Social construction of gender
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Social Construction of Gender. Gender as…. Social Institution Social Process Structure . Social Institution . Built in societal norms and expectations Institution of marriage, family, employment, education, etc. Limitations and Accepted notions . Social Process.

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Social Construction of Gender

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Social construction of gender

Social Construction of Gender


Gender as

Gender as….

  • Social Institution

  • Social Process

  • Structure


Social institution

Social Institution

  • Built in societal norms and expectations

  • Institution of marriage, family, employment, education, etc.

    • Limitations and Accepted notions


Social process

Social Process

  • Creates distinguishable social statuses for the assignment of rights and responsibilities.

  • “Human beings produce gender, behaving in the ways they learned were appropriate fro their gender status…” (116).

  • Results in societal-built in norms and expectations.


Structure

Structure

  • Divides work in the home and in economic production

  • Legitimates those in authoritarian positions.

  • Organizes sexuality and emotional life.

  • Stratification System

    • Man = A

    • Wo-man = Not A


Privilege power and gender

Privilege, Power and Gender

  • “Conversely, because they are the superior group, white men do not have to do the ‘dirty work,’ such as housework; the most inferior group does it, usually poor women of color.” (117)


Gender and the social order

Gender and the Social Order

  • “The social order, as we know it in Western societies is organized around racial, ethnic, class, and gender inequality….therefore the continuing purpose of gender as a modern social institution is to construct women as a group to be the subordinates of men as a group.” (118)


Four propositions to the technologies of gender

Four propositions to the Technologies of Gender

  • 1) Gender is a representation

  • 2) Gender is constructed

  • 3) Changes over time.

  • 4) Affected by the deconstruction.

    • Technologies of Gender: Essay on Theory, Film, and Fiction ” by Teresa de Lauretis


T p s questions

T-P-S Questions

  • 1) How do Beyonce and Lauryn Hill do gender?

  • 2) How is their work, style, existence a gendered performativity?

  • 3) What relationship does gender have to society?

  • 4) What is meant by the ‘male gaze’?

  • 5) What is meant by the “politics of containment”?


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