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HKCAN 7XX Model. A Goal achieved or mission impossible !. Outline. 1. Hong Kong’s quest for authority format to accommodate vernaculars and bilingual headings.

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Hkcan 7xx model

HKCAN 7XX Model

A Goal achieved or mission impossible !


Outline

Outline

  • 1. Hong Kong’s quest for authority format to accommodate vernaculars and bilingual headings.

  • 2. Traces MARBI discussion re content designation for alternative scripts, multilingual headings, transliteration, equiv. Headings etc.

  • 3. Compare HKCAN records and the latest discussed formats in Discussion paper 2001-05

  • 4. System design to support the new model

  • 5. Q & A


2 major quests on authority record

2 Major Quests on Authority record

  • To accommodate CJK vernacular headings

  • To accommodate additional heading(s) to meet the bilingual characteristics of the local community


Local development initiatives

Local development & initiatives

  • Jan 1998 Seminar on Chinese Information Processing In Libraries at HKUST

    • Letter was sent to urge the de-facto world leaders

  • Feb 1998 Lib-Chinese Listserv

    • a lot of valuable discussions

  • June 1998 Future of Authority Control for CJK Name headings” Abraham Yu, UC, Irvine at 海峽兩岸圖書館與資訊服務研討會

  • Jan 1999 - HKCAN Project

    • Group effort


Format discussions

Format discussions

  • Jun 16, 1997, DP100Recording additional characteristics in USMARC Authority records

  • May 1, 1998, DP108Recording language of heading in USMARC Authority records

  • May 6, 1998, DP109Identifying transliteration schemes in USMARC formats

  • May 1,1998, DP111Alternate graphic without 880 in Bibliographic, Holdings, Authority, and Community Information records

  • Oct 1999MARC21 format for Authority Data

    * July 2000 - Adoption of 7xx model (recommended by Barbara Tillett)

  • Jun 8, 2001, DP2001-05Multilingual Authority Records in the MARC 21 Authority Format


Dp100

DP100

Discuss the characteristics under 2 models:

Model A Single record

Model B Multiple records

  • Language of catalog 040 $b

  • Language of heading $7

  • Script $6<Script code>

  • Linking field $8

  • Transliteration $6<transliteration scheme>

  • Making 880 obsolete


Format discussion language

Format Discussion - Language

  • Language of catalog <Implemented>

    • Model A Single record

      • Each record is constructed around one heading for an entity and that heading is appropriate for a catalog in the lang. designated at 040$b.

      • All parallel forms of the 1xx headings in other languages are treated as variant and traced in 4xx.

    • Model B Multiple records

      • Each record is constructed ... is appropriate for a catalog in the language designated at 040$b

      • Existence of parallel record


Format discussion language dp 100 108

Format Discussion - Language (DP:100, 108)

  • Language of heading ($7)

    • Model A Single record

      040 $beng

      100 10$aMarx, Karl,$d1818-1883$7eng$7ger

      400 10$aMarukusu,$d1818-1883$7jpn

      400 10$aMarx, Carlos,$d1818-1883$7spa

      400 10$aMarks, Karl,$d1818-1883$7rus

      400 10$aMarks, Karol,$d1818-1883$7pol

      400 10$aMarksas, Karolis$d1818-1883$7lit

      400 10$aMac, Cac$d1818-1883$7vie

    • Model B Multiple records


Format discussion script dp 100 109 111

Format discussion - Script (DP:100, 109, 111)

  • Script ($6) linking field ($8)

  • $8 to link alternate graphic representations when needed

  • $6 to indicate explicitly the script(s) in the field, if necessary.

    • Model A (with or without 880)

      • Without 880

        066 $alatin$bextended latin$ccyrillic

        100 1#$801\g$aZemtsovskii, I. I.$q(Izalii Iosifovich)

        100 1#$801\g$6/cyrillic$a<name in Cyrillic with initials>$q(<qualifier in Cyrillic>)

        400 1#$802\g$aZemtsovskii, Izalii Iosifovich

        400 1#$aZemtsovskiy, I.

        400 1#$802\g$6/cyrillic$a<name in Cyrillic>

  • An alternative would be to code the alternate graphic form of the

    1XX as a 4XX:


Format discussion script

Format Discussion - Script

  • Script ($6) linking field ($8)

    • Model B (Multiple records)

    • (with or without 880; need for 880s is limited)

  • 066 $alatin$bextended latin$ccyrillic

  • 100 1#$aZemtsovskii, I. I.$q(Izalii Iosifovich)

  • 400 1#$aZemtsovskii, Izalii Iosifovich

  • 400 1#$aZemtsovskiy, I.

  • 700 1#$6/cyrillic$a<name in Cyrillic with

  • initials>$q(<qualifier in Cyrillic>)

  • 066 $acyrillic$bextended cyrillic$clatin

  • 100 1#$a<name in Cyrillic with initials>$q(<qualifier in

  • Cyrillic>)

  • 400 1#$a<name in Cyrillic>

  • 700 1#$6/latin$aZemtsovskii, I. I.$q(Izalii Iosifovich)


Format discussion transliteration dp 100 109

Format Discussion - Transliteration (DP: 100, 109)

  • Transliteration ($6)

  • $6<linking tag>-<occurrence number>/<script code>/<fieldorientation code>/<transliteration scheme>

  • Model A & Model B

  • 040 $beng

  • 151 ##$aMoscow (Russia)

  • 451 ##$aMoskva (Russia)$6///<translit. scheme for Cyrillic>

  • 451 ##$aMoscou (Russia)$6///<thanslit. scheme for Cyrillic>

  • 451 ##$aMoskau (Russia)$6///<translit. scheme for Cyrillic>

  • 451 ##$aMoscova (Russia)$6///<translit. scheme for Cyrillic>

  • 451 ##$aMo-ssu-k'o (Russia)$6///<translit. scheme for

  • Cyrillic>


Format discussions1

Format Discussions

  • Summary of DP100

    • Use subfield 6

      • linking tag, script code, transliteration code

    • Use subfield 7

      • language of heading at the field level

    • Use subfield 8

      • linking alternative script in directly tagged fields

    • Make 880 obsolete

DP2001-05


Format discussions2

Format Discussions

  • Discussion Paper 2001-DP05

  • Date : June 8, 2001

  • Name : Multilingual Authority Records in the MARC21 Authority Format

  • Questions:

    • Can the authrity record support multilingual and multiscripts functions with respect to both record management and display?

    • Can the format support multilingual and multiscript OPAC displays more effectively?

    • Are adjustments needed for the bibliographic forma, or any of the other MARC 21 formats?


Task identified

Task identified

  • Propose changes to MARC21 coding structure that would support the identification of equivalent headings in multiple languages and/or scripts, and would provide for the syndetic structure needed to support those equivalent headings. …

  • The proposed solution should be generalizable and extensible, to accommodate a variety of data models, if possible.


General conclusions

General conclusions

  • Identification at the field level of the lang. of a heading by itself is not generally useful,

  • Identification at the field level of the script of a heading does not appear to be necessary; with UNICODE implementation, scripts can be identified programmatically

  • The rules by which a heading is formulated, usually expressed by identification of cataloguing codes or thesauri, need to be identified at the appropriate levels.

  • Coding may be appropriate for different aspects of a heading, including an identification of what it is and its intended purposes.


3 models

3 Models


Model a single record

Model A - Single record

  • Model A One authority record is constructed for each entity. Different forms of the 1xx heading (in other languages, scripts, etc.) are treated as variant reference

    Example


Model a single record1

Model A - single record

(1) 040 $a XXX $b eng $c XXX

(2) 100 0# $a Cleopatra, $c Queen of Egypt, $d d. 30 B.C.

[Form used in the Library of Congress catalog]

(3) 400 0# $a Cleopatre, $c Queen of Egypt, $d d. 30 B.C.

(4) 400 0# $a Kilyubatra, $c Queen of Egypt, $d d. 30 B.C.

(5) 400 0# $a Kleopatra, $c Queen of Egypt, $d d. 30 B.C.

(6 400 0# $a Kliyubatra, $c Queen of Egypt, $d d. 30 B.C.

(7) 400 0# $a Cleopatre $b VII $c (reine d'Egypte ; $d 0069-0030 av. J.-C.) $? fre

[Form used in the Bibliotheque Nationale de France catalog]

(8) 400 0# $a Cleopatra $b VII $c (reine d'Egypte ; $d 0069-0030 av. J.-C.)

(9) 400 0# $a Kleopatra $b VII $c (reine d'Egypte ; $d 0069-0030 av. J.-C.)

(10) 400 0# $a <arabic form of name romanized according to French convention> $b VII

$c (reine d'Egypte ; $d 0069-0030 av. J.-C.)

(11) 400 0# $a Kleopatra, $c Agypten, Konigin, $b VII $d av69-v30 $? ger

[Form used in the Deutsche Bibliothek catalog]

(12) 400 0# $a Cleopatra, $c Agypten, Konigin, $b VII

(13) 400 0# $a Kleopatra, $c die Grosse

(14) 400 0# $a <arabic name romanized according to German convention>, $c Agypten, Konigin,

$b VII

(15) 400 0# $a <name in Arabic script>, $c Agypten, Konigin, $b VII

(16) 400 0# $a <heading for Cleopatra in an Arabic catalog, formulated according to

appropriate convention> $? ara

[Form used in an Arabic language catalog]

(17) 400 0# $a <reference tracing(s) for heading in Arabic>

(18) 400 0# $a Cleopatre $b VII, $c reine d'Egypte, $d m. 30 av. J.-C. $? fre

[Form used in the National Library of Canada French language catalog]


Model b multiple records

Model B - Multiple records

  • Model B An authority record is constructed for each separate established heading for an entity. The heading in the 1xx field is appropriate for a catalog in the language designated at the record level by the code in subfield $b of the 040 field. The 4xx and 5xx traced headings constitute the reference structure for the 1xx heading

    Example


Model b multiple records1

Model B - Multiple records

Prologue for global sharing?

001 ea55555

040 ## $a XXX $b eng $c XXX

100 0# $a Cleopatra, $c Queen of Egypt, $d d. 30 B.C.

400 0# $a Cleopatre, $c Queen of Egypt, $d d. 30 B.C.

400 0# $a Kilyubatra, $c Queen of Egypt, $d d. 30 B.C.

400 0# $a Kleopatra, $c Queen of Egypt, $d d. 30 B.C.

400 0# $a Kliyubatra, $c Queen of Egypt, $d d. 30 B.C.

700 04 $a Cleopatre $b VII $c (reine d'Egypte ; $d 0069-0030 av. J.-C.) $? fre $0 fa44444

700 04 $a Kleopatra, $c Agypten, Konigin, $b VII $d av69-v30 $? ger

700 04 $a <Heading for Cleopatra for an Arabic catalog, formulated according to appropriate convention> $? ara $0 aa66666

700 06 $a Cleopatre $b VII, $c reine d'Egypte, $d m. 30 av. J.-C. $? fre $0 cfa77777

001 fa44444

040 $a XXX $b fre $c XXX

100 0# $a Cleopatre $b VII $c (reine d'Egypte ; $d 0069-0030 av. J.-C.)

400 0# $a Cleopatra $b VII $c (reine d'Egypte ; $d 0069-0030 av. J.-C.)

400 0# $a Kleopatra $b VII $c (reine d'Egypte ; $d 0069-0030 av. J.-C.)

400 0# $a <Arabic name romanized according to French convention> $b VII $c (reine d'Egypte ; $d 0069-0030 av. J.-C.)

700 04 $a Cleopatra, $c Queen of Egypt, $d d. 30 B.C. $? eng $0 ea55555

700 04 $a Kleopatra, $c Agypten, Konigin, $b VII $d av69-v30 $? ger $0 ga33333

700 04 $a <Heading for Cleopatra for an Arabic catalog, formulated according to

appropriate convention> $? ara $0 aa66666

700 06 $a Cleopatre $b VII, $c reine d'Egypte, $d m. 30 av. J.-C. $? fre $0 cfa77777


Model c recommended

Model C(Recommended)

  • Model C is the linked record model presented of Model B, but rather than defining the established headings and equivalent established headings solely in terms of the language of the catalog, they are defined by a catalog context. The context of a catalog is a composite entity.


Attributes of model c

Attributes of Model C

  • 1. The context of a catalog is a composite entity

    • primary component: rules

    • language of catalog; or audience

  • 2. The 4xx and 5xx reference tracings in the record are appropriate to the 1xx heading in that contexts

  • 3. Alternative headings would be recorded in the 7xx fields in the authority record, with context marker

  • NOTE: Separate records for alternative headings are not required ...


Hkcan 7xx model

Example of Model C record

001 ea55555

008/10 (Cataloging rules): c (AACR2)

008/11 (Subject system/thesaurus rules): a (LCSH)

040 $b (Language of cataloging): eng (English)

100 0# $a Cleopatra, $c Queen of Egypt, $d d. 30 B.C.

400 0# $a Cleopatre, $c Queen of Egypt, $d d. 30 B.C.

400 0# $a Kilyubatra, $c Queen of Egypt, $d d. 30 B.C.

400 0# $a Kleopatra, $c Queen of Egypt, $d d. 30 B.C.

400 0# $a Kliyubatra, $c Queen of Egypt, $d d. 30 B.C.

700 04 $a Cleopatre $b VII $c (reine d'Egypte ; $d 0069-0030 av. J.-C.)

$? <context> $0 fa44444

700 04 $a Kleopatra, $c Agypten, Konigin, $b VII $d av69-v30 $? <context>

$0 ga33333

700 04 $a <Heading for Cleopatra in Arabic, formulated according to appropriate

convention> $? <context> $0 aa66666

700 06 $a Cleopatre $b VII $c reine d'Egypte, $d 30 av. J.-C. $? <context>

$0 cfa77777

?

?


Model c context marker

Model C - context marker

Context Marker $7

<rules=cataloging code or thesaurus designation> / <audience> / <language of catalog>

e.g. $7aacr//chi $7aacr//spa $7rak

Example


Hkcan 7xx model

Example 1 - Multilingual name headings (no linked records illustrated)

008/10 (Cataloging rules): c (AACR2)

008/11 (Subject system/thesaurus rules): a (LCSH)

040 $b (Language of cataloging): eng (English)

100 0# $a John Paul $b II, $c Pope, $d 1920-

400 0# $a Joannes Paulus $b II, $c Pope, $d 1920-

400 0# $a Juan Pablo $b II, $c Pope, $d 1920-

400 0# $a Jean Paul $b II, $c Pope, $d 1920-

400 0# $a Johannes Paul $b II, $c Pope, $d 1920-

400 0# $a Joann Pavel $b II, $c Pope, $d 1920- <etc.>

510 2# $a Catholic Church. $b Pope (1978-: John Paul II)

700 04 $a Juan Pablo $b II, $c Papa, $d 1920- $7 aacr//spa

700 06 $a Jean Paul $b II $c pape, $d 1920- $7 aacr//fre

700 04 $a Jean Paul $b II $c (Pape), $d 1920- $7 ncafnor

700 04 $a Johannes Paul $c Papst, $b II $7 rak

700 04 $a <Chinese heading for John Paul> $b II $c <Chinese designation for Pope> $d 1920- $7 aacr//chi

700 _4=source not specified


Advantages

Advantages

Because the notion of “context”may be adjusted to suit various situations, Model C is extensible and flexible.

  • It supports any reference structures required by the cataloguing or thesaurus rules used

  • It supports simple identification of alternative headings for display, in addition to linking to alternative authority records with their full reference structures.

  • Context markers would be optional or records that apply only to a single context, or when the context functionality is not needed for record management or displays.

"How are about HKCAN records?”


Hkcan 7xx model

08941020nc acannaabn |a aaa |||

010 $anr 94034993

035 $a(DLC#)nr 94034993a

040 $aDLC-R$beng$cDLC-R$dOCoLC$dHkCU$dHkCAN

066 $c$1

100 1 $aZhou, Ying,$d17th cent.

400 1 $wnne$aChou, Ying,$d17th cent.

400 1 $aZhou, Fangshu,$d17th cent.

400 1 $a周方叔,$d17th cent.

400 1 $aChou, Fang-shu,$d17th cent.

670 $aChih lin (卮林), 1992:$bt.p. (Chou Ying)

670 $aChung wen ta tz{176}u tien (中文大詞典):$bv. 6, p. 290 (Chou Ying; of Ming;

native of P{176}u-t{176}ien; t. Fang-shu; author of Chih lin; lived around the mid of

Emperor Ch{176}ung-chen reign)

670 $aHis 卮林 : 10卷, 附補遺1卷, [1963]:$bt.p. (周嬰)

670 $a中國人名大辭典, 1934:$bp. 545 (周嬰, 明莆田人, 字方叔, 崇禎中以貢生知

上猶縣, 所著卮林, 体近類書)

700 1 $a周嬰,$d17th cent.

$7aacr//chi

Subfield 7 context marker

2nd indicator 4 or 7


Another example

Another example

100 1 $a周嬰,$d17th cent.

400 1 $wnne$aChou, Ying,$d17th cent.

400 1 $aZhou, Fangshu,$d17th cent.

400 1 $a周方叔,$d17th cent.

400 1 $aChou, Fang-shu,$d17th cent.

670 $aChih lin (卮林), 1992:$bt.p. (Chou Ying)

670 $aChung wen ta tz{176}u tien (中文大詞典):$bv. 6, p. 290 (Chou Ying; of Ming;

native of P{176}u-t{176}ien; t. Fang-shu; author of Chih lin; lived around the mid of

Emperor Ch{176}ung-chen reign)

670 $aHis 卮林 : 10卷, 附補遺1卷, [1963]:$bt.p. (周嬰)

670 $a中國人名大辭典, 1934:$bp. 545 (周嬰, 明莆田人, 字方叔, 崇禎中以貢生知

上猶縣, 所著卮林, 体近類書)

700 1 $aZhou, Ying,$d17th cent.

Allow swap of headings


Hkcan 7xx model

040 $aNIC$beng$cNIC$dNIC$dOCoLC$dHkCU$dHkCAN

066 $c$1

100 1 $aDong, Jianhua,$d1937-

400 1 $wnne$aTung, Chien-hua,$d1937-

400 1 $aTung, C. H.$d1937-

400 1 $aTung, Chee-Hwa,$d1937-

510 1 $aHong Kong (China).$bChief Executive (1997- : Dong)

510 1 $a香港(中國).$b行政長官(1997- : 董)

670 $aTung Chien-hua p{176}ing chuan (董建華評傳), 1996:$bp. 12

(English name C.H. Tung) p. 111 (b. 1937 in Shanghai)

670 $aRadio broadcast, Dec. 11, 1996$b(elected chief executive

of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China)

670 $aABC World News To-night, Dec. 23, 1996:$bcaption (Tung Chee-Hwa)

700 1 $a董建華,$d1937-


Hkcan 7xx model

040 $aHkCU$cHkCU

066 $c$1

110 1 $aHong Kong (China).$bProvisional Legislative Council Commission

410 2 $aProvisional Legislative Council Commission (Hong Kong, China)

410 2 $aLin shi li fa hui xing zheng guan li wei yuan hui (Hong Kong, China)

410 2 $a臨時立法會行政管理委員會(香港, 中國)

510 1 $wa$aHong Kong.$bLegislative Council Commission

510 1 $wa$a香港.$b立法局行政管理委員會

510 1 $wb$aHong Kong (China).Legislative Council Commission

510 1 $wb$a香港(中國).$b立法會行政管理委員會

670 $aIts 事務報告, 1997-98:$bcover (臨時立法會行政管理

委員會 The Provisional Legislative Council Commission)

710 1 $a香港(中國).$b臨時立法會行政管理委員會

Parallel field needed?

Linking needed?

For maintenance?

For display?


Innopac system interface

INNOPAC System interface

Working on it …, improving …, and ... in the right direction …

Your input is important!


Hkcan 7xx model

OK ?

See also earlier

See also later


Goal achieved yes or no

Goal achieved?

Yes or No


Hkcan 7xx model

  • 100 0 $aBingxin,$d1900-

  • 400 0 $aBing-xin,$d1900-

  • 400 0 $wnne$aPing-hsin,$d1900-

  • 400 1 $wnnaa$aHsieh, Wan-ying,$d1902-

  • 400 1 $aXie, Wanying,$d1900-

  • 400 1 $a謝婉瑩,$d1900-

  • 400 1 $aXie, Bingxin,$d1900-

  • 400 1 $a謝冰心,$d1900-

  • 400 0 $aNanshi,$d1900-

  • 400 0 $a男士,$d1900-

  • 400 1 $aXie, Shuixin,$d1900-

  • 400 1 $aWu Xie, Wanying,$d1900-

  • 400 2 $a吳謝婉瑩,$d1900-

  • 400 1 $aHsieh, Wan-ying,$d1900-

  • 400 1 $aHsieh, Ping-hsin,$d1900-

  • 400 0 $aNan-shih,$d1900-

  • 400 1 $aHsieh, Shui-hsin,$d1900-

  • 400 1 $aWu Hsieh, Wan-ying,$d1900-

  • 400 0 $aBing Xin,$d1900-

  • 700 0 $a冰心,$d1900-


Hkcan 7xx model

?


There are still more to do

There are still more to do ...

Standardization of HKCAN records, more discussion on the HKCAN 7xx model

More members to join and contribute

Enhancement of HKCAN OPAC

More testing on the OPAC linking. Is there other display options?

How does INNOPAC support the authority control of 7xx when data maintenance is concerned?


Thank you maria lau cuhk dec 11 2001 hkiug

Thank you :)

Maria Lau (CUHK) Dec 11, 2001 HKIUG


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