Introduction. ?Nearly 65% of the total electric energy produced in the USA is consumed by electric motors." - R. Krishnan, ?Electric Motor Drives". Some Applications of Electric Drives . Electric PropulsionPumps, fans, compressorsPlant automationFlexible manufacturing systemsSpindles and servosAppliances and power toolsCement kilnsPaper and pulp mills; textile millsAutomotive applicationsConveyors, elevators, escalators, lifts.