Ashoka the great
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ASHOKA THE GREAT. 300 BCE – 232 BCE Presentation by:- Sameer Agrawal. Location. India. BACKGROUND INFORMATION. ASHOKA BELONGS TO MAURYAN DYNASTY HE IS THE THIRD KING OF MAURYAN DYNASTY. Timeline. Conversion to Buddhism 263 BCE. Death in 232 BCE. Birth of Asoka 300 BCE.

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ASHOKA THE GREAT

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Ashoka the great

ASHOKA THE GREAT

300 BCE – 232 BCE

Presentation by:-

Sameer Agrawal


Location

Location

India


Background information

BACKGROUND INFORMATION

  • ASHOKA BELONGS

    TO MAURYAN DYNASTY

  • HE IS THE THIRD KING

    OF MAURYAN DYNASTY


Timeline

Timeline

Conversion to Buddhism

263 BCE

Death in

232 BCE

Birth of Asoka

300 BCE

Reign begins

272 BCE

Marriage

284 BCE


Maurya dynasty

MAURYA DYNASTY

  • CHANDRAGUPTA MAURYA

  • (Founder & grand father of Ashoka)

  • BINDUSARA

    (Second king & father of Ashoka)

  • ASHOKA THE EMPEROR

    (Third king)


Chandragupta maurya

CHANDRAGUPTA MAURYA

  • Founded Mauryan Dynasty

    in 322 BC

  • Gained power shortly after

    Alexander ‘s death.

  • Was crowned King at Taxila

  • Had capital at Pataliputra

  • His minister Chanakya

    wrote Arthashastra


Ashoka the great1

ASHOKA THE GREAT

  • BEFORE THE KALINGA WAR

  • AFTER THE KALINGA WAR

  • LEGACY OF ASHOKA


Ashoka the great part i

ASHOKA THE GREATPART-I

BEFORE THE KALINGA WAR


Kalinga war

Kalinga War

  • Ashoka's reign as emperor

    began with a series of wars .

  • He conquered more lands

    and added them to his

    empire.

  • The Kalinga War of 260 BC

    was the worst of all.


A change of heart

A change of heart

  • The huge loss of life and

    suffering witnessed on

    the battlefield made him

    turn away from war.

  • So he was deeply

    influenced by Buddhism,

    and adopted the dharma

    principles


Ashoka the great part ii

ASHOKA THE GREATPART - II

AFTER THE KALINGA WAR


After kalinga war

AFTER KALINGA WAR

  • A. Dharma Principles

  • B. Spread of Buddhism

  • C. Ashoka the Administrator


A the dharma principles

A. The Dharma Principles

The main principles of dharma (dhamma)

  • nonviolence,

  • tolerance of all sects,

  • obedience to parents,

  • respect for Brahmans , teachers & priests

  • liberality towards friends,

  • humane treatment of servants,


Spread of buddhism

SPREAD OF BUDDHISM

  • Ashoka built shrines and

    monasteries and inscribed

    Buddhist teachings on

    rocks and pillars in many

    places.

  • He sent missionaries to

    countries.

  • His own son Kunal became a

    monk & carried Buddhism

    to Sri Lanka


Ashoka the administrator

Ashoka the administrator

  • Ashoka taught and convinced people to love and respect all living things.

  • He insisted on the recognition of the sanctity of all human life.

  • He abolished the unnecessary slaughter or mutilation of animals.

  • Ashoka banned sport hunting & thus protected wildlife.

  • He became vegetarian & most people chose to become vegetarians on their own.

  • He allowed one day leave to prisoners to go outside for a day of the year.


Ashoka the great part iii

ASHOKA THE GREATPART-III

LEGACIES OF ASHOKA


Legacies of ashoka

LEGACIES OF ASHOKA

  • SYMBOLIC LEGACY

  • BOLLYWOOD LEGACY


Symbolic legacy

SYMBOLIC Legacy

  • Indian government has

    adopted the famous lion

    capital from his pillar at

    Sarnath as official

    national emblem.


India s flag

India’s Flag

After Asoka’s death in 232 BCE the people of India decided to commemorate Ashoka by using his personal chakra. It can still be seen today on the Indian flag.

The word chakra is sandskrit and it means cycle or a repeating process.


Ashoka s wheel of law

Ashoka’s Wheel of Law

  • Asoka’s chakra is also know as the wheel of the dharma (way) and it symbolizes the 24 virtues in Buddhism. Some of these 24 virtues include: love, patience, peacefulness, courage, justice and mercy.


Bollywood legacy

BOLLYWOOD LEGACY

  • The film-ASHOKA- was

    directed by Santosh Sivan

    and stars Shahrukh Khan

    as Ashoka and Kareena

    Kapoor

    as Kaurwaki, a princess

    of Kalinga


Historical importance

Historical Importance

  • After the death of Asoka's father, Binder Sar, Ashoka and his older brother competed for the throne. The prime minister and other important ministers at the time though Asoka to be more discreet, capable and efficient ruler.

  • The next three years Ashoka focused on reestablishing peace.

  • During Asoka's rule theft declined and science, medicine and technology all flourished.

  • Buddhism received a significant boost of popularity when Ashoka converted to Buddhism.


Personal information

Personal Information

  • Asoka married a commoner called Karuwaki, she was a fisher.

  • He met her before his reign when he was sent to Taxshila to subdue an uprising as a general of the Mauryan empire.

  • Due to Ashoka’s success in the quelling of the uprising and his growing popularity, his step-brothers forced him into exile to prevent him from obtaining the throne.

  • Asoka however returned two years later being summoned by the emperor to quell another uprising.


Asoka the terrible

Asoka the terrible

  • Before Ashoka’s conquest of Kalinga he was known as Chandashok ( Chanda-cruel, shok-associated with Hindu goddess of eternal energy) Asoka was considered a bloodthirsty and power greedy individual. It was not until later, after the conquest of Kalinga, where Asoka received his revelation that he was considered great.


Thank you

THANK YOU

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