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Joint Task Force on Emission Inventories and Projections /EIONET Meeting, Istanbul, Turkey, 13 – 15 May 2013. UPDATE ON THE ACTIVITIES UNDER THE UNECE CONVENTION ON LONG-RANGE TRANBOUNDARY AIR POLLUTION (LRTAP). Krzysztof Olendrzyński Secretariat of the LRTAP Convention,

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Joint Task Force on Emission Inventories and Projections /EIONET Meeting,

Istanbul, Turkey, 13 – 15 May 2013

UPDATE ON THE ACTIVITIES

UNDERTHE UNECE CONVENTION ON LONG-RANGE TRANBOUNDARY AIR POLLUTION (LRTAP)

Krzysztof Olendrzyński

Secretariat of the LRTAP Convention,

UNECE, Geneva, Switzerland

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE


OUTLINE /EIONET Meeting,

  • 1. Amendments to the Gothenburg Protocol

  • 2. Amendments to the Protocol on Heavy Metals

  • 3. Other developments in the framework of the Convention (EMEP SB and the Executive Body)


1. Amendments to the Gothenburg Protocol /EIONET Meeting,

  • Adopted by Parties to the 1999 Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-Level Ozone (Gothenburg Protocol) at the 30th session of the Executive Body on 4 May 2012

  • National emission reduction targets for 2020 (compared to 2005 base year ) for key air pollutants: sulphur and nitrogen oxides, ammonia and volatile organic compounds

  • Uniform set of air pollutant standards for stationary and mobile sources (Emission Limit Values)

  • Adoption – for the first time – of reduction targets for fine particulate matter PM2.5

  • Inclusion of black carbon (soot) as component of PM2.5

  • First legally binding agreement containing obligations to reduce the broader spectrum of short-lived climate forcers


1. Amendments to the Gothenburg Protocol /EIONET Meeting,

  • Article 5 Public Awareness

  • 1. Each Party shall … promote the provision of

  • information to the general public, incl. info on:

  • National annual emissions of sulphur, nitrogen oxides, ammonia, volatile organic compounds and particulate matter, including black carbon …

  • Depositions and concentrations of the relevant pollutants …

  • 2. … each Party may make information widely available to the public with a view to minimizing emissions, including information on:

  • (e) Human health, environmental and climate effects

  • associated with reduction of the pollutants

  • covered by the present Protocol


1. Amendments to the Gothenburg Protocol /EIONET Meeting,

Article 6 Strategies, policies, programmes, measures and information

2 bis. Each Party should, to the extent it considers appropriate, also develop and maintain inventories and projections for emissions of black carbon, using guidelines adopted by the Executive Body.

Article 7 Reporting

1 (d) Each Party should also report, where available, its emissions inventories and projections for emissions of black carbon, using guidelines adopted by the Executive Body.


1. Amendments to the Gothenburg Protocol /EIONET Meeting,

  • Article 7Reporting

  • 3. Upon the request of and in accordance with the timescales decided by the Executive Body, EMEP and other subsidiary bodies shall provide the Executive Body with relevant information on:

  • Ambient concentrations and depositions of sulphur and nitrogen compounds as well as, where available, ambient concentrations of particulate matter including black carbon, volatile organic compounds and ozone


1. Amendments to the Gothenburg Protocol /EIONET Meeting,

  • Introduction of flexibilities to encourage accession by the countries of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (article 3 bis on Flexible transitional arrangements and the annex VII on timescales under article 3):

    • Applicable for countries acceding to the Protocol

    • by 2019

    • Full implementation of ELVs no later than eight years after entry into force for the new Party, or 2022, whichever is sooner

    • In no case postponement of implementation of any limit values for new and existing stationary sources past 2030

    • Implementation plan identifying a timetable for full implementation of the specified provisions and triennial progress report


1. Amended Gothenburg Protocol: /EIONET Meeting,

Entry into force

  • The amended Gothenburg Protocol will enter into force when 2/3 of its 26 Parties accept the amendments.

  • The EU, Belarus, Croatia, Norway and Switzerland already announced their emission reduction commitments.

  • The US provisionally indicated a similar level of ambition with respect to abatement commitments to that of the EU.

  • The Russian Federation and other countries of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia indicated their intention to ratify the revised GP in the near future.


1. Guidance documents to the amended Gothenburg Protocol /EIONET Meeting,

  • At its 31st session, the Executive Body adopted:

    • Guidance document on control techniques for emissions of sulphur, nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds and particulate matter (including PM10, PM2.5 and black carbon) from stationary sources

    • Guidance document on economic instruments to reduce emissions of regional air pollutants

    • Guidance document on national nitrogen budgets

    • Guidance document on preventing and abating ammonia emissions from agricultural sources


  • Decision on adjustments under the Gothenburg Protocol to emission reduction commitments or to inventories for the purposes of comparing national total emissions with them (Decision 2012/3 at 30EB)

  • Application in extraordinary circumstances:

    • New emission source categories

    • Significantly changed emission factors

    • Significant change of methodology

  • Possibility to apply the adjustment procedure pending entry into force of the amendment (Decision 2012/4 at 30EB)

  • Guidance for adjustments (Decision 2012/12 at 31EB)


2. Amendments to the Protocol on Heavy Metals /EIONET Meeting,

  • Adopted by Parties to the 1998 Protocol on Heavy Metals at the 31st session of the Executive Body on 13 December 2012

  • More stringent emission limit values for emissions of cadmium, lead and mercury

  • Mandatory ELVs and timescales for their application

  • Extension of the emission source categories for the three heavy metals: production of silico- and ferromanganese alloys

  • Building on approach of Gothenburg Protocol, inclusion of considerable flexibilities to enable accession of countries in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia


2. Amendments to the 1998 Protocol on Heavy Metals /EIONET Meeting,

  • Adoption of expanded Guidance document on “Best available techniques for controlling emissions of heavy metals and their compounds from the source categories listed in annex II”

  • Agreement to revisit issues of mercury-containing products and emission limit values for heavy metals at EB session in 2014, following adoption of a global legally binding agreement on mercury (Minamata Convention to be signed in October 2013)


  • Other /EIONET Meeting, developments in the framework of CLRTAP

  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Montenegro, submitted proposals for adjustments to annex II to the Gothenburg Protocol, to add to it their names, together with emission levels and emission ceilings - to be reviewed and accepted by EMEP SB and Executive Body.

  • EB Decision 2012/13 on changing of the EMEP grid projection, spatial resolution and domain.

  • In-depth discussion on emission inventories: from science to policy

  • Joint EMEP-WGE technical workshop (reactive nitrogen, air pollution impact assessment beyond ECE region, new EMEP grid, contribution to the Gothenburg Protocol revision and air pollution impact on biodivercity and ecosystem services); in addition to highlighting the extent of existing collaboration, challenges and gaps in the current collaboration were identified


3. /EIONET Meeting, Other developments in the framework of CLRTAP

  • Upcoming review of the recommendations by the ad hoc group of experts on the Action Plan for the implementation of long-term strategy:

    • Consideration at the 51st session of the Working Group on Strategies and Review, 30 April – 3 May

    • Decisions to be taken by EB at its 32nd session, 9-13 December 2013

  • Development of the 2014-2015 workplan

    • Alignment with long-term strategy, targeting

    • Convention’s priorities and needs

    • Input by Centres and ask Forces in a new format, identifying link of planned activities/outputs with long-term strategy

    • Decision on workplan to be taken by EB at 32nd session


Preparations /EIONET Meeting, of the 2014-2015 Workplan

Division of the workplan by activity areas of activity rather than by bodies, EMEP and WGE centres, task forces and groups:

science, policy, compliance, capacity building, communication, outreach

Main activities, deliverables, time schedule, finances - template:


Other developments in the framework of CLRTAP /EIONET Meeting,

June 2012 WHO Press Release:


  • “Health Effects of Black Carbon” Report prepared by the Joint WHO/LRTAP Task Force on Health Aspects of Air Pollution ; April 2012 available at:

  • http://www.euro.who.int/en/what-we-publish/abstracts/health-effects-of-black-carbon

  • Policypaper on theHealtheffectsofParticulate Matter presentedtothe 31st sessionof theExecutive Body, (ECE/EB.AIR/2012/18)

Other developments in the framework of CLRTAP


  • Planned activities in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) countries

  • - dedicated extra-budgetary post in the Secretariat established in Sept. 2012 financed by contributions from Norway, Canada and the European Commission (EC).

  • - project proposal developed by the EC in collaboration with the Secretariat:

  • Air pollution reduction/management measures in EECCA countries assisting the ratification of Protocols under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary air Pollution

    • duration: late 2013/early 2014-2016; decision expected in May/June 2013; focus on Caucasus and Central Asian countries

    • various activities including technical capacity building

    • Secretariat has contacted several other potential donors


Other developments in the framework of CLRTAP Central Asia (EECCA) countries

  • decision on the High-level Meeting on Actions to Promote Improved Air Quality in the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia – postponed until December 2014


For further information Central Asia (EECCA) countries

  • http://www.unece.org/env/lrtap/welcome.html

  • Specific sections of LRTAP’s website:

  • “Amended Protocols”

  • “Guidance documents and other methodological materials”

  • Contact:

  • [email protected]

  • +41 22 9172 722


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