Local partnerships of social inclusion: a tool for active employment policy?. Zuzana Kusá – David Kostlán Institute for Sociology Slovak Academy of Sciences Second ASPEN conference: Activation and Security
Zuzana Kusá – David Kostlán
Institute for Sociology Slovak Academy of Sciences
Second ASPEN conference: Activation and Security
Stream 2 Employment friendly policies in Post-Communist Europe – activation as security?
March 20-21, 2009,
Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
How does a new context matter for effectiveness of SDF and LPSI as transferred policy tool?
How does the changing governance and financing framework of the SDF and LPSI shape the profile and implementation of the transferred policy?
Which conditions for activating those farest from labour market were not sufficiently fulfilled by SDF and LPSI?
2004 ALMP reform (Act No. 4/2004) employment policy?
fixed variety of employment services and measures (exception of pilot projects)
Centrally set rules of regional variation of their provision
specified categories of disadvantaged jobseekers as target groups (Reg. 2204/2002 Com);
delivered by labour offices
funded from SOP Human Resources as implementation of national programmes (drawing of ESF)
2004 Establishment of FDS (Decree of Ministry of LSAF) as the main instrument of
mainstreaming the Roma issue
operation in selected areas with highest level of depression
assisting disadvantaged communities „in unequal position in competition for structural funds“
executing comprehensive strategies including housing, health, economic activities and education through cross-sectoral interventions
facilitating community participation on preparation of local social inclusion strategies and projects tailored to target groups´ needs
implementation of NPVI of the SOP Human ResourcesSDF and LPSI as a complementary to ALMP reform
and its outcomes
Preparation of projects
Participation of target groups
understaffed financial administration in headquarters
Required two-level financial control was not secured
Necesssity for governance change (from final beneficiary to intermediate body of managing authority)
Development of more complex administrative structure in headquarters at the expense of closing down regional and local structure of the SDF (Gov.Res. 856/2006)
New programming period (2007- 2013)
Openning SDF to the whole country (except Bratislava); calls for high costs projects; Roma community losses its position of „privileged“ target group, Calls for LPSI make work on local inclusion strategy the core activity
protracted reimbursment of payments
Suspension of microproject cycles
SDF structures leaving the depressed areas
Target groups experiencing distancefrom LPSI „paper work“Developmental convolution of SDF
Dominant funding of activation/bottom up projects from structural funds results in:
necessary subordination to the n + 2 rule → insecurity, preference of individual survival strategies to „collective interests“
importance of „absorbing capacity“→ preference of high-cost projects
→ exclusion of disadvantaged groups living in depressed areas from competition.
This practice rather diminishes the chance of long term investments in regeneration and activation of the most disadvantaged areas.
Systematic pressures to reduce public expenditures promotes one-sided dependence of employment and welfare programmes on ESF and the rules of their drawing.
Universalisation of competitive principle and lack of „political will“ to justify positive action can cause that prospects of disadvantaged groups living in depressed areas in the new programming period would notincrease