Chimps brigada april 2012 el chaperno
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CHIMPS BRIGADA APRIL 2012 EL CHAPERNO. Trip Overview. APRIL 9Arrival APRIL 10 Trip preparation and travel to El Chaperno APRIL 11 AM Meeting Hospital San Vicente PM Meeting Health Committee APRIL 12El Chaperno School – Dental Charlas & Fluoride

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CHIMPS BRIGADA APRIL 2012 EL CHAPERNO

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Chimps brigada april 2012 el chaperno

CHIMPS BRIGADA APRIL 2012

EL CHAPERNO


Trip overview

Trip Overview

  • APRIL 9Arrival

  • APRIL 10 Trip preparation and travel to El Chaperno

  • APRIL 11 AM Meeting Hospital San Vicente

    PM Meeting Health Committee

  • APRIL 12El Chaperno School – Dental Charlas & Fluoride

  • APRIL 13AM Meeting Unidad de Salud Santa Maria Ostuma

    PM Health Committee training

  • APRIL 14Return to Santa Tecla, meeting with Sonia

  • APRIL 15Beach day, inventory of supplies

  • APRIL 16Departure


Trip objectives

Trip Objectives

  • INFORMATION GATHERING- To gain a better understanding of the medical services available to the community of El Chaperno

  • HEALTH COMMITTEE TRAINING - To learn more from the Health Committee about their desired training and community health care goals

  • FLUORIDE APPLICATION - To apply fluoride varnish to school children in the community

  • RENAL INSUFFICIENCY - To learn more about the current epidemic of renal insufficiency/failure in the region


1 information gathering medical systems

#1 INFORMATION GATHERING – Medical Systems


National system of health services

NATIONAL SYSTEM OF HEALTH SERVICES

FOR PATIENTS WITHOUT INSURANCE OR PERSONAL MONETARY RESOURCES:

  • Promotoras

  • Unidades de Salud

  • Regional hospitals

  • Specialty hospitals in San Salvador: Adults → Rosales

    Children → Bloom


National hospital of santa gertrudis

NATIONAL HOSPITAL OF SANTA GERTRUDIS

San Vicente

• 139 beds, 14000 sq meters

• New hospital building 2010 (old one destroyed in 2001 earthquake)

• 4 basic areas:

Surgery, OB, Peds, IM

• Subspecialities: Cards, Pulmonary, Ortho, Plastics, Urology, Gyn


Hospital san vicente

HOSPITAL SAN VICENTE

  • Part of the basic system of integrated health SIBASIS

  • Many Ancillary services

  • Formulary medications free; delivery system sporadic & unreliable

  • Several Referred services

  • Areas of concern for this hospital:

    - Maternal/Infant morbidity/mortality

    - Renal Insufficiency


Hospital san vicente1

HOSPITAL SAN VICENTE

  • Targeted to rural populations

  • Space in the hospital building available; no supplies or equipment

  • Unidad de Salud nurse refers to hospital when close to delivery


Casa materna

Casa Materna


San vicente staff

San Vicente Staff


Access to medical care between el chaperno and

ACCESS TO MEDICAL CARE BETWEEN EL CHAPERNO AND…………

Hospital San Vincente

Unidades de Salud

  • 20 kilometers from El Chaperno, 30-45 minutes by car

  • Patients from El Chaperno are really supposed to go to Zacatecaluca for hospital care, but it is farther away (1 hour) due to poorer roads

  • El Chaperno 5 minutes

  • Guadalupe 45 minutes

  • La Ceiba 45 minutes

  • Santa Maria Ostuma 45 minutes

  • Jerusalen 1 hour


Unidad de salud

UNIDAD DE SALUD

EL CHAPERNO


El chaperno unidad de salud

El ChapernoUnidad de Salud

  • ECOS - F: EquiposCommunitariosFamilaria

  • Open 5 days a week, M - F, 0730 -1730

  • 30 - 35 patients a day

  • Small clinic and waiting area outside

  • Wired for electricity but none available when we visited

  • Everyone is welcome, regardless of place of residence


Staffing unidad de salud

Staffing – Unidad de Salud

  • Team composed of physician medical director, lead nurse, auxiliary nurse, promotoras for El Chaperno, Concepcion, and San Antonio, and Polivalente

  • Staffed daily with nurses and promotora

  • MD hours vary: El Chaperno M,W, F

    Concepcion - Tuesday

    San Antonio - Thursday


Unidad de salud staff

Unidad de Salud Staff


Medical doctor

MEDICAL DOCTOR

  • MD changes every year; assigned by Systema Regional de Salud

  • Currently a resident in last year of medical school, who cannot prescribe “controlled medications.”

  • Can prescribe antibiotics, antihypertensives, diabetic meds, contraceptives.


Nursing

NURSING

EnfermeraLicensiada

Auxillary Nurse

  • Has a university degree

  • 3 years in high school & 5 years in university

  • Performs vaccinations, pediatric & prenatal care

  • Contract worker

  • 3 years of high school, 3 additional years of training

  • Adult chronic health care

  • Employment through the government system more lucrative than if employed as a contract worker


Promotora

PROMOTORA

  • No formal education

  • 3 months of training

  • Assigned to 200 households, sees 8-12/d

  • Checks on immunization status, pregnant women, helps with health campaigns

  • Last partera passed away, no new one; no formal training for this role


Medications

MEDICATIONS

  • Dispensario on same site as clinica

  • Medications must be prescribed by MD to be dispensed.

  • 55 medications on formulary


Chimps brigada april 2012 el chaperno

LABS

  • Able to draw blood; no equipment to analyze it

  • Samples to private lab in Guadalupe and/or ECOS Verapaz lab

  • FEES:

    $3 glucose or parasite

    $4 for hemoglobin

    $6 for cholesterol


Future

FUTURE……….

  • Hx of collaboration with Health Committee in San Antonio with dengue & cleaning campaigns

  • Health Committee alerting promotoras to pregnant women in community

  • Collaborating with health fairs

    • Referral from health fairs


2 health committee training

#2 HEALTH COMMITTEE TRAINING


Health committee training

Health Committee Training

  • Attended by 10 members

  • 3 stations:

    Hgb & Glucose

    Blood Pressure

    Peds triage education


Health committee highlights

Health Committee - Highlights

  • Have used first aid kits

  • Replenished 1st Aid supplies

  • Keen interest in lab testing

  • Supplies left: BP cuff, stethoscope & Donde no Hay Doctor


El chaperno health committee

EL CHAPERNO HEALTH COMMITTEE

Next training…….

  • Bring thermometers to leave?

  • Bring U-dips

  • Plan ahead further for better attendance

  • Always include brief orientation to first aid kits

  • Involve Unidad de Salud in health fair


Dreams

DREAMS…………….

Pastor Luis dreams of his own clinic…. using Edgar as the nurse.


Wishes

WISHES……………

Pastor John wants a MINILAB since lab tests are such a challenge for the Unidad


Future1

FUTURE………….

  • Hoping for improved communication directly with committee. We could plan for November health fair to include large renal component in testing and education.

  • Health committee could study chapters in Donde no hay doctor and email us their questions on a monthly basis to solidify our commitment to their community


3 fluoride application

#3 FLUORIDE APPLICATION


El chaperno school

El Chaperno school

  • 380 students, K-grade 9

  • Two teams: AM & PM

  • Dental charlas to 9 classes

  • 170 children treated


Dental charla in action

Dental Charla in Action……..


Future2

FUTURE…………..

  • Update charlas to be more interactive & sophisticated

  • Next time:

  • divide toothbrushes into adult and child ahead of time

  • have only small size toothpaste.

  • NOTED DURING VISIT: School had overflowing toilets, no drinking water and no facilities to wash hands.


4 renal insufficiency failure

#4 RENAL INSUFFICIENCY/FAILURE


Renal insufficiency

RENAL INSUFFICIENCY

Hospital San Vicente

El ChapernoUnidad de Salud

  • 1000 patients/year; 8-10 cases/day

  • Incidence highest near rivers in agricultural communities

  • Postulation causes: DM, HTN & pesticides

  • Interest in BP, Hgb, Urine dip screenings

  • Renal prevention unit

  • Hemodialysis done in San Salvador, unclear if biopsies done there

  • Staff aware of increased incidence of ARI

  • Nursing staff observe lack of drinking water (coffee instead) in fields, pesticides, and concomitant hypertension and diabetes


Renal insuffiency

Renal Insuffiency

Per Sonia:

  • Inadequate patient education. Only advice drink 1 liter of water daily

  • No dietary restrictions on salt, potassium, phosphorus


Barriers to care for crf

Barriers to care for CRF

  • Wait lists for dialysis classes

  • Wait Lists for Specialist Consults

  • Limited Dialysis

  • Poor quality equipment

  • Lack of medications

  • Home dialysis available; limited to approved houses

  • A law against organ donation in El Salvador


Future3

FUTURE………

  • Awaiting results from panela

  • Awaiting results from water samples

  • Promotora role in education about primary & secondary prevention renal disease

  • Promotora assisting with home peritoneal dialysis for patients


Review of trip logistics

REVIEW OF TRIP LOGISTICS


What worked

WHAT WORKED……

  • Letter from Abrazo to present at airport

  • Having end of day recap & entering into laptop while in El Chaperno

  • Having a meeting prescheduled with San Vicente Hospital prior to our arrival

  • Our interpretor Norma

  • Great food – no illness 

    Serendipity - running into Unidad de Salud doctor & nurse out walking to be able to schedule a mtg with them.


What didn t work

WHAT DIDN’T WORK……

  • COMMUNICATION!!!

  • ABRAZO & CHIMPS

  • COMMUNITY & CHIMPS

  • BUDGET


Suggestions

SUGGESTIONS..…….

TO IMPROVE PLANNING

TO IMPROVE COMMUNICATION

* Timeline developed for Abrazo & future CHIMPS leaders to follow in preparation for trip so each party knows expectations

* BRAINSTORMING NEEDED

* Health Committee, Pastor, Sonia and Raul all told by our group to expect another CHIMPS brigada in November.

* Email address given to health committee member, Pastor Luis.

* Would like to stay in regular monthly communication with them to nurture relationship


Issue for future brigadas

Issue for Future Brigadas

Expense Barriers

Cost of airfare expensive

Lack of Fund raising

  • Dates confirmed earlier = more time to shop for more affordable prices or book airmiles.

  • Airlines contacted for consideration of reduced airfare, baggage fees.

  • Budget – volunteers need to know cost prior to volunteering.

  • Fundraising. Needs to become part of at home function to support volunteers


Future brigadas continued

Future Brigadas continued……..

Recruitment

Regalos

Internet

  • Recruitment – consider adding on vacation destination after brigada (ie Argentina)

  • Regalos – report what was given most recently and also ideas for next incoming group to bring (ie leaking kettle)

  • Internet access @ Abrazo WIFI. Could Hilda could get Sonia to update internet prior to future brigadas


Chimps team april 2012

CHIMPS TEAM APRIL 2012


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