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都市交通擁擠收費技術之研究 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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都市交通擁擠收費技術之研究. 期末報告簡報. 民國9 5 年11月. 簡報大綱. 一、計畫概述 二、文獻回顧與相關案例 三、收費技術發展分析 四、都市交通擁擠收費技術評估 五、示範測試計劃之規劃與推動策略 六、都市交通擁擠收費訪談及調查分析 七、結論與建議. 一、計畫概述. 1.1 計畫背景 1.2 計畫目的 1.3 計畫內容. 1.1 計畫背景. 我國近年來積極推動智慧型運輸系統 ( ITS) 的發展與建置,而電子收付費服務 ( EPS) 為 ITS 九大服務領域之一,電子收費 ( ETC) 則為 EPS 之重要項目

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都市交通擁擠收費技術之研究

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9511



1.1

1.2

1.3


1.1

  • (ITS)(EPS)ITS(ETC)EPS

  • ETC


1.2

  • ITS


1.3



    • DSRC

    • 87

    • DSRCVPS

    • 951

    • 997



N/A


119.5


LCP



  • 1998ERP

  • ERP

    • 270,000235,10013%

    • 7:30~9:3016%


  • 2003LCP

    • 11,000300

  • LCP

    • 20%

    • 7~1012%10%

    • 30%

    • 13km/hr17km/hr

    • 37%

    • 50%


1986~2004(7~10)





  • 24

  • ETC


3.1

3.2

3.3


3.1


3.2


()


    • (Automatic Vehicle Identification)

    • (Automatic Vehicle Classification)

    • (Video Enforcement System)


3.2.1


(Dedicate Short Range CommunicationDSRC)

  • (Infrared Beacon)(infrared transceiver)(beacon head)(beacon controller)

  • /(transponder or tag)(transceiver or reader)(transceiver antenna)(beacon)


(Dedicate Short Range CommunicationDSRC)

  • RFIDRFIDRFID(Tag)(Reader)(Middleware system)(Electronic Product Code, EPC)

  • WLANIEEE(Base Station, BS) (Subscriber Station, SS) (Terminal Equipment, TE) (Intercell Links)(Network Equipments)


(Vehicle Positioning SystemVPS)

  • (Network-Based Positioning)(Terminal-Based Positioning)


AVI

    • GPS

    • GSM

    • GPRS

    • Wireless LAN


(Vehicle Positioning SystemVPS)

  • (OBU)

  • (GPS)(GSM/GPRS)(Wireless LAN)


AVI


3.2.2


3.2.3


3.2.4


3.3




GPS



  • 3GGPS

  • ETC


4.1

4.2

4.3


4.1


4.2

4.2.1

4.2.2

4.2.3


4.2.1


4.2.2


4.2.3

/



()


  • (AVI)

  • (AVC)


(AVI)


(AVI)


(AVI)()


(AVC)


(AVC)()


4.3

  • (AVI)(AVC)(VES)(VPS)

  • ERP2008VPSVPSVPS


4.3

  • VPSDSRCVPSDSRCVPSDSRC


5.1

5.2

5.3

5.4


5.1

  • /

  • /



5.2

  • D

  • (100)

  • ()

  • ()



67101


  • E()

  • ()101


  • D

  • 2039



5.2

()


5.3




6.1

6.2


6.1

    • ITS


  • 997

  • (ETTM

  • ITS



6.2


6.2.1

    • 2


6.2.2








7.1

7.2


7.1


    • 20502040.7%30.7%5041.1%

    • 47%41%61%

    • 3

  • 4


  • 1SOGO12

  • 3636


7.2

  • (AVI)(AVC)

  • (VES)


  • ITS553ITS



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