Planning in Reverse, Sharing Social Secrets & 18 Additional Ways to Support, Include, & Teach Students with Autism. Paula Kluth, Ph.D. [email protected] website: www.paulakluth.com Raising Student Achievement December 2006
Planning in Reverse, Sharing Social Secrets & 18 Additional Ways to Support, Include, & Teach Students with Autism
Paula Kluth, Ph.D.
Raising Student Achievement
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Unique & highly individualized social skills and abilities
Often have expertise or deep interest in one or several topics; may have fascinations with objects as well
#1 Question the Medical
Model of Disability
#2 Consider the “Insider” Perspective
#3speak and write
#4use a visual schedule
#6 be clear & precise
Junee Waites (2001), the mother of a man with autism shares in her book, Smiling at the Shadows,
that she couldn’t get her son to engage in household routines until she sang to him:
…I sang “We’re sweeping the floor, sweeping the floor! We’re
making the bed, making the bed! Would you like…dah de dah…a drink
of milk…la la la…?”
Sometimes I’d wonder who had the problem, but [the] scheme
worked. I sang merrily and Dane began to point to what he wanted—
-and he would look to me. (p. 41)
Wendy Lawson (1998), who has Asperger’s
syndrome, claims that making eye contact with a
speaker can result in a break down in
#9plan in reverse
#10use passions as teaching tools
#11use passions to inspire new interests
Example of “building on strengths” activity:STUDENT LOVES WEATHERdisaster fictionintroduce student to weather section of newspaper how to read barometer and other gadgetshand-on science experimentsteach email and web skills – surf for weather informationteach music- “Singing in the Rain”; “Sunny Weather”support communication skills; have student teach others about weather or give daily weather facthave student learn about jobs like weather person, volunteer with disaster reliefteach about feelings- “are you feeling gloomy and rainy today or sunny”?
You win some, you lose some!
[Father] held up his right hand and spread
his fingers out in a fan. I held up my left hand and
spread my fingers out in a fan and we made our
fingers and thumbs touch each other. We do this
because sometimes father wants to give me a hug,
but I do not like hugging people so we do this
instead, and it means that he loves me. (Haddon,
M. The curious incident of the dog in the night-time. p. 16)
#14adapted materials (props)
#15teach to the whole child (movement, sensory)
#16keep learning active
Art ClassMr. FinerJosh S.
The Color Wheel is a chart that shows how colors are related and sorted to make it easier for artist to mix the right colors for paint.
The Primary colors are blue, red, and yellow and cannot be made by mixing other colors together. Secondary colors are orange, purple and green and are made by mixing two primary colors from either side of the color wheel.Tertiary colors are made by mixing a primary and a secondary color together. Like purple and blue, green and yellow or blue and green.Complementary colors are opposite from each other on the color wheel and they contrast because they do not have any colors in common. Green is made by mixing yellow and blue, so
it will complement red.
O'Keeffe's originality and integrity earned her a reputation as
one of the greatest American Artist of the twentieth century.
Always loyal to her own vision, she painted her works without
regard to public tastes or changing styles in American Art.
Her paintings have retained a timeless quality that makes
them look fresh and original still.
O'Keeffe's paintings of natural subjects-not only flowers, but
animal bones, sea shells, rocks and desert landscapes-carry
With them a peaceful balance of elements, reflecting the
artist's love of her subjects as well as a highly developed sense
Calla Lily Turned Away
Ricky Hagedorn likes to make pictures of cars and airplanes on wood shingles using enamel and acrylic paint in rich primary colors, and his representations come to life: the chrome gleams and the sun beats down on the roof. He annotates his works with his own hieroglyphic system that identify the date of the work.
A kindergarten mathematics activity box might include:
A high school U.S. history activity box might include:
Guy constantly disrupted lessons because he arrived late
to his classes, struggled to find a place to sit, and often
did not have the necessary course materials.
…it was suggested that he should be allowed to have a fixed desk at which to sit in every lesson…. In each classroom the desk would also contain the minimum equipment necessary for him to cope with the lesson (paper, pens, ruler, etc.). Some teachers were happy to implement these suggestions and in their classes Guy’s behavior improved rapidly. Others refused to change long-established teaching practices and in these classes his behavior remained highly disruptive and erratic. (Howlin, 1998, p. 244)
#19 & 20
Listen to Students &
Listen to Families
Jasmine Lee O’ Neill (1999):
Good professionals in the field spend a lot of time getting to
know each new autistic client or pupil. They respect that
sensitive person’s characteristic to live like a shy sea
creature inside a vibrant, colourful, self-containing shell
home. They are interested in each one as a human being.
They delight in the surprises that unfold as they get to know
the autistic individual. (p. 22).
Autism means a different way of seeing the world and I
always invite my teachers to buy a ticket on the journey to
reaching the station called acceptance and full knowledge.
Some reach the final destination and some hop off at the
beginning. They need to be as a conductor and guide me
through the many places I may get lost in. The math maze
I am the leader. The English maze is confusing and then I
need my conductor. And so remember that teachers need
patience, and curiosity, desire to give life to education and
all persons who place their dollar in the gate and deem it
possible to come out a world class traveler.
Jamie Burke (The Advocate, 2002)