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Elements Of A Short Story. Hip-Hop: “Five Things” – Flocabulary http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c6I24S72Jps&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active. SHORT STORY . A story that is much shorter than a novel and can usually be read in one sitting. . CHARACTERS .

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Elements of a short story
Elements Of A Short Story

Hip-Hop: “Five Things” – Flocabulary

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c6I24S72Jps&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active


Short story
SHORT STORY

  • A story that is much shorter than a novel and can usually be read in one sitting.


Characters
CHARACTERS

  • People, animals, or imaginary beings who take part in the action of a story, novel, drama, or poem

    (Characterization – The development of a character or characters)


PLOT

The sequence of events in a story.

What happens in the story?

In what order does the action happen?


Setting
SETTING

  • The time and place of action of a story, novel, drama, or poem

    When does the story take place?

    Where does the story take place?


Exposition

EXPOSITION

The beginning of the story; the first part of the plot: introduces the setting (where, when) and the main character(s); sets up the situation or conflict; sets the tone or mood of the story.


Rising action

RISING ACTION

The actions and events in a story that move the plot along; the story develops.


Conflict
CONFLICT

  • A struggle or clash between opposing characters, or between opposing forces. (Can be internal or external.)


Climax

CLIMAX

The key event or turning point in a story that will change the outcome of the story; the “point of no return.” (Usually the most exciting or interesting event in the story.)


Falling action

FALLING ACTION

The events or actions that occur after the climax; ties up “loose ends” and leads to the story’s resolution.


Resolution

RESOLUTION

Final part of the story; the story is “closed.” (Also called the de’nouement.)


Plot diagram
PLOT DIAGRAM

Climax

Rising Action

Conflict

Falling Action

Exposition

Resolution


Theme
THEME

  • The main idea in a work of literature.

    A way of looking at life or human nature that the writer shares with the reader. In most cases, the theme is not stated directly, but is implied.

    (Themes should be expressed as a statement, not just one word. )


Characterization
CHARACTERIZATION

The way in which an author reveals the personalities of the characters in a story.


Protagonist
PROTAGONIST

  • The central character or hero in a narrative or drama. The person whose conflict sets the plot in motion.


Antagonist
ANTAGONIST

  • The principal character, force, or obstacle in opposition to the protagonist of a narrative or drama


Narrator
NARRATOR

  • The character or voice from whose point of view events are told


Point of view
POINT OF VIEW

  • The narrator (character or “voice”) telling (narrating) a story, or poem


First person p o v
FIRST PERSON P.O.V.

  • The narrator is a character in the story and uses the pronouns “I,” “me,” and “my”

  • Used for fiction, autobiographies (nonfiction)

  • EX: “As myfather walked across mylawn, I feared for his safety…”


Third person p o v
THIRD PERSON P.O.V.

  • The narrator is not a character in the story uses the pronouns “he,” “she,” “they.”

  • Used for fiction or non-fiction

    (Two types of Third Person P.O.V. :

    1. Omniscient 2. Limited)


Third person omniscient p o v
THIRD PERSON OMNISCIENT P.O.V.

  • “All knowing” point of view; the narrator telling the story knows everything there is to know about the characters, what they are thinking or feeling, and their problems.

  • EX: “John thought he would ask Tina to marry him.”

    “Tina had decided to break up with John.”


Third person limited p o v
THIRD PERSON LIMITED P.O.V.

  • The narrator focuses on one character in the story and tells only what one character thinks, feels, and observes.

  • Ex: “As Mary walked through the forest, she began to feel scared, and she realized that she had goosebumps on her arms


Static character
STATIC CHARACTER

  • A main character who remains the same as the plot unfolds


Dynamic character
DYNAMIC CHARACTER

  • A main character who undergoes changes as the plot unfolds


Flat character
FLAT CHARACTER

  • A character who is described more simply than others

  • Character doesn’t have many personality traits


Round character
ROUND CHARACTER

  • A character whose many personality traits are revealed by the author


Conclusion
CONCLUSION

Now that we have identified and defined the elements of a short story, let us use the elements to analyze a familiar fairytale.


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