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Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take Cornell Notes on the history and background of the novel To Kill a Mockingbird . PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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November 26, 2012. Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take Cornell Notes on the history and background of the novel To Kill a Mockingbird . To Kill a Mockingbird. Harper Lee. Wrote To Kill a Mockingbird in 1960

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Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take Cornell Notes on the history and background of the novel To Kill a Mockingbird .

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Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

November 26, 2012

Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take Cornell Notes on the history and background of the novel To Kill a Mockingbird.


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

To Kill a

Mockingbird


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

Harper Lee


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

  • Wrote To Kill a Mockingbird in 1960

  • Based the story on her life growing up in Monroeville, Alabama

  • TKAM was the only novel she ever wrote


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

  • In 1962 the novel was turned into a film starring Gregory Peck.

  • It received a humanitarian award and several Academy Award nominations.


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

To Kill a

Mockingbird

  • Focuses on the people, attitudes, and laws of the South during this time period.

  • The plot of TKAM reflected Lee’s own childhood in Alabama and was greatly influenced by the training she received in law school.


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

About the Novel

  • Told in flashback

  • 2 story lines – each with itsown climax

  • First-person point of view

  • Bildungsroman - a novel about the moral and psychological growth of the main character

  • Origin of BILDUNGSROMAN

  • Covers approx. 3 years


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

SETTING

Maycomb,

ALABAMA


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

Point of View

  • Jean Louise Finch

  • (Scout)

  • Narrator switches perspectives from a six year-old girl to one with the wisdom of an adult looking back.

The Narrator


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

Social Class in the Novel

This is probably similar to how class structure existed during the 1930’s in the South. The wealthy, although fewest in number, were most powerful. The blacks, although great in number, were lowest on the class ladder, and thus, had the least privileges.

Examples of each social class:

Wealthy - Finches

Country Folk - Cunninghams

“White Trash” – Ewells

Black Community – Tom Robinson


Prejudice in maycomb county alabama 1930 s

Prejudice in Maycomb County, Alabama, 1930’s

“Now gentlemen, in this country our courts are the great levelers, and in our courts all men are created equal. I'm no idealist to believe firmly in the integrity of our courts and of our jury system. That's no ideal to me. That is a living, working reality.”

-Atticus to the jury


Legal segregation in alabama 1923 1940

Legal Segregation in Alabama, 1923-1940

  • No white female nurses in hospitals that treat black men

  • Separate passenger cars for whites and blacks

  • Separate waiting rooms for whites and blacks

  • Separation of white and black convicts

  • Separate schools

  • No interracial marriages

  • Segregated water fountains

  • Segregated theatres


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

  • Language of Scout switches from childhood to adulthood

  • Atticus always uses formal speech

  • Calpurnia uses “white language” in the Finch house and switches to “black jargon” when amidst blacks

  • The Ewell’s use foul words and obscenities

  • Jem, Scout, and Dill will use slang words, typical of their age

  • Tom Robinson uses language typical of the southern black such as “suh” for “sir” and “chillun” for “children”

  • Various derogatory terms for blacks will be used – Lee uses such language to keep her novel naturally in sync with common language of the times

Language


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

TONE

  • Somber

  • Serious

  • Humorous (at times)


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

MOTIFS

Gothic Details

Depictions of a small-town life


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

CHARACTERS


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

Scout

  • Tomboy

  • Impulsive

  • Emotional

  • Warm & Friendly

  • Sensitive

  • Adorable

  • Gains in Maturity throughout the Novel


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

ATTICUS FINCH

  • Widower/Father of Scout & Jem

  • An attorney by profession

  • Highly respected

  • Good citizen

  • Instills good values and morals in

    his children.

  • His children call him “Atticus”

  • Honest, Brave & Courteous

  • Typical southern gentleman

  • Soft-spoken


You never really know a man until you crawl into his skin and walk around for awhile atticus finch

“You never really know a man until you crawl into his skin and walk around for awhile.” Atticus Finch


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

JEM FINCH

  • Scout’s older brother

  • Looks up to Atticus

  • Usually looks out for Scout

  • Typical older brother at times

  • Smart & Compassionate

  • Matures as the story progresses


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

  • Finch’s Housekeeper

  • Has watched the children since their mother’s death

  • Has been a positive influence on the children.

CALPURNIA


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

Arthur "Boo" Radley

  • An enigma (puzzling or contradictory character)

  • An adult man, whose father has “sentenced” him to a lifetime confinement to their house because of some mischief he got into when he was a teenager.

  • Has a reputation of being a lunatic

  • Basically a harmless, well-meaning person

  • Sometimes childlike in behavior

  • Starving for love and affection

  • Saves Jem and Scout from certain danger


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

Tom

  • Young, harmless, innocent, hardworking

  • Has a crippled left hand

  • Married with three children. Works on a farm belonging to Mr. Link Deas

  • Accused of raping a white girl, Mayella Ewell

Robinson


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

DILL

  • A close friend of Jem and Scout

  • Usually lives in Maycomb only during the summer

  • Tells “big stories”

  • Has been deprived of love and affection


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

  • The character of “Dill,” Scout and Jem’s playmate in the novel was based upon Lee’s actual neighbor, Truman Capote

  • Capote is famous for amongst other things, In Cold Blood and Breakfast at Tiffany’s.

  • It has been said that he gave Lee Mockingbird as a gift.


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

1930s Typical Morphine Addict:

White female

Middle-aged or older

Widowed

Homebound

Lives in the south

Property owner

Began using morphine for medical reasons (pain relief)

In “To Kill a Mockingbird,” the Finch children will become acquainted with a morphine addict. Although only a fictitious character, she personifies the American morphine addict of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Mrs. Henry Dubose


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

Poor white family

Hard-working

Honest & Proud

Survive on very little

Always pay back their debts – even if it is with hickory nuts, turnips, or holly.

Poor white trash

Dirty & Lazy

Never done a day’s work

Foul-mouthed

Dishonest

Immoral

Two Poor White Families:

The Cunningham’s

Ewell’s


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

Simple

Honest

Clean

Hard-working

God-fearing

Proud

Would never take anything with paying it back

Respectful

Had stronger character than most of the whites

Oppressed

Uneducated

Discriminated against

Talked about badly

Deserve better than what is dished out to them by society

The Black Community


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

Major Themes

  • Education is not limited to the classroom but is an important part of a person’s everyday life.

  • Prejudice is responsible for much social injustice.

  • People often fear what they do not understand.


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

Major Themes

  • Courage is doing what you think is right when the odds of succeeding are against you.

  • Maturation

  • Pride


Take out a sheet of notebook paper and be ready to take cornell notes on the history and background of the novel to kill a mockingbird

The End


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