic, find out what the situation is; avoid wishful thinking or sentiment

  • Intuition (possibilities)

    • Discover all the possibilities; put aside idea that current way is right way


Group problem solving1
Group Problem solving

  • Thinking (consequences)

    • Impersonally analyze cause and effect, consequences, costs, misgivings

  • Feeling (human values)

    • Weigh how deeply you care about what might be gained or lost. Consider other’s feelings, reasonable and unreasonable


Group exercise questions
Group Exercise Questions

  • Do Members Of Your Group Prefer:

    • To work problems out alone or talk them through with others?

    • To have information that is real and measurable or to seek patterns and relationships within the data?

    • To base decisions on careful thought or to Include broader concerns about how these decisions affect others?

    • To live in a careful, well-planned world or to take life “as it happens?”

    • Other dominant characteristics???


Resources
Resources

  • www.myersbriggs.org

  • www.capt.org

  • Gifts Differing, Isabel Briggs-Myers (with Peter Myers, consulting Psychologist Press, 1990.

  • Type Talk, Otto Kroeger & Janet M thuesen, Bantam Doubleday, 1988.


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