Music an appreciation 8 th edition by roger kamien
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 18

Music: An Appreciation 8 th Edition by Roger Kamien PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 257 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Music: An Appreciation 8 th Edition by Roger Kamien . Unit IV 巴洛克時期 1600-1750. Presentation Development: Robert Elliott University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff. 巴洛克時期. Time-line: Shakespeare: Hamlet -1600 Cervantes: Don Quixote -1605 Galileo: Earth orbits Sun-1610 King James Bible-1611

Download Presentation

Music: An Appreciation 8 th Edition by Roger Kamien

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Music an appreciation 8 th edition by roger kamien

Music: An Appreciation8th Editionby Roger Kamien

Unit IV

巴洛克時期

1600-1750

Presentation Development: Robert Elliott

University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff


Music an appreciation 8th edition by roger kamien

巴洛克時期

  • Time-line:

    • Shakespeare: Hamlet-1600

    • Cervantes: Don Quixote-1605

    • Galileo: Earth orbits Sun-1610

    • King James Bible-1611

    • Newton: Principia Mathematica-1687

    • Defoe: Robinson Crusoe-1719

    • Swift: Gulliver’s Travels-1726


The baroque style

巴洛克風格The Baroque Style

  • Baroque style “fills the space”

  • Time of flamboyant lifestyle

  • Visual Art

  • Implies motion

  • Note pictures

  • Compare sculpture

  • Busy

  • Note pictures

  • Architecture

  • Elaborate

  • Note picture

  • Change in approach to science

  • Experiment-based, not just observation

  • Inventions and improvements result


Chpt 1

Chpt. 1: 巴洛克音樂

  • Opera: a play with speaking parts sung

  • Period begins with rise of Opera

  • Period ends with death of J. S. Bach

  • The two giants: Bach & Handel

  • Other important composers:

  • Claudio Monteverdi

  • Henry PurcelL

  • Arcangelo Corelli

  • Antonio Vivaldi

  • Period divided into 3 phases:

  • Early:

  • 1600-1640

  • Middle:

  • 1640-1680

  • Late:

  • 1680-1750


Music an appreciation 8th edition by roger kamien

Chpt. 1-Baroque Music

巴洛克音樂的特色

  • 一首音樂曲或一個樂章中通常僅傳達一種表情

  • 表情上的一致性

  • 節奏

  • 節奏常常重複於整個樂曲中

  • 旋律

  • 一首樂曲開始的旋律在曲子進行時,會反覆地呈現。

  • Continuous expanding of melodic sequence

  • 力度

  • 音量的大小在樂曲中也常在不同樂段,維持其一貫性。表情需變化時,常以迅速的方式轉換。


Music an appreciation 8th edition by roger kamien

Chpt. 1-Baroque Music

巴洛克音樂的特色

  • 主曲調音樂monody與多聲部音樂織體交替使用

  • 織體

  • 和絃與數字低音

  • 和絃變得非常重要

  • Bass part considered foundation of the harmony

  • Basso Continuo: bass part with numbers to represent chord tones

  • Similar to modern jazz & pop “fake book” notation

  • Words and Music

  • Text painting/word painting continues

  • Words frequently emphasized by extension through many rapid notes


Music an appreciation 8th edition by roger kamien

Chpt. 1-Baroque Music

巴洛克時期的樂團

  • Based on violin family of instruments

  • Small by modern standards

  • Varying instrumentation

  • Strings, woodwinds, brass, & percussion

  • Nucleus was basso continuo unit

  • Composers specified instrumentation

  • Timbre was subordinate to melody, rhythm, & harmony


Music an appreciation 8th edition by roger kamien

Chpt. 1-Baroque Music

巴洛克時期的樂曲形式

  • Instrumental music frequently made up of movements

  • 樂章(Movement): 是指大作品的一部份,完整與獨立性的一首曲子。

  • Performed with pause between movements

  • Unity of mood within individual movements

  • Movements often contrast with each other

  • Common basic forms:

  • Ternary

  • A B A

  • Binary

  • A B

  • A A B

  • A B B

  • A A B B


Chpt 2

Chpt. 2: 音樂在巴洛克時期的社會地位

  • Music written to order

  • New music, not old-fashioned, was desired

  • Courts:

  • Music indicated affluence

  • Court Music Director

  • Good prestige, pay, and other benefits

    • Still considered a skilled servant


Chpt 21

Chpt. 2:音樂在巴洛克時期的社會地位

  • Some aristocrats were musicians

  • Church music was very elaborate

  • Most people heard music only in church

  • Some, though few, public opera houses

  • Music careers taught by apprenticeship

  • Orphanages taught music as a trade


Chpt 6

Chpt. 6: 巴洛克時期的歌劇

  • Euridice 《尤麗蒂切》是目前保存最早的歌劇 (Peri-1600)

  • Camerata在佛羅倫斯聚會討論音樂的結果

  • Orfeo 《奧菲歐》1607年Monteverdi創作了第一齣大型的歌劇

  • 巴洛克歌劇是為了皇室慶典而創作

  • 展示其富麗堂皇

  • 貴族資助者自比為希臘與羅馬的英雄及神

  • 第一所大眾歌劇院於1637在威尼斯開幕

  • 巴洛克歌劇標示著偉大歌唱家的崛起

  • 「乾的朗誦調」(Secco recitative);樂團「有伴奏的朗誦調」(accompanied recitative)


Chpt 5

Chpt. 5: 歌劇的要素

  • 用唱的戲劇, 通常以管絃樂伴奏

  • 歌劇的文字稱劇本(libretto)

  • 歌詞通常是由劇作家(librettist)先寫出

  • 音樂部分則是由作曲家所寫

  • 歌劇的性質可以是具有喜劇性或嚴肅性

  • 歌劇演唱(獨唱)方式主要分兩種:

  • 朗誦調(Recitative): presents plot material

  • 詠唱調(Aria): expresses emotion—usually a “show-off” vehicle for the singer

  • 之外還二重唱、三重唱……到六重唱等

  • Three or more singers make up an ensemble


Chpt 51

Chpt. 5:歌劇的要素

  • 合唱(Chorus): 合唱團成員所扮演的角色可能是羣眾

  • 提示台詞者(prompter)—必須為提示台詞裝置設備

  • 樂團在的位置是在舞台正下方的凹陷區域

  • 序曲(overture)或前奏曲(prelude): 歌劇開始表演時由樂團演奏一段音樂

  • 現代對於歌劇歌詞的問題

  • 歌劇可否經過翻譯後再演出

  • 字幕(Supertitles)被投映於舞台上


Claudio monteverdi

Claudio Monteverdi (蒙台威爾第)


Claudio monteverdi1

Claudio Monteverdi(蒙台威爾第)

  • 義大利巴洛克時期的作曲家

  • 創作了最早的歌劇傑作 奧菲歐 Orfeo;奧費斯 (Orpheus )

  • 威尼斯聖馬克(St. Mark’s)教堂樂師30年

  • 創作聖樂也為貴族們創作世俗樂

  • 創作的12齣歌劇只留下3齣


Listening

Chpt. 7-Claudio Monteverdi

Listening

朗誦調:<你已死亡>(Tu Se’ Morta)

  • Note: Homophonic texture

  • Use of text painting

  • Listening Guide p. 116

  • Brief Set, CD 1:68


Henry purcell and dido and aeneas

Henry Purcell (普賽爾) and Dido and Aeneas

  • 英國最偉大的作曲家(1659-1695)

  • 才華出眾,榮登眾重要的音樂職位

  • 早逝歿,埋葬於西敏寺之風琴下

  • Dido and Aeneas 《黛朵和阿尼亞斯》(1689)

基礎低音(Ground Bass)

  • 在低音部的音樂主題一再地重複的主題

    • 變奏形式

  • 即稱為頑固低音(basso ostinato)


Listening1

Chpt. 8-Henry Purcell

Listening

<Dido的悲歌>(Dido’s Lament) from Dido and Aeneasby Purcell

  • Note: Recitative followed by aria

  • Aria makes use of ground bass

  • Listening Guide p. 152

  • Brief Set, CD 1:69


  • Login