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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE MOST MERCIFUL, THE MOST BENEFICENT. THEMATIC ROLES BY M YOUNAS SHEHZAD HAFEEZ ULLAH SUPERVIZED BY HONOURABLE DR.MUHAMMAD ASALM. THEMATIC ROLES. Thematic roles were introduced in generative grammar during the mid 1906 s and early 1970 s.
The roles that referents of the arguments of a verb play in the event or as the state that the verb denotes.
Argument are the constituent that are required for a sentence to be grammatical (subject ,object ,etc)
AGENT IS INITIATER, CAPABLE OF ACTING IN VOLITION
Rashid cooked the meat.
The fox jumped out of the bridge.
Ahmad raised the car with a jack.
The entity / person undergoing the effect of Rome action of a verb or undergoing some charge in state
John cut some wood.
The sun melted the ice.
Aslam sheltered the rock.
The entity (person or thing) that changes or moves by an action of a verb, whose location is described by verb.
The book is in the library.
Ali passed the ball.
The cup is in the shelf.
The entity which is aware of the action or state described by the predicate but which is not in control of action or state.
Kamran heard the door shut.
Naeem saw the smoke.
Seema felt ill.
The entity for whose benefit the action was performed.
They backed me a cake.
The clerk filled farm for his grandmother.
The manager signed a check for him.
The means by which an action is performed or something comes about.
I write is letter with the pen.
Ali opened the lock with the key.
They saw the Eid moon with a telescope.
The place is which something is situated or taken place.
The baby was hiding behind the curtain.
We offered prayers in the Mosque.
Rashid is teaching in school.
The entity towards which something is moved, either literally or metaphorically.
The driver handed his license to the police man.
He ran to the store.
Zahid told the Joke to his friend.
The entity from which something moves , either literally or metaphorically
I toke the pen from the drawer.
He returned from Russia.
Sakeena received a letter from her uncle.
The entity causing an effect (usually psychological ) in the experienced.
The noise of the horn frightened the passengers.
The last entertained the guests.
The jugular amused the audience.
Agented vs. Actor.
Patient vs. Theme
Instrument vs. Force
Goal vs. Recipient.
Allah Ditta take the book from Hafeez.
The car ran over the Dog.
Every agent is an actor but every actor is not an agent.
A role of recipient is sometime identified as a type of goal involved in action describing changes of possession.