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OVERVIEW. HEARING CONSERVATION PROGRAM. 28 Jan 2013. LEARNING OBJECTIVES. Describe the potential effects of noise List the purposes of the Hearing Conservation Program (HCP) Describe the five elements of the HCP Identify the team members of the HCP and their general duties.

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Presentation Transcript
Overview
OVERVIEW

HEARING CONSERVATION PROGRAM

28 Jan 2013


Learning objectives
LEARNING OBJECTIVES

Describe the potential effects of noise

List the purposes of the Hearing Conservation Program (HCP)

Describe the five elements of the HCP

Identify the team members of the HCP and their general duties



NIHL

Noise-Induced

Hearing Loss

#1

Occupational

Health Hazard

in the military

#


Financial impact
Financial Impact

Hearing Loss (as major disability claim)

Tinnitus (as major disability claim)

Other Known Expenses

Related to Hearing Loss

$1.8+ Billion (in 2010)


What could 1 8 billion buy
What could $1.8+ Billion Buy?

18+

Joint Strike Fighters @ $100M each

450+

M1A1 Abram Tanks @ $4M each

19+

Years of Employment for

535 elected Congressmen and Senators


Auditory effects of noise
Auditory Effects of Noise

  • Loss of hearing sensitivity

  • Loss of communication ability

  • Tinnitus or “ringing”

  • Missing parts of conversation

  • Slower/Inaccurate localization

  • Increase errors and safety accidents

  • Embarrassment, frustration, withdrawal

  • Possible loss of employment!


Non auditory effects of noise
Non-Auditory Effects of Noise

HEALTH RISKS

  • Raises blood pressure

  • Raises heart rate

  • Increases stress hormone levels

  • Disrupts healthy sleep patterns

  • Above can contribute to obesity

Noise

gets

on

our

NERVES!


Hearing loss demonstration
Hearing Loss Demonstration

Click image to start/stop animation


Noise Induced

Hearing Loss

Is Painless Progressive Permanent!

THERE IS NO CURE!


However
HOWEVER

NOISE INDUCED

HEARING LOSS

IS

PREVENTABLE !


Occupational hearing conservation program
Occupational Hearing Conservation Program

PURPOSE

 Prevent occupationally related Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL)

 Maintain combat readiness

 Maintain fitness for duty

 Retain job or work specialty

 Reduce cost of hearing loss

 Promote healthy hearing & quality of life


Hearing conservation program
Hearing Conservation Program

FIVE MAJOR ELEMENTS

  • Noise Hazard Identification

  • Engineering Controls

  • Audiometric Monitoring

  • Hearing Protective Devices (HPDs)

  • Hearing Conservation Education


Noise hazard identification
NOISE HAZARD IDENTIFICATION

#1

  • Identify potentially hazardous noise sources

  • Determine individuals employed in hazardous noise areas

  • Recommend personnel who should be enrolled in HCP to Command Safety

  • Label noise hazardous areas and equipment with appropriate labels


Engineering controls
ENGINEERING CONTROLS

#2

  • PRIMARY means to reduce or control noise

  • Dampen, enclose and/or isolate noise

  • Use HPD only after engineering controls prove unfeasible or cost prohibitive

  • Exceptions: high performance ships , aircraft, tactical vehicles or weaponry


AUDIOMETRIC MONITORING

#3

Conduct annual hearing tests to identify hearing shifts

Reference and Annual audiograms compared to determine hearing changes

Determine disposition, referral needs and Fitness for Duty

Statistics on hearing changes determine HCP effectiveness


Personal hearing protective devices
PERSONAL HEARING PROTECTIVE DEVICES

#4

Single Protection

Hazardous Noise Levels

≥ 85 dBA

Insert earplugs

OR use earmuffs

Double Protection

Hazardous Noise Levels

> 96 dBA

or

≥ 140 dB Peak SPL

Administrative controls should be combined with double protection when noise > 100 dBA(to have exposure < 8-hour TWA of 85dBA or 140dBP)


Education and training
EDUCATION and TRAINING

#5

Regulations Mandate: Initial and Annual Training

differences on shore vs. on ship

  • Elements and rationale of the HCP

  • Effects of noise on hearing

  • Purpose, styles, and proper use of various HPDs

  • Command and employee responsibilities for HC

  • Impact hearing loss may have on career, safety and mission

  • Off-duty hearing health practices

  • Purpose of hearing tests and procedures


Occupational hearing conservation team
Occupational Hearing Conservation Team


Occupational hearing conservation team cont
Occupational Hearing Conservation Team cont…


Occupational hearing conservation team cont1
Occupational Hearing Conservation Team cont…


Ohc technicians
OHC Technicians

Critical Role

in the

Hearing Conservation Program

 you see personnel first

 you fit their HPDs

 you educate and motivate them

 you answer their questions!

WHY

?


Summary
SUMMARY

The HCP team strives

to protect one of our

most precious abilities:

Hearing and understanding

“sound and speech”



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