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Chapter 13. CONFLICT MANAGEMENT. Types of Conflict. Conflict Occurs when one person sees that another person has damaged or is about to damage something that the other person cares about. Results in minor inconveniences, major losses, and company failures. Types of Conflict.

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CONFLICT MANAGEMENT

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Conflict management

Chapter 13

CONFLICT MANAGEMENT


Types of conflict

Types of Conflict

  • Conflict

    • Occurs when one person sees that another person has damaged or is about to damage something that the other person cares about.

    • Results in minor inconveniences, major losses, and company failures.


Types of conflict1

Types of Conflict

  • Common aspects involved in all types of conflict:

    • Conflict must be perceived by all people involved.

    • Most definitions involve opposition or incompatibility.

    • *Some type of interaction in ongoing, or all parties would be avoiding conflict.


Types of conflict2

Types of Conflict

  • Conflicts can be classified as:

    • *Functional (constructive) conflict.

    • Dysfunctional (destructive) conflict.


Types of conflict3

Types of Conflict

  • Classifying conflict by the participants in the conflict:

    • * Inner conflict – Occurs within an individual; it might involve values, loyalties, or priorities.

    • *Person-versus-person conflict – Involves two people having personality differences, values conflicts, and loyalties among other issues.

    • Intragroup conflict – When two groups form and take sides.

    • *Person-versus-group conflict – When a member of a group breaks its rules or norms.


Sources of conflict

Sources of Conflict


Sources of conflict1

Sources of Conflict

  • *Content conflict - Focuses on disagreements over the meaning of a statement or concept.

  • *Values conflict - Occurs when one set of values clashes with another, and a decision has to be made.

  • *Negotiation-of-selves conflict – Process of defining oneself to others and responding to their implied definitions of themselves.

  • *Institutionalized conflict – Occurs when a conflict factor is built into the structure of an organization.


Conflict analysis

Conflict Analysis

  • Questions that help manage a conflict

    • Who is involved?

    • What is at stake?

    • How important is time?

    • What are the tie-ins with other issues?


Potential solutions

Potential Solutions

  • Win-lose strategy – Allows one side of the conflict to win over the other.

  • The two approaches are:

    • Win-lose approach – Allows one side of a conflict to win at the expense of the other

      • Democratic vote.

        • Not affective because majority vote will leave a minority of unhappy people without any real recourse.

      • Arbitrary approach


Potential solutions1

Potential Solutions

  • *Lose-lose strategy – Everyone gives up something and the focus is on compromise. People are unhappy of both sides of the issue.

  • *Win-win strategy – Leads to a solution in which both sides feel that they have come out on top.


Styles of conflict management

Styles of Conflict Management

  • Five common approaches:

    • *Competitor – Tries a win-lose approach, especially if he/she is personally involved.

    • Avoider – Keeps away from conflicts, and values neutrality highly.

    • *Compromiser – Uses his/her skills to blend differences and form a workable alternative and reach agreement.

    • Accommodator – Wants to avoid conflict by engaging in positive thinking.

    • *Collaborator – Brings both sides together for discussion and tries to bring about a win-win solution.


Styles of conflict management1

Styles of Conflict Management


Dealing with special conflict cases

Dealing with Special Conflict Cases

  • Low conformers

    • Think independently, solve problems creatively, and often cause some conflict.

    • Working with and managing this type of personality requires a patience and good will.

    • *Solution to make working with low conformers less problematic is to tolerate their honesty.


Dealing with special conflict cases1

Dealing with Special Conflict Cases

  • Suggestions for dealing with an envious person at work:

    • Avoid destructive conflict with the envious person.

    • Confront the envious co-worker.

    • Avoid excessive contact with the envious person.

    • Discuss the problem with your manager.

    • *Build up the envious person’s self-esteem.


Dealing with special conflict cases2

Dealing with Special Conflict Cases

  • Steps to deal with whiners and complainers:

    • Listen, but not too much.

    • Do frequent reality checks.

    • Challenge the word unfair.

    • Be a team leader or player.


Dealing with special conflict cases3

Dealing with Special Conflict Cases

  • Steps to get meaningful feedback from passive, unresponsive people:

    • Build up the person's self-esteem.

    • Develop and use a friendly, silent gaze.

    • Don’t fill the space.

    • Make statements to help break the tension.

    • Set time limits.

    • Ask open-ended questions.


Dealing with special conflict cases4

Dealing with Special Conflict Cases

  • Dealing with different types of people requires patience, good listening skills, and time.

  • Whenever a conflict with a difficult person begins, one must plan the strategy accordingly.

  • It would be a good idea to deal with difficulties on an event-by-event basis.


Strategies for success

Strategies for Success

**

**

  • Negotiate win-win solutions:

    • Get emotions under control.

    • Agree on ground rules.

    • Clarify all positions.

    • Explore multiple needs and issues.

    • Develop alternatives.

    • Choose solutions that are win-win.


Strategies for success1

Strategies for Success

  • Make collaboration work:

    • Identify the problem.

    • Generate a solution.

    • Identify an action plan.

    • Put the action plan to work.


Strategies for success2

Strategies for Success

  • Stop conflicts before they start:

    • Turn the people around you into winners.

    • Work together on common goals.

    • Communicate, communicate, communicate.


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